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Introduction to Horticultural Therapy

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Title: Introduction to Horticultural Therapy


1
Introduction toHorticulturalTherapy
  • NEW YORK BOTANICAL GARDEN
  • Charles A. Sourby MS Ed. HTR/CTRS
  • 11/17/2009

2
The People-Plant Connection
3
The People-Plant Connection
  • Plants and gardening can be part of all programs
    that strive to improve the quality of life.
  • Plants provide appealing, adaptable ways to
    transform the environment that we live and work
    in.

4
The People-Plant Connection
  • Horticulture and gardening is a popular leisure
    activity that offers opportunities for
    socialization.
  • Is an enjoyable experience that renews enthusiasm
    for living.

5
The People-Plant Connection
  • A developed Horticultural Therapy program
    provides the tools for
  • increased physical activity
  • increased social activity
  • increased cognitive functioning
  • increased relatedness to the Natural
  • world

6
The People-Plant Connection
  • Horticultural therapy activities enrich and
    expand lifes experiences.
  • Horticulture activities can facilitate clinical
    goals
  • While adding to the individual's capacity for
    enjoyment.

7
The People-Plant Connection
  • Research has shows that involvement in
    therapeutic horticulture programs maintains or
    improves life satisfaction or the quality of life
    of participants.
  • Kansas State University
  • Rusk Institute
  • Calvary Hospital
  • Palliative Care Institute

8
Goals
  • To create an environment conducive to social
    interaction and increased life satisfaction.
  • To foster a beneficial relationship between the
    participants and the community
  • Leading to a better understanding of
    social/cultural and leisure needs of any
    particular group.

9
Goals
  • To provide the opportunity for engaging in a new
    or previously acquired hobby or interest adapted
    to the limitations of the participant.
  • To maintain or improve the physical health of the
    participants.

10
Goals
  • To encourage social interaction through
    participation.
  • To provide opportunities that allow for
    individual self expression.

11
Benefits
  • Exercises the eyes through visual scanning,
    seeing near far, and improves seeing spatial
    relationships
  • Provides practice in eye hand coordination

12
Benefits
  • Learn to see differences in size, color, shapes
    textures
  • Exercises hands, fingers, arms, and upper body
  • Fosters involvement in physical activity when
    nothing else will

13
Benefits
  • Pleasure is derived from our senses
  • seeing smelling, feeling and tasting
  • Motivates us to use adaptive equipment as it is
    needed

14
Benefits
  • Provides pleasurable physical activity to those
    with physical disabilities or sensory impairments
    who may wish to enjoy gardening

15
Benefits
16
Intellectual Benefits
  • Teaches new skills techniques in horticulture
  • Increases interest
  • Stimulates understanding of abstract concepts
  • Time, growth, change death

17
Intellectual Benefits
  • Increases awareness of the living world
  • Exercises our minds in terms of memory logic

18
Intellectual Benefits
  • Promotes a can-do attitude
  • Leads toward anticipation of future events
  • Lifts the spirit of those who have lost a sense
    of purpose or hope and provides an element of
    control

19
Intellectual Benefits
  • Gives us practice in following directions
  • Improves attention span
  • Learn about needs for life
  • Requirements, interdependence, energy,
  • Diversity, population, species

20
Affective Benefits
  • Increases self-esteem and self-confidence
  • Satisfies our need to be nurturing and caring

21
Affective Benefits
  • Opportunities to be creative and self expressive
  • Develops a sense of responsibility and
    accomplishment

22
Social Benefits
  • Improves social skills, self esteem, and
    confidence
  • Promotes interaction by developing a common
    interest that presents challenges that can be
    shared

23
Social Benefits
  • Provides endless topics for discussion where
    opinions can be freely expressed
  • on an equal level, as one gardener to another
  • Motivates cooperation among groups

24
Social Benefits
25
Social Benefits
  • Promotes healthy interdependence
  • Increases leadership possibilities

26
Social Benefits
  • People First Philosophy
  • Promotes the sharing of fond childhood memories

27
Financial Benefits
  • Employment possibility
  • Learn skills for full/part-time work in business
    or sheltered workshop
  • Development of skills in sales and finances

28
Financial Benefits
  • Increased time management skills
  • Opportunities to meet the public
  • Budget planning

29
Financial Benefits
  • Low cost food/decorations/gifts
  • Can be a partially self supporting program
  • Horticultural Therapy grants

30
The Therapist As Teacher
  • The Horticultural Therapist
  • Excites the participants while providing an
    active, stimulating, educational transfer
  • that seeks to stimulate natural curiosity
  • Wants to develop an awareness
  • appreciation, and an affinity for living things.

