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Quality Assurance in Higher Education

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Title: Quality Assurance in Higher Education


1
Quality Assurance in Higher Education
  • Accreditation procedures in Business
    Administration
  • Prof. Dr. Burghard Hermeier
  • 6th May 2005

2
  • FOM at a glance
  • National Accreditation Standards
  • International Accreditation Standards
  • Success Factors in Accreditation Projects

3
FOM at a glance
4
What is FOM?
Germanys leading private Higher Education
Institution of the Business Community for
employees
More than 6000 Students in Germany and abroad
today
Start of lectures 137 freshmen in Essen
1994
Foundation of FOM national recognition
1993
5
Number of Students
6
Accreditation Procedure by Wissenschaftsrat
and FIBAA
  • In 2004 FOM was accredited by the
    Wissenschaftsrat the highest council in Germany
    responsible for quality assurance in Higher
    Education FOM was complimented especially on its
    institutional management as well as on the high
    commitment of teaching staff in attending to
    students
  • The study programmes Diplom-Kaufmann (FH)
    business administration and Diplom-Informatiker
    (FH) computer scientist in 2003 were
    evaluated by the external Accrediting Agency
    FIBAA (www.fibaa.de). Results good to very
    good.
  • In 2003, also the study programme MBA Master of
    Business Administration was evaluated by FIBAA
    (www.fibaa.de) Result Very good to excellent

Foundation for International Business Administrati
on Accreditation 
7
Locations
Locations
planned
Berlin Bochum Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen F
rankfurt Gütersloh Hamburg Köln Marl München Neuss
Siegen
Bremen Nürnberg
ltltNeue Kartegtgt
FOM abroad
China Langfang (Provinz Hebei) Taian (Provinz
Shandong)
8
International Partners
Avans Plus Breda, Niederlande
Shandong Agricultural University Taian, China
Akademy of the National Bank of the Ukraina,
Lwiw
Pfeiffer University, Charlotte, USA
Shanxi University of Finance
Economics, Taiyuan, China
Nekrassow-Universität Kostroma, Russland
Technische Universität Sofia, BG
9
National Accreditation Standards (Germany)
10
Function and aim of accreditation
  • Quality assurance in the new foundation of
    universities or the reorganization of traditional
    study programmes to Bachelor and Master
    programmes or the new introduction of such
    programmes
  • Awarding the seal of approval of the
    Accreditation Council as seal of quality
  • Consumer protection (students and employers)
  • Transparency through publication of results
  • European/ international comparability

11
Accreditation in Germany
Accreditation Council (Committee of the
Wissenschaftsrat) Members - 4
university representatives, - 4 state
representatives, - 5 professional
representatives, - 2 student
representatives, - 2 international
representatives
Accreditation of institutions
6 Accreditation agencies ACQUIN, AHPGS, ASIIN,
AQAS, FIBAA, ZEVA
Accreditation of study programmes
12
Accreditation Council and Accreditation Agencies
  • Accreditation Council
  • awards time-limited entitlement to German
    accreditation agencies to undertake
    accreditations and award the seal of quality of
    the accreditation council
  • guarantees fair competition among the agencies
  • periodically reaccredits agencies
  • But Accreditation procedures will carried out
    exclusively by the agencies !

13
The importance of Accreditation
With accreditation it is established in a
standardized and objectifiable procedure that a
study programme corresponds to the minimum
requirement in terms of specialist content and
professional practise.
  • The Accreditation Agencies award the seal of the
    Accreditation Council
  • That seal of quality can be used by the higher
    education institutions. It insures transparency
    and provides certainty
  • In the near future the results of accreditation
    procedures will be the basis for a ranking of
    Higher Education Institutions

14
Significance of accreditation seal of approval
  • The study programme bearing the seal of the
    Accreditation Council meets (if necessary, after
    fulfilment of conditions) the following
    requirements
  • Submission of a coherent study system concept
  • Agreement with the common state structural
    prescriptions of the Culture Ministers
    Conderence
  • Modularization as well as the application of
    ECTS
  • Award of a Diploma Supplement
  • proven professional relevance
  • These properties have been tested within the
    framework of an appraisal prcedure by means of a
    specially assembled appraisal group (peer review)

15
Sequence of an accreditation procedure
  • University applies for accreditation
  • 2. University creates its own documentation
  • 3. Appraisal group is nominated
  • 4. On-site peer review
  • 5. Appraisal report is created
  • 6. If needed Statement of the university
  • 7. Statement of specialist committee
  • 8. Accreditation decision
  • ? approx. 6 month from handing in own
    documentation to accreditation decision

16
Components of Accreditation
Appraisal procedure
Implementation -Existence -Plausibility -Appropria
teness of Resources / Organization
Concept -Existence -Plausibility -Coherence -Trans
parency
Quality- management
Aims -Existence -Transparency -Validity
Appraisal result / Appraisal report
Recommendations to the Accreditation Commission
Accreditation
Conditional Accreditation
Deferment
Rejection
Duration of validity 3 5 years
17
Reasons for conditions (examples)
  • Incomplete modularization of the study
    programme, faulty / incomplete application of
    ECTS
  • No issue of a Diploma Supplement
  • Individual rectifiable dissonances in the study
    programme concept that can be removed within
    foreseeable period

