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Chapter 10: Social Stratification CHAPTER 11: Social Class in the United States

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Meritocracy. Davis-Moore thesis. Blue-collar occupations. White-collar ... Meritocracy define and give examples. Davis-Moore thesis define and give examples ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 10: Social Stratification CHAPTER 11: Social Class in the United States


1
Chapter 10 Social StratificationCHAPTER 11
Social Class in the United States
Homework for Monday (3/9) The Welfare Dilemma
p.294-295 (Questions 1-2) The Bell Curve Debate
p.266-267 (Questions 1-2)
2
Chapter 10 Social StratificationChapter 11
Social ClassTerms
  • Chapter 11
  • Income
  • Wealth
  • Intragenerational social mobility
  • Intergenerational social mobility
  • Relative poverty
  • Absolute poverty
  • Feminization of poverty
  • Occupational prestige
  • Upper Class
  • Middle Class
  • Working Class
  • Social Mobility
  • Homeless
  • Chapter 10
  • Social stratification
  • Social mobility
  • Caste system
  • Class system
  • Meritocracy
  • Davis-Moore thesis
  • Blue-collar occupations
  • White-collar occupations
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Halo effect

3
People Like Us
  • http//www.pbs.org/peoplelikeus/

4
Break into groups
  • Occupational Prestige define and give examples
  • Social Stratification Birth include ancestry,
    gender, race ethnicity, and religion
  • Upper Class include upper-uppers and lower-uppers
  • Middle Class include upper-middles,
    average-middles
  • Working Class Lower Class explain working class
    and lower-middle class
  • Social Mobility explain the types of mobility,
    race, gender, and myths
  • Working Poor define the complications of this
    label
  • The Homeless explain the state of homelessness
  • Social mobility define and give examples
  • Caste system define and give examples
  • Class system define and give examples
  • Meritocracy define and give examples
  • Davis-Moore thesis define and give examples
  • Blue-collar occupations define and give examples
  • White-collar occupations define and give examples
  • Socioeconomic status define and give examples
  • Halo effect define and give examples

Each group needs to create at least three bullet
points with a real-life example, and one image
that explain your topic. When discussing the
various classes be sure to include a discussion
of health, values, politics, gender and family.
5
What is social inequality?
  • This is when one group receives more advantages
    in a society
  • This becomes tricky in America. We were founded
    as a democracy and our legal system states that
    everyone is equal in the eyes of the law. We
    have also never had a nobility or aristocracy.
  • In the U.S. those with power usually have the
    most wealth. The powerful or wealthy in the U.S.
    usually receive the most schooling, better access
    to quality healthcare, and consume the majority
    of the goods and services in this country.
  • In contrast, those living in poverty in the U.S.
    do not have the same access to healthcare,
    schooling, and the goods services in this
    country.
  • QUESTION Give an example of social inequality
    in this country. In this town.

6
TERMS
  • Income wages or salary from work earnings from
    investments
  • Wealth the total value of an individuals money
    and assets, minus all debt
  • Intragenerational social mobility a change in an
    individuals social position during their lifetime
  • Intergenerational social mobility upward or
    downward social mobility of children in relation
    to their parents

7
Types of Poverty
  • Relative poverty the deprivation of some people
    in relation to those who have more
  • Absolute poverty a deprivation of resources that
    is life threatening
  • Feminization of poverty the trend by which women
    represent an increasing proportion of the poor

8
Income
  • Income is wages or salary from work and earnings
    from investments.
  • Look at Figure 11.1 on pg. 272
  • The 2000 census states that the median (average)
    U.S. Family income was 50,891.
  • Look at the distribution of income the richest
    20 of the country earned 47.4 of the income in
    the U.S.
  • While the poorest 20 only receive 4.3 of the
    income in the U.S.

9
Wealth
  • Wealth is the total value of money and other
    assets, minus outstanding debt
  • QUESTION
  • What are some examples of debt?
  • What are some examples of wealth?
  • Look at figure 11-1
  • The richest 20 of the country have 84 of the
    wealth in the U.S In contrast the poorest 20 of
    the country have -1 of the wealth

10
Power
  • Wealth and power go hand in hand
  • Thomas Jefferson once said that a true democracy
    could not exist if property remained in the hands
    of a small number of families. This was coming
    from a man that was wealthy and owned a great
    deal of property
  • Power also comes with occupational prestige. This
    is how society looks at certain jobs. The higher
    your occupational prestige the higher your
    standing in the community/society.

11
Social stratification and birth
  • Family is usually the point of entry into the
    social system strongly influences schooling,
    occupation, income.
  • On Average, women have less income, wealth,
    occupational prestige than men.
  • White people usually receive better schooling,
    and have a higher job prestige than African
    Americans.
  • Episcopalians Presbyterians have a higher
    social standing than Lutherans Baptists. Jews
    also have a high social standing.

12
Upper Class
  • Upper class- children attend private schools,
    very high prestige of college/ university. Study
    in liberal arts rather than vocational skills.
  • Lower Upper class- work for their money, most do
    not gain entry to clubs and associations of old
    money families.
  • Old money- Inherited
  • New money- earned

13
Middle Class
  • Health-
  • Tends to have good health care.
  • We tend to be able to afford insurance.
  • Values-
  • Tends to have more religious values.
  • Tends to not care about how much money people
    have.
  • Politics-
  • Tends to be more conservative/Republican
  • Family-
  • High family ties
  • Gender-
  • Generally both parents have to work.

14
Working class and Lower Class
  • Many lower class people are found in the inner
    city.
  • 1/3 the population is in the working class.
  • The working class mixes within the lower class
    because they both live in lower cost
    neighborhoods.
  • Working class people are less likely to attend
    college.
  • Lower class people tend to be more liberal,
    pushing to expand the government.

15
Social mobility
  • Mobility is the change in society on the actions
    of the people
  • Race-the minority and status is spreading out
    more and some racial differences are getting
    along better
  • Gender isnt really a problem except for the few
    who still think women are not equal to men
  • Some of the myths say social mobility is small
    within 1 generation. Most classes have limited
    movement within 1 class.
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