31
The Garden
  • Accessible
  • Relaxing
  • Educational
  • Inviting

32
The Garden
33
Getting Around the Garden
  • Paths surfaces paved area must be smooth,
    level firm
  • Provide good traction at all times
  • Ramps must not exceed 5 grade
  • Handrails may be needed
  • Proper width of paths

34
Getting Around
  • Provide direct routes through the garden
  • Paths shall have a sharp contrast at the edge
  • Provide a large gathering area
  • Reduce glare and heat absorption

35
Getting Around
36
Getting Around
  • Soft surface options
  • Turf
  • Wood chips
  • Packed soil-unacceptable
  • Crushed stone-gravel
  • Low cost
  • Good drainage
  • Requires excavation to 6

37
Getting Around
  • Number 9 screenings
  • excellent choice for paths
  • Hard surface options
  • Concrete-dries out, can be colored
  • Asphalt-absorbs heat
  • Loose pavers
  • Allow for interesting designs, warmth character

38
Getting Around
  • Brick- very versatile
  • Wood-for decking adds a natural feel
  • Recycled rubber foot paths

39
Enabling Garden Structures
  • Raised beds
  • Customize soil height
  • Contain large area of soil to increase plant
    diversity
  • Less frequent watering
  • Durable
  • Warms up quickly in the spring
  • Can raise short plants to eye level
  • Should be 30 wide for reaching to back

40
Raised Beds
41
Enabling Garden Structures
  • Home made containers
  • Box chains on walls
  • Trellis box
  • Table planters

42
Enabling Garden Structures
  • Manufactured Containers
  • Accessibility
  • Durability
  • Weight
  • Appearance
  • Cost

43
Enabling Garden Structures
44
Enabling Garden Structures
45
Enabling Garden Structures
46
Enabling Garden Structures
  • Manufactured Containers
  • Cedar
  • Whiskey barrels
  • Self-watering plastic
  • Flue tiles/drain pipes

47
Enabling Garden Structures
  • Vertical structures
  • Walls and fences
  • Arbors trellises
  • Vertical wall gardens

48
Enabling Garden Structures
49
Enabling Garden Structures
50
Enabling Garden Structures
51
Garden Tools
  • Adapting tools
  • Lightweight
  • Longer handles
  • Smaller blades tool heads
  • Tool handles grips
  • Springs in tools for assistance

52
Garden Tools
  • Types of tools
  • Reaching aids
  • Gripping aids
  • Leverage aids
  • Cutting aids
  • Watering aids
  • General garden helpers

53
Garden Tools
54
Garden Tools
55
Adapting the Plants
  • Emphasize plants with interesting color, scent,
    texture form
  • Choose plants based on amount of maintenance you
    can do
  • Use plants with four-season interest

56
Adapting the Plants
  • Use plants that attract birds, butterflies and
    other wildlife
  • Include edible landscaping
  • Use indigenous plants as much as possible

57
Adapting the Plants
58
Adapting the Plants
  • Select plants that grow well in containers or
    raised beds
  • Select hardy perennials
  • Consider the toxicity of specific plants

59
Types of Plants
  • Vegetables
  • Bulbs
  • Annuals
  • Perennials
  • Ornamental grasses

60
Perennials
61
Perennials
62
Types of Plants
63
Vegetables
64
Ornamental Grasses
65
Types of Plants
  • Vines
  • Herbs
  • Shrubs
  • Trees
  • Fruit trees
  • Dwarf fruit trees

66
Garden Design
  • Choosing a landscape architect
  • Site analysis
  • Equipment
  • Graph paper
  • Drafting table
  • Vellum-transfer paper to make blue prints