18
Reasons for deferment (examples)
  • Discrepancy between study programme title and
    content
  • Dissonance in study programme concept
  • Insufficient resources to guarantee the existence
    of the programme offered for the accreditation
    period
  • Shortage / absence of practise orientated
    qualifications for subsequent professional life

19
Requirements checked during the accre- ditation
procedure for a study programme
Example University of Applied Sciences at
Cologne Bachelor International Business
20

21
(No Transcript)
22
International Accreditation Standards
23
AACSB and EQUIS
  • AACSB
  • Focus on Degree Programmes
  • 1) Eligibility
  • 2) Mentoring Development
  • 3) Self Evaluation
  • 4) Peer Review
  • EQUIS
  • Institutional Accreditation
  • 1) Eligibility
  • 2) Self Assessment
  • 3) Peer Review
  • 4) Guided Development
  • Eligibility
  • Institutional Criteria
  • National Standing
  • International Dimension

24
The EQUIS Criteria Framework
CORPORATE CONNECTIONS

Executive Education
Programme Quality
CONTEXT
STUDENTS
PHYSICAL
Personal Development
AND
AND
FACULTY
RESOURCES
MISSION
PARTICIPANTS
Research Development
Contribution to the community
INTERNATIONAL ISSUES
25
EQUIS Accreditation Process
End
Strategic Advice
No
0. Inquiry
1. Application
2. Eligibility
Yes
3. Self-Assessment
4. Peer Review
5. Awarding Body
Ready
EQUIS Accredited
Yes
No
Not ready
6. Guided Development
26
EQUIS Objectives
  • To Provide an Instrument for Comparison and
    Benchmarking
  • To Promote a Shared Vision of Quality Standards
    Convergence upon best practice without
    sacrificing diversity
  • To Accelerate Quality Improvement in
    international management education
  • To Provide Market Information
  • To Establish an Accreditation Process through the
    Award of a European Quality Label


27
Success Factors
  • Preparation
  • Long Term Accreditation Strategy
  • Professional Project Time Management
  • Task Force vs. Broad Participation
  • Peer Reviews Audits
  • Professional Event Management
  • Research
  • Last Minute Coaching (Staff, Students, ..)
  • Image Transfer through Partner
  • Open Questions Management
  • After Accreditation Management
  • Issue Management

28
Questions Answers
Questions Answers
29
EQUIS Management System

Board
EQUIS Awarding Body
EQUIS Committee
EQUIS
efmd
EQUAL
30
AACSB
  • AACSB Eligibility 21 Standards
  • Strategic Management Standards
  • Participants Standards (Students and Faculty)
  • Assurance of Learning Standards

31
International Criteria
  • Three Key Dimensions
  • 1) Quality up to International Standards
  • 2) International Recognition
  • 3) Degree of Internationalisation

32
The EQUIS Accreditation Process
  • Application
  • Eligibility
  • Institutional Criteria
  • National Standing
  • International Dimension
  • Self-Assessment
  • International Peer Review
  • Decision by the Awarding Body
  • Guided Development (optional when applicable)

33
Stage 0 Inquiry
  • First Contact Generic Interest
  • Information and Preliminary Advice on EQUIS
  • Information on efmd membership

Stage 1 Application
  • Standard package of EQUIS documents sent
  • Formal Application and Data Sheet received
  • On-site Briefing Visit

34
Stage 2 Eligibility
  • Decision by EQUIS Committee
  • Determine if the institution has a reasonable
    prospect of achieving accreditation within 5
    years
  • Identify problem areas
  • Help School assess gap in relation to EQUIS
    standards
  • Outcomes
  • Eligible (Go to Stage 3)
  • Unconditionally
  • With a clear indication of the risks
  • Not eligible
  • EQUIS offers strategic advice

35
Stage 3 Self-Assessment
  • Preparation of Self-Assessment Report
  • Assistance by EQUIS
  • Preparation of Peer Review Visit

36
Stage 4 Peer Review Visit
  • International Peer Review
  • - 4-member team

1 Academic representing the local environment
2 Academics from different countries 1 Corporate
representative
- 3-day visit Assessment of the whole
institution - Drafting of a report
…/...
37
Stage 4 Peer Review Visit
  • Outcomes
  • Peer Review Report
  • Evaluation against the EQUIS criteria
  • Recommendations for future development
  • Requirements for achievement of accreditation
  • Suggestions for improvement
  • The Report may recommend immediate submission to
    the Awarding Body

38
Stage 5 Awarding Body
  • - Full accreditation
  • Reaccreditation in 5 years (Stage 3)
  • Improvement reports
  • Half way
  • Annually
  • - Conditional accreditation
  • Reaccreditation in 3 years (Stage 3)
  • Annual reports
  • - Non accreditation
  • Withdrawal from process (Back to Stage 3, gt2 yrs)
  • Guided development (Stage 6)

39
Stage 6 Guided Development
  • Initiating a development plan (EQUIS Adviser)
  • Strategy
  • Resources
  • Action plan
  • Time frame
  • Guided development package
  • Annual report
  • Annual visit (1 day)
  • Additional a la carte
  • The EQUIS Directors will advise the School on
    when to make a second application for
    accreditation (Stage 3)

40
Practicality through cooperation
Vom Großkonzern bis zum Familienbetrieb...
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