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FOOD

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20,000 deaths/ day. Most children who die ... around the world-- Protein-Energy Malnutrition. Is There Enough Food to ... Everyone to eat a Vegetarian Diet; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FOOD


1

PRODUCTION
DISTRIBUTION
PROCESSING SAFETY SECURITY ISSUES
ISSUES MALNUTRITION
OVERNUTRITION
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
FOOD
2
World Hunger and Malnutrition
How Many People Are Affected by Malnutrition?
800 Million
1 in 5 Adults Inadequate Kcals 1 in 4
Children Protein to Maintain Optimal
Health
3
Results of Malnutrition
gt20,000 deaths/ day Most children who die
from malnutrition have experienced infections
that lead to diarrhea. Death results from
dehydration. Life expectancy in some
developing countries is lt50 yrs. In
developed countries it is 75 yrs.
4
Solutions to World Hunger
Control Population Growth Increase Food
Production / Efficiency Provide Better Health
Care Wealthy nations can reduce overuse of
resources. Wealthy govts and NGOs can
increase support of developing countries
5
Feeding a Growing Population
World Population Growth Continues Fastest
Growing Countries are Developing and Ill-Suited
to Provide Enough Food Food shortages exist in
hundreds of locations around the world--
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
6
Is There Enough Food to Feed Everyone?
In a word, Yes.
But......
Would Require Everyone to eat a Vegetarian
Diet Would Require Us to Use All Plant Products
for Food instead of using it as feed for
livestock.
7
Cycle of Malnutrition
Women Eat Inadequate Diets
to Support Fetal Growth Give Birth to Low Birth
Weight Infants (These babies experience high
mortality) Undernourished Children are Sicker
and Develop More Slowly Grow into Adults whose
Mental/Physical Capacities may have
suffered Contribute Low Productivity to the
workforce
8
Measuring Nutritional Status in Populations 1.
Infant Mortality Rate (deaths/ 1000 births) 2.
Number of Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW
Babies/ 1000 live births)
9
Causes of Food Shortage
FAMINE NATURAL DISASTERS WAR DROUGHT OVERPO
PULATION POOR LAND USE, EROSION
10
Most Common Nutritional Deficiencies
Iron Deficiency Anemia-- 3.5 Billion
Impairs Motor/Mental Development Decreases
Resistance to Infection Increases
Fatigue in Adults
Iodine Deficiency-- 200 Million Goiter
in adults cretinism in children Apathy Low
IQ, School Performance Protein-Energy
Malnutrition Vitamin A Deficiency-- 40
Million Depresses growth and immune
function Protein, Zinc and fat in diet can
help body utilize vitamin A
11
Who is Most At Risk?
PREGNANT WOMEN CHILDREN ELDERLY SICK OR
HOSPITALIZED INDIVIDUALS
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