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Moving toward Independence

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Declaration of Independence ... Declaration of Independence is approved ... Declaration of Independence. 4 Parts. 1st Preamble: Give reasons for forming a new country ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moving toward Independence


1
Moving toward Independence
  • Ch. 5 Section 4

2
Second Continental Congress
  • May, 1775
  • New faces

Left to Right Thomas Jefferson, John Hancock,
Ben Franklin
3
Old faces
Left to Right Richard Henry Lee, John Adams,
Patrick Henry
4
What did they do?
  • Authorized the printing of colonial money
  • Established a post office
  • Established a continental army
  • George Washington named commander
  • Drafted the Olive Branch Petition
  • Rejected by Britain

5
Hessians
  • King George III hired German soldiers, the
    Hessians, to fight against the colonists.

6
Thomas Paine Common Sense
7
Declaration of Independence
Richard Henry Lee proposed that a document be
drafted that would establish the colonies as an
independent nation. The Second Continental
Congress picked Thomas Jefferson, well-known as a
brilliant thinker and writer, to write a document
stating colonial independence.
8
Declaration of Independence is approved
  • 12 out of 13 colonies voted for independence from
    Britain (New York did not vote, later supported
    independence).
  • Approved July 4, 1776
  • Signed several days later by the Congress
  • John Hancocks signature is the biggest, he
    claimed he was signing to make sure King George
    could read it without putting on his glasses.

9
John Trumbulls painting
10
(No Transcript)
11
Declaration of Independence
  • 4 Parts
  • 1st Preamble Give reasons for forming a new
    country
  • 2nd Rights that the colonists have
  • 3rd Grievances against the King
  • 4th Declares America as a new, sovereign nation
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