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I. Pre-Civil War--Causes

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I. Pre-Civil War--Causes. 1. Western Lands. Treaty of Paris of 1783. A. Louisiana Purchase ... 'Damn-bargo' (1807) and then the War of 1812 brought about a halt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: I. Pre-Civil War--Causes


1
I. Pre-Civil War--Causes
  • 1. Western Lands

2
Treaty of Paris of 1783
3
A. Louisiana Purchase
  • 1. Purchased by Jefferson

2. More than doubled the size of the U.S.
  • Lewis Clark sent to explore and
  • to find a Northwest Passage
  • Their expedition opened the way for
  • settlement

4
5. How to organize all this land?
5
B. Northwest Territory Land Ordinance of
1787
  • Divided the new lands into territories
  • Provided a democratic model for national
    expansion

6
  • Announced that the U.S. would not only be
    settling west of the original 13 colonies but
    that it would eventually become states.
  • (Treaty of Paris 1763 1783)
  • Accelerated westward expansion (Manifest
    Destiny)

7
2. Industrial Revolution
8
A. Interchangeable Parts Mass Production
  • 1. Interchangeable parts Mass production
  • 2. Jeffersons Damn-bargo (1807) and then the
    War of 1812 brought about a halt in trade
  • 3. They needed goods that didnt need to be
    imported the Industrial Revolution began in the
    U.S.

9
Slaters Mill on the Blackwater River
4. Samuel Slater started the First successful
mechanized Textile factory in America.
10
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B. Cotton Engine or Gin
  • Developed by Eli Whitney in 1793

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  • FYI Rosetta Stone found in 1799

14
C. Cotton Production
  • i. Short-staple cotton vs. long-staple
  • (piedmont vs. tidewater farmers)

Cotton is King
15
ii. Production increased 500 per worker
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iii. The need for slave labor increased
  • Cotton is labor intensiveeven with the cotton
    gin.
  • As demand increased, labor had to increase to
    meet demand.
  • The more cotton you could produce the more money
    you could make.

18
iv. The need for land increased
  • As the demand for cotton increased more and more
    farmers started to grow it and cotton farms
    steadily spread
  • Farmers would grow cotton until their field gave
    out and then move to another field.
  • Because of this, A LOT of land was needed

19
v. Westward Expansion
  • Farmers cant go eastward, so they go west.
  • They run into the frontier and the Northwest Land
    Ordinance
  • Previously semi-deserted territories quickly
    become populated and some are soon ready to apply
    for statehood.

20
3. Missouri Compromise of 1820
21
  • A. Missouri applies for statehood as a slave
    state
  • B. Threatens the balance in congress11 free
    states and 11 slave states already exist
  • C. Henry clay proposes
  • i. Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free
    state
  • ii. Louisiana Territory split above the 36 30
    north latitude slavery is illegal below slavery
    is legalexcept Missouri

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4. Addition of Texas
24
5. Comp. Of 1850
25
a. background
  • I. By 1849 Californias population exceeds
    100,000 people
  • II. Applies as a free state
  • III. Disruption erupts again (most of
    California is below the 36 30 line)
  • IV. Henry Clay thinks he has solved the issue
    forever this time with the 1850 compromisebut it
    isnt passed

26
Compromise
  • I. Proposed by Stephen A. Douglas
  • II. California as a free state
  • III. Utah and New Mexico to decide themselves
    (popular sovereignty)
  • IV. Trading of slavesbut not slaverybanned in
    D.C.
  • V. Stricter fugitive slave law

27
6. Fugitive Slave Laws/Personal Liberty Laws
28
I. Fugitive Slave Laws
  • a. Slaveholders or their agents could seize a
    slave in the North for return
  • b. Slaves were not entitled to a trial by jury
    or to testify on their own behalf
  • c. Federal marshals had to help in the recapture
    of slaves
  • d. Anyone found helping an escaped slave was
    fined 1,000 and/or imprisoned for 6 months.
  • e. Effect increased abolitionist feelings in
    the North.

29
II. Personal Liberty Laws
  • A. Passed in the North to combat the Fugitive
    slave laws
  • B. Forbid state officials from assisting in
    captures
  • C. Activated Abolistionists in the North.
  • Uncle Toms Cabin written by Harriet Beecher
    Stowe

30
7. Influential People
31
I. William Lloyd Garrison
  • A. Published an abolitionist paper in the North
  • Wanted slaves freedthought they were entitled to
    the same rights as all other Americans

32
II. Harriet Tubman
  • One of the lead conductors on the Underground
    Railroad
  • She later became an ardent speaker for the
    abolitionist movement

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