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POWER GENERATION PLAN VISION 2030

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POWER GENERATION PLAN VISION 2030 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POWER GENERATION PLAN VISION 2030


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POWER GENERATION PLAN VISION 2030
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REMOTE VILLAGE ELECTRIFICATION PLAN VISION 2030
  • Under the Remote Village Electrification
    Programme, the first 400 villages (54000 homes)
    will be electrified through Wind and Solar
    sources by 2010.

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IDENTIFIED WIND ENERGY POTENTIAL
  • Pakistan has excellent sites to exploit wind
    energy. Coastal areas of Sindh have been
    identified having wind power potential of 50,000
    MW.

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ALTERNATE (WIND) ENERGY DEVELOPMENT GOAL - 2030
Wind Power Development Goal
9,700 MW by year 2030
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ALTERNATE (WIND) ENERGY DEVELOPMENT GOAL - 2030
  • More than 5 of electricity supply needed in 2030
    will be generated by Alternate Energy (specially
    Wind)
  • Scotland produces 20 electricity from renewable
    resources.
  • By 2011 they will produce 30 electricity from
    RE.
  • By 2020, Scotland will produce 50 electricity
    from RE.

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INVESTMENT REQUIRED TO MEET 2030 WIND ENERGY
GOALS
  • Wind energy projects are expensive and require
    2 million approx. for generating one Megawatt
    electricity.
  • Total investment of approx. 20 billion would be
    needed to generate 9700 MW which is less than 20
    of identified potential.
  • If we exploit only half of the available
    potential of wind energy, the investment would be
    over 50 billion.

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PRESENT STATUS OF WIND PROJECTS
  • LOI issued to 91 companies for estimated power
    generation of around 4500 Megawatt.
  • First lot of Wind Turbines capable of producing 6
    MW electricity is under installation /
    commissioning.

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TYPES OF WIND TURBINES
1. HORIZONTAL AXIS WIND TURBINES
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TYPES OF WIND TURBINES
2. VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINES
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SIZE OF WIND TURBINES
  • UTILITY TURBINES
  • From 100 KW to several Megawatt.
  • 2. SMALL TURBINES (OFF GRID)
  • Below 100 KW

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BROAD CATEGORIES OF WIND TURBINE COMPONENTS
1. MECHANICAL COMPONENTS
1.1 Tower 1.2 Nacelle 1.3 Rotor 1.4 Gear
Box 1.5 Yaw Drive 1.6 Break Assembly 1.7 Assemb
ly of Turbine
2. ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
2.1 Generator 2.2 Cables
3. INSTRUMENTATION
3.1 Control System
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COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES OF WIND TURBINES
Blade
Gear Box
Generator
Rotor Assy
Slew Ring (Yaw Drive)
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COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES OF WIND TURBINES
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MAJOR COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES
  • ROTOR - 1.1 Blades, 1.2 Hub
  • SHAFTS - 2.1 Low speed, 2.2 High speed
  • GEAR BOX- For turbines 10 KW and above capable to
    increase rotational speed of 30 RPM to 1500
    RPM
  • GENERATOR / ALTERNATOR
  • YAW DRIVE GEARS SHAFTS
  • NACELLE HOUSING

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MAJOR COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES
7. TOWER 7.1. Pipe Tower (Tilt up) small
Turbines upto 1 KW
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MAJOR COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES
7 TOWER 7.2. Guyed Tower
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MAJOR COMPONENTS SUB ASSEMBLIES
7 TOWER 7.3 Self supporting Tower Utility
Turbine
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LOCALIZATION OF WIND TURBINE
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LOCAL MANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES
ELECTRICAL / INSTRUMENTATION
Generator Control System
Many companies dealing in these products are
available in the country. Generators and controls
for small turbines can be immediately
manufactured. However, for generators required
for utility turbines, these companies will
require to augment their existing
facilities. Prominent companies are Heavy
Electrical Complex, PECO, Siemens, PEL, Climax
etc.
MECHANICAL MANUFACTURING
Towers and Nacelles
Several companies spread across the Country are
capable of producing high quality welded and non
welded steel structure and pressure vessels. Many
companies are ASME qualified. These include HMC,
DESCON, PECO, KSEW, PMTF and many more. They can
easily manufacture Towers and Nacelles without
further investment in their existing facilities.
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GEAR BOX, YAW DRIVE, ROTOR BRAKE
PMTF has following manufacturing facilities
FACILITIES
1. PRODUCT DESIGNING
Computer Aided Design (CAD)
2. MACHINING
  • Turning Conventional, NC, and CNC
  • Milling Conventional and CNC

    Spline Milling, and Thread Milling
  • Drilling Conventional and Deep Hole
    Drilling
  • Boring Jig Boring, Vertical and
    Horizontal Boring
  • Shaping / Planing Conventional
  • Broaching Plain and
    Splined Bores
  • Gearing Shaping, Hobbing,
    Teeth
  • Grinding Shaving, St. Bevel
  • and Spiral Bevel Generation
  • Cold Rolling Spline Rolling
  • Grinding Centerless, Cylindrical,
    Angular
  • Internal
    and Surface

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FACILITIES
3. FORGING
Free Forging Die Forging
Drop Hammers upto 3000 kg, Presses,
Furnaces and Shot Blasting Machines
4. DIE CASTING
Pressure Die Casting
Machines upto locking force 700 M.
Ton
5. HEAT TREATMENT
Normalizing, Tempering, Gas Carborising,
Nitriding, Induction Hardening, Flame Hardening
6. SURFACE TREATMENT
Bright Chrome Plating, Cadmium Plating, Nickel
Plating, Hard Chrome, Electro-Galvanising,
Anodizing, Phosphating, Sand Shot Blasting
7. MATERIAL TESTING
Mechanical, Chemical, Metallographic
17-Nov-09
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FACILITIES
8. TOOL DESIGN (CAPABILITY)
Computer Aided Design (CAD)
  • For Dies, Jigs Fixtures, Cutting Tools,
    Measuring Gauges etc.

9. TOOL ROOM (Facilities)
Die Sinking, Spark Erosion, Jig Boring,
Sharpening, Template Grinding
10. QUALITY ASSURANCE
Quality Checking Devices including Coordinate
Measuring Machine, Gear Profile Testing Machine,
Metrology Lab, etc.
11. TRAINING
Training for Apprentices in all trades relevant
to Precision Engineering.
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PRODUCTS
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RANGE OF TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS
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RANGE OF TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS
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CNC TURNING CENTRE LC3
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CNC LATHE C4N
Economical Solution
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CNC MILLING MACHINE
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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LOCAL DEVELOPMENT OF WIND
TURBINES
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