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Civil War Part Two

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Civil War Part Two. Emancipation Proclamation. January 1, 1863 ... Casualties on Both Sides. Civil War Casualties. in Comparison to Other Wars ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil War Part Two


1
Civil War Part Two
2
Emancipation Proclamation
  • January 1, 1863
  • Freed all slaves in the confederacy
  • However very limited
  • Left slavery untouched border states
  • Exempted parts of the Confederacy that had
    already come under Northern control.
  • Most important, the freedom it promised depended
    upon Union military victory.

3
Emancipation in 1863
4
Effects of the EP
  • Discourage Britain from War
  • Confusion in Engine of War
  • No compromise more determination
  • Gave immense symbolic and moral purpose

5
Battle of Gettysburg
  • Turning point of the war
  • Crippled the South
  • Unlikely spot for a bloody battle
  • Gettysburg Address
  • July 1-3, 1863
  • 3 days, 3 different battles
  • Prelude Confederate victory at the Battle of
    Chancellorsville

6
The Road to Gettysburg 1863
7
Gettysburg Day 1
  • Confederates ? Shoes
  • Union forces fall back under furious rebel
    assault
  • Even with a win, Gen. Lee knew he needed to take
    Cemetery Ridge

8
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9
Gettysburg Day Two
  • Gen. Longstreet (C) heads towards Cemetery Ridge
  • Col. Josh Chamberlain (U) heads towards and
    defends Little Round Top
  • Eventually the Union holds their line

10
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11
Gettysburg Day Three
  • Lee feels one more determined attack will break
    the Union defenses
  • Artillery
  • Defense holds firm after furious attacks by the
    Confederates
  • Cavalry surprise attack fails

12
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13
Gettysburg Casualties
14
The Progress of War 1861-1865
15
Battle of Vicksburg
  • July 1-July 3 1863
  • Complete control of Miss. River
  • Diversion- central Mississippi
  • Gen. Grant bombarded the Confederates
  • Last major holdout on Mississippi

16
The War in the West, 1863 Vicksburg
17
Virginia Final Assault
  • William Sherman appointed commander of the
    military division of Mississippi
  • Total War
  • More casualties than Confederates, but does not
    matter. Why?
  • Burn and destroy

18
Shermans March through Georgia to the Sea, 1864
19
Election of 1864
  • Pro-slavery Democrats nominate George McClellan
  • Radical Republicans who want harsher penalties
    for South nominate John Fremont
  • Lincoln changes Republicans to the National Union
    Party
  • Lincoln, I am going to be beaten

20
Presidential Election of 1864
21
Surrender!
  • April 9, 1865
  • Appomattox Court House
  • Terms generous at Lincolns request
  • Confederate soldiers sent home

22
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23
Casualties on Both Sides
24
Civil War Casualties in Comparison to Other Wars
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