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Tens of millions of cultural digital objects available through Europeana: how can they be used by schools?

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Advocated creation of a virtual European library ... LIBER. MICHAEL. KB. ICOM Europe. CERL. INA. BA. 9. Thematic Network: Europeana.Net (2007-9) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Tens of millions of cultural digital objects available through Europeana: how can they be used by schools?


1
Tens of millions of cultural digital objects
available through Europeana how can they be
used by schools?
  • EMINENT Conference, Rome
  • 5 December 2008
  • Rob Davies,
  • Scientific Co-ordinator
  • EuropeanaLocal

2
Digital Libraries Initiative (DLI)http//ec.europ
a.eu/information_society/activities/digital_librar
ies/index_en.htm
  • Flagship project of i2010
  • Letter by six Heads of State and Government to
    the European Commission (2005)
  • Advocated creation of a virtual European library
  • Aiming to make Europes cultural and scientific
    records accessible to all
  • Positive response from the Commission
  • Outline strategy Communication "i2010 Digital
    Libraries"
  • Communication on access to scientific
    information in the digital age (2007)

3
Focus of the DLI
  • Make Europe's rich and diverse cultural and
    scientific heritage easier and more interesting
    to use online
  • for work, leisure and/or study
  • books, films, maps, photographs, music, etc
  • combine multicultural and multilingual
    environments with technological advances and new
    business models
  • Two strands
  • Cultural heritage
  • build a common European Digital Library
  • Scientific heritage
  • ensure current and future access for research and
    innovation purposes (HE DRIVER)
  • EU Vision access, digitisation, preservation
  • Promote competences

4
  • For the users it is not important whether the
    sources of knowledge and experience are kept by
    archives, libraries or museums, but to get access
    to the sources they want, and to be able to use
    these sources across types of sources and sectors
    of institutions.

5
Predecessor infrastructural projects
  • TEL (The European Library)
  • Collaborative platform of 48 CENL national
    libraries
  • Managed by The European Library Office, KL
    Netherlands
  • Object level, standardised metadata,
    multilingual access
  • Sequence of projects ((IST, eContentplus) 2003-
  • Each bringing in more national libraries and
    advancing technically
  • Metadata/catalogue records link to digital
    objects
  • MICHAEL/MICHAELPLus (2004-8)
  • Driven mainly by Ministries of Culture
  • e-Ten
  • Access to collection descriptions - link to
  • Research projects (FP6/ICT)
  • DELOS, BRICKS, QVIZ and more

6
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7
The roadmap to a European Digital Library
  • End of 2006 full collaboration among EU National
    Libraries
  • From 2007 collaboration to be expanded to
    Archives, Museums and Audiovisual Archives
  • November 2007 EDL Foundation in place
  • major European associations of archives,
    audiovisual archives, museums and libraries as
    founders
  • 2008 2 million books, films, photographs,
    manuscripts, and other cultural works accessible
    through prototype (was actually 3.5 million)
  • At least 6 million works by 2010 (will be
    exceeded)

8
EDL Foundation
9
Europeana
  • Thematic Network Europeana.Net (2007-9)
  • Large scale voluntary effort
  • Led by KB, Netherlands
  • Establish trust between the institutions
  • Create organisational structure for Europeana
  • Huge EC commitment (eContentplus, ICT PSP, FP)
  • Tackle domain interoperability issues (standards)
  • Item or object level
  • Prototype
  • digitised content
  • timeline based discovery, faceted browsing,
    personalisation
  • launched to Council of Ministers 19/20 November
  • huge demand, crashed on first day, to be
    relaunched mid-December

10
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11
Content infrastructure
  • Support sensible levels of aggregation (digital
    libraries, national cultural portals etc) for
    harvesting
  • vary variable starting points across Europe
  • Implement Europeana specifications and tools
  • harvesting OAI-PMH compliant repositories
  • map existing metadata to Europeana Metadata
    Application Profile
  • identify easy processes/tools for transforming
    metadata
  • local vocabularies SKOSified to enrich
    semantics
  • objects remain on original sites

