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Advanced Research Methods

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Realism vs. nominalism (epistemology) Parallel modalities. Critical Realism ... Philosophical movement in Literature, Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Advanced Research Methods


1
Advanced Research Methods
  • K. Peter Kuchinke
  • Professor, Human Resource Development
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Yuan-Ze University, April 2008

2
Outline
  • Research Paradigms
  • Traditional social science research
  • Critical/emancipatory research
  • Action Research
  • Postmodern Research
  • Criteria of good Research
  • Publishing Research

3
Traditional Views of Research
  • Finding the truth
  • Knowledge based on objective evidence
  • Knowledge gained through strict methods
  • Knowledge gained by experts
  • Open to the public
  • Open to scrutiny and inspection
  • Expert way of finding things out
  • Privileged way of knowing

4
Brief History of Science
  • Age of Enlightenment
  • Physics and Astronomy
  • Liberation from Tradition and Religion
  • Advancement and Progress
  • Social Sciences
  • Positivism Debate
  • Objectivism vs. subjectivism (ontology)
  • Realism vs. nominalism (epistemology)
  • Parallel modalities
  • Critical Realism
  • Qualitative and quantitative methods

5
Critical Science
  • Knowledge and Interest (Habermas)
  • Types of Interest
  • Instrumental
  • Understanding
  • Emancipatory/liberation
  • Uses traditional social science methods but with
    different goals

6
Postmodernism
  • Philosophical movement in Literature, Arts,
    Humanities, Social Sciences
  • Questions traditional goals of science
  • Key ideas
  • Impossible to decide meaning objectively
  • Grand Narratives are not plausible
  • Language and power determine reality
  • Understanding/interpreting our world through
    history and deconstructing meaning
  • Implications for research
  • Researcher and subject constitute each other
  • Knowledge driven by interests
  • Ongoing dialogue
  • Research is story telling

7
Good Research
  • Advances knowledge/understanding in an important
    area
  • Builds on existing scholarship
  • Is methodologically/technically sound
  • Addresses important/interesting questions
  • Leads to some practical insights
  • Helps us understand world better/differently
  • Leads to alternative possible action strategies

8
Research Journals
  • Human Resource Development International
  • Importance of the topic
  • Theoretical importance
  • Practical Importance
  • Appropriateness
  • Problem Statement
  • Relevance of Literature Review
  • Research Design and Methods
  • Results and Conclusions
  • Contributions to the field

9
Publishing in International Research Journals
  • Why publish?
  • What to publish?
  • Where to publish?
  • How to succeed in publishing
  • Mistakes to avoid

10
Purpose of Publishing
  • Scientific progress based on written
    contributions
  • Scientific ideas evaluated based on written
    contributions
  • Extrinsic Reasons
  • Requirement for graduation/promotion
  • Prestige, reputation, visibility
  • Reaching a wide (international) audience
  • Intrinsic Reasons
  • Pride, Self-efficacy
  • Sense of accomplishment
  • Determine standing in the academic community

11
Types of Contributions
  • Empirical Research
  • Meta-Analyses
  • Theory Development
  • Model/Conceptual Development
  • Integrated Reviews of Literature
  • Exploratory Studies (Research Notes
  • Opinion Pieces
  • Responses to Published articles
  • Book Reviews

12
Maturity of Contributions
  • Emerging Fields/Areas
  • Exploratory research
  • Descriptive research
  • Definitional writing
  • Developing research agendas
  • Established Fields/Areas
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Theory development
  • Construct validation
  • Meta-analyses

13
Types of Research Journals
  • SSCI listing
  • Standing within Disciplines/Fields
  • Tier 1, 2, 3 etc.
  • Domain-specific journals
  • E.g. Cross-Cultural Management Human Resource
    Development International
  • Regional Focus
  • E.g. Asia Pacific Journal of Management
  • Audience specific journals
  • E.g. Harvard Business Review
  • Special sections, topical monographs

14
Successful Submissions
  • Quality of contribution to the literature
  • Originality
  • Rigor
  • Relevance
  • Match with journal scope and aims
  • Conforms to editorial guidelines
  • Quality of writing
  • Willingness to revise

15
Common Mistakes in Submitting Papers to Research
Journals
  • Practitioner Papers
  • Introductions for the Uninformed
  • No Original Relevance
  • Targeted at another discipline
  • Replica of already published work
  • Guideline violations
  • Not theory-based
  • Uninvited resubmissions
  • Source Kilduff, 2007- AMR

16
Publishing Violations
  • Submitting to several journals at once
  • Misrepresenting authorship Misrepresenting
    ownership of ideas and data
  • Plagiarizing
  • Using identical data set in multiple submissions

17
Tips for Novice Scholars
  • Non-refereed contributions
  • Conference Proceedings
  • Match quality of contribution and rating of the
    journal
  • Maybe build on practitioner focused publications
  • Be prepared to revise and revise and revise and
    revise
  • Be prepared to resubmit
  • Second author
  • Use masters thesis or dissertation
  • Dont get discouraged!
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