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Declaration of Independence

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Declaration of Independence. Terri LeCroy Corbett. Walhalla Elementary. November 4, 2003 ... King George III reads the Declaration of Independence. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Declaration of Independence


1
Declaration of Independence
  • Terri LeCroy Corbett
  • Walhalla Elementary
  • November 4, 2003

2
Declaration of Independence
Rough Draft of Declaration courtesy of
American Mind Collection

  • Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of
    Independence.
  • It took him two weeks.
  • Congress voted to accept it on July 4, 1776.

3
The document that changed a nation.
  • This image of the Declaration
  • is from an engraving.
  • The printer was William J. Stone.
  • The engraving was done in 1823.
  • Most used version of
  • Declaration.
  • Photo courtesy of the National Archives.

4
Five Parts of the Declaration
  • Preamble
  • Statement of Human Rights
  • Charges against King and Parliament
  • Statement of Separation
  • Signatures

5
What is a Preamble?
  • A preamble is an introductory statement.
  • Introductory part of a constitution or statute.
  • States the reasons for and intent of the law.

6
Preamble
  • When in the Course of human events, it becomes
    necessary for one people to dissolve the
    political bands which have connected them with
    another

7
Statement of Human Rights
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident,
    that all men are created equal, that they are
    endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable
    rights, that among these are life, liberty, and
    the pursuit of happiness.

8
Statement of Human Rights
  • Government is formed to protect rights.
  • Britain no longer protecting colonists rights.
  • People have a right to change the government.

9
Charges Against the King and Parliament
  • List of 27 complaints
  • Some of the complaints included
  • Cutting off trade
  • Imposing taxes without consent
  • Depriving colonists of Trial by Jury
  • Keeping Standing Armies without consent of
    legislatures

10
King George III reads the Declaration of
Independence.
King George reads the colonist complaints listed
on the Declaration of Independence document.
(Martin is playing the role of King George.)
11
Statement of Separation
  • Colonies are united.
  • All connections with Great Britain are dissolved.
  • States have power and authority to
  • levy war
  • conclude peace and contract alliances
  • establish commerce

12
Signatures
  • 56 men signed the document.
  • Oldest signer was Benjamin Franklin.(70)
  • The youngest was Edward Rutledge. (26)
  • Most famous was John Hancock.

13
U.S. Capitol paintings. Signing of the
Declaration of Independence, painting by John
Trumbull in U.S. Capitol, detail with Thomas
Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin II.
American Memory Collection Signing of the
Declaration
14
Declaration Resources
  • Visit American Memory Collection
  • http//memory.loc.gov/
  • Visit Library of Congress Top Treasures.
  • http//www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/
  • Visit Signers Fact Sheet courtesy of National
    Archives.
  • http//www.archives.gov/national_archives_experien
    ce/declaration_signers_gallery.html

15
The document that changed a nation.
  • This is a photo of the original Declaration.
  • It is exhibited in the Rotunda in Washington, DC.
  • It is extremely faded.
  • Photo is courtesy of National Archives.
  • http//www.archives.gov/national_archives_experien
    ce/declaration.html

16
Credits
  • This power point presentation was created using
    the American Memory Collection (AAM) in the
    Library of Congress.
  • Pictures of Declaration are courtesy of the
    National Archives and Records Administration.
    (NARA)
  • Slide 12 Photo of signing (AAM)
  • Slide 3 Photo of original Document. (NARA)
  • Slide 14 Photo of engraved Document. (NARA)
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