12
(No Transcript)
13
EuropeanaLocal (2008-11)
  • Best Practice Network
  • improve interoperability of digital content held
    by regional and local museums, libraries and
    archives
  • prove the value of local/regionally sourced
    content
  • large-scale pilot implementation 27 countries
  • 200 collections
  • estimated 20 mill items identified initially
  • Local content for integrated Europeana prototype
    service
  • treasures held at local or regional level
  • local collections held by libraries, museums and
    archives
  • visual material high in the mix
  • public domain cultural records held by archives
    etc.
  • Promote content contribution from local
    users/communities
  • more digitisation needed for representation of
    all localities

14
Europeana content holders
15
EuropeanaLocal types of partner
  • EDLFoundation
  • 1 Ministry of Culture (as aggregators of local
    content)
  • 2 national libraries ()
  • 2 national museums ()
  • 3 national cultural agencies ()
  • 5 regional cultural authorities
  • 7 public libraries
  • 1 local museum
  • 1 research foundation
  • 1 regional digital library provider
  • 7 private sector organisations

16
Open Archive Initiative
17
Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE)
  • Metadata defined to match specific functionality
    of prototype
  • Mixture of simple DC plus some qualifiers 2 new
    elements
  • User tag public tags created by registered
    users
  • No full Europeana application profile proposed
    yet
  • data used with existing schemas
  • TEL application profile, DC (simple, qualified),
    MODS,METS. EAD,
  • mapping and conversion done centrally at
    Europeana for prototype
  • Longer term scalabiity prognosis
  • will require decentralisation
  • automation of metadata conversion either at
    aggregator or central level
  • unmissable opportunity for Europe-wide
    interoperability

18
Metadata enrichment
Mainly manually entered but also process text to
look for person names
Difficult to get disambiguous temporal metadata
but possible
Similar technology as is applied by search
engines, extracting keywords and assigning
relevance according to frequency
Coverage is specified in any number of ways such
as geographical names, administrative entities
and coordinates. Need geo-metadata
19
Future .
  • Europeana VI delivers first release early 2010
  • Institutions/aggregators use ESE till then
  • Integrate complementary infrastructure and
    standards
  • Object Modelling, Semantics, RSS/ATOM, Language,
    Place/geography, Social networks, Collection
    identification, Persistent identifiers
  • Rights expression (C20 black hole)
  • Sustainability plan/business model
  • Annual cost projection 2010 onwards 3.6
    million EUR
  • EC projects national ministries site revenue
    (reuse)

20
OAI-ORE
  • Object Reuse and Exchange (OAI-ORE) specs Oct
    17
  • Object surrogates
  • Leverage core web architecture
  • applications and services that can visualize,
    preserve, transfer, summarize, and improve access
    to the aggregations that people use on Web
    daily
  • Potentially interactive not just one way like
    OAI-PMH
  • Enriched metadata available in return to content
    suppliers
  • Run in parallel with OAI-PMH

21
Re-use of Europeana content
  • Make content available to other service providers
  • tourism
  • education (formal, non-formal e.g. museums)
  • family history
  • humanities research
  • publishing/media industries
  • through other search engines and services on the
    web
  • Commercial and non-commercial re-users
  • Income stream needed for sustainability
  • what is the value added by Europeana worth?

22
ICT PSP Workprogramme 2009
  • Objective 2.5 Use of cultural material for
    education
  • Funding instrument - Pilot B
  • January 2009 call date, May 2009 deadline
  • Improve availability and relevance of cultural
    content for lifelong learning use in
    multicultural/multilingual contexts
  • Better exploitation of cultural heritage by
    education systems
  • Used by pupils and students in everyday learning
    activities
  • Content which is included/to be included in
    Europeana
  • critical mass to demonstrate impact
  • Identify quantity and quality of content
  • Deal with rights/IPR

23
Europeana-LRE interaction?
  • Search service which educators can use to
    identify useful content (objects, packaged
    content)
  • Segmented/curated to assist the teacher
  • Curriculum relevance? (Who, What, Where, When)
  • Travels well
  • Quality/rights
  • How would LRE ingest metadata?
  • Harvesting/reharvesting infrastructure?
  • RSS channels
  • APIs
  • Metadata enrichment for educational use
  • Curriculum vocabularies, Learning Object
    specifics
  • Sustainability
  • Culture24 (UK) funded by the DoE to provide
    service for schools 

24
  • www.europeana.eu
  • www.europeanalocal.eu
  • rob.davies_at_mdrpartners com
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