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Concepts of Multiculturalism

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Liberal (natural equality, lack of opportunities, decontextualisation, depolitisation) but procedural liberalism vs communitarian liber. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Concepts of Multiculturalism


1
Unit 2
  • Concepts of Multiculturalism

2
Multiculturalism
  • Descriptive
  • Normative- see bellow
  • Government policy
  • (Canada, Australia)
  • Institutional policies
  • (UK racial equality, CERES)
  • See Unit 4

3
Multiculturalism cont.
  • Conservative (diversity as a deficit, communit.)
  • Left essentialist (Afrocentrism, also communit.)
  • Liberal (natural equality, lack of opportunities,
    decontextualisation, depolitisation)
  • but procedural liberalism vs communitarian
    liber. Kis, Taylor, Kymlicka (see also politics
    of recognition)
  • Pluralist - salad bowl (exoticism, affirmation)
    vs melting pot

4
Multiculturalism cont.
  • Critical MC (Frankfurt School, power,
    emancipation, soc. justice, self reflection)
  • Antiracist (life chances - CERES)
  • Reflexive (Ali Ratansi Derrida Giddens)
  • Cosmopolitan
  • Ethnicity as habitus (Bourdieu)
  • Hybridity (H. Bhabha, Paul Gilroy, St. Hall)
    rooting vs shifting
  • (see S. May, P. McLaren, etc)

5
Multiculturalism cont.
  • V. Parrillo three models of minority
    integration
  • Assimilation (majority- comformity)
  • Amalgamation (melting pot)
  • Accommodation (pluralism) (multiculturalism)
  • Multiculturalism diversity cooperation
  • Parillo, 1997

6
Multiculturalism cont.
  • Eva Sobotka policies twds the Roma in CEE
  • Exclusion
  • Assimilation
  • Co-existence
  • Multiculturalism
  • Sobotka 2003

7
Multicultural Policy target groups/requirements
  • Indigenous (Nunavat, Sami)
  • National minorities (Canada, Europe)
  • Legal immigrants (USA, Australia)
  • Irregular illegal immigrants denizens/metics
  • AfroAmericans
  • Roma, Ch. Jews, Amish, etc
  • See Unit 3
  • Kymlicka
  • stages communitarian, liberal, nation building

8
Multiculturalism cont.
  • Integration, inclusion, inclusive education
  • Intercultural vs multiculrural
  • Politics of redistribution,
  • of recognition (Frazer)
  • politics of equal dignity (Autonomy)
  • politics of difference (Authenticity) (Taylor)
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