67
Garden Design
  • Medium hardness pencils
  • Flexible curve
  • French Curve
  • Templates
  • Compass

68
Five Steps to Garden Design
  • Base information size, location, sun pattern
    etc.
  • Site analysis
  • Checklist of wants needs (wish list)
  • Concept plans
  • Final design

69
Garden Design
  • Architects or engineers scale
  • T-square
  • Imagination

70
Garden Care
  • Watering
  • Materials and requirements
  • Timing
  • Requirements
  • Zones
  • Sprinklers
  • Overhead vs. leaky pipe

71
Garden Care
  • Weeding mulch, mulch, mulch
  • Fertilizing
  • required activity for healthy plants, do not over
    do it
  • Granular water-soluble fertilizers
  • Composting

72
Garden Care
  • Pruning
  • good activity for gardeners, be safety conscious
  • Pest disease control
  • minimize chemical use, avoid accidental
    poisonings
  • Use integrated pest management
  • least toxic, biological, cultural and mechanical
    controls

73
Garden Care
  • Avoid pest prone plants
  • Select plants with built in resistance
  • Use proper cultural methods
  • keep plants healthy
  • Tolerate a few bugs blemishes
  • do not run for the sprayer

74
Garden Care
  • Wear appropriate clothing
  • Follow directions on labels
  • Keep a pest management log

75
Garden Care
  • Fall Winter maintenance
  • Plant protection
  • Mark, stake, fertilize
  • Pruning
  • Woody perennials
  • Mulching
  • Mulch, hay conifer branches
  • Watch for mice

76
Garden Care
  • Spring Summer Maintenance
  • Dead head
  • Pruning
  • Mulching
  • Removing dead materials
  • Watering

77
Seed Starting Trays
78
Whiskey Barrels Containers
79
Wood, Concrete Clay
80
Gradual Curves
81
Leaky Pipe Herbs
82
Steps as a Container Space
83
Maine
84
Maine
85
Monsignor Murray Garden
86
Monsignor Murray Garden
87
Monsignor Murray Garden
88
Monsignor Murray Garden
89
Monsignor Murray Garden
90
Monsignor Murray Garden
91
Monsignor Murray Garden
92
Monsignor Murray Garden
93
Hebrew Hospital Home
94
Hebrew Hospital Home
95
Hebrew Hospital Home
96
Calvary Hospital
97
Calvary Hospital
98
Calvary Hospital
99
Calvary Hospital
100
Calvary Hospital
101
Calvary Hospital
102
Calvary Hospital
103
Calvary Hospital
104
Calvary Hospital
105
Trumpet Vine Butterfly Bush
106
Contemplation
107
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108
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109
ADA 1990
  • Commercial, private settings must make reasonable
    accommodations

110
ADA 1990
  • Accessibility
  • Signs light characters on dark background
  • Curb ramps maximum grade 8.33 other ramps 5
    must be usable
  • Doorways 32
  • Parking 12.5 x 20.5

111
LAWS
  • Section 504 Rehabilitation Act 1973
  • individuals shall not be discriminated against
    solely by reason of handicap

112
LAWS
  • Program Accessibility Act
  • Ramps 8.333 maximum grade
  • Parking Space 12.5 x 20.5
  • Hand rails 32 high
  • Toilet 20 from floor stall at least 36 wide

113
LAWS
  • 94-142 Law (1975)
  • Education for all Handicapped Children Act
  • free and appropriate public education in a least
    restrictive environment (IEP) mandates),
    education can include recreation

114
LAWS
  • Individuals with disabilities Education Act
    (IDEA)
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990
  • Civil rights for people with disabilities, with
    reasonable accommodations in public places
    defines disabilities
  • Advocacy is an important role

115
References
  • Rothert, Gene Laurie Nauffs, The Enabling
    Garden,
  • Taylor Publishing, TX 1993.
  • Sourby, Charles Michaela Byrnes, Therapeutic
    Recreation Certification Study Guide, Therapeutic
    Recreation Directory, WV 1999.

116
NYBG
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