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Civil War Battles

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There were more than 2,000 land battles fought during the Civil War. ... Major Anderson soon surrendered and the Civil War had begun. Battle of Antietam. Commanders: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil War Battles


1
Civil War Battles
2
Strategies
  • Confederates
  • Capture Washington, D.C.
  • Seize central Pennsylvania
  • Divide Northwest and Northeast
  • Gain recognition of Confederacys independence
  • Union
  • Capture Richmond, the Confederate capital
  • Blockade the South (Anaconda Plan)
  • Split the Confederacy by gaining control of the
    Mississippi River

3
Anaconda Plan
  • General Winfield Scott designed a plan to smother
    the Souths economy
  • Called for a naval blockade of the Souths
    coastline
  • Also called for the Union to gain control of the
    Mississippi River (split the South in two)

4
  • There were more than 2,000 land battles fought
    during the Civil War.
  • All but two took place in the Confederate States

5
Ft. Sumter
  • Southern states began seceding from the Union and
    started taking over most of the federal forts
    inside their borders
  • Major Robert Anderson attempted to hold on to
    Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina
  • However, his troops ran low on supplies

6
  • President Abraham Lincoln decided to send
    supplies.
  • Confederate leaders responded by attacking the
    fort on April 12, 1861
  • Major Anderson soon surrendered and the Civil War
    had begun

7
Battle of Antietam
  • Commanders
  • Union General McClellan
  • Confederates General Lee
  • September 17, 1862, was the bloodiest one day
    battle in all of American history over 22,000
    American soldiers were killed, wounded or missing
    in action.
  • Fighting happens in three stages beginning at
    dawn and continues for 11 hours until 5 pm
  • Lee retreats and McClellan did not follow and
    missed a chance to finish off the wounded
    Southern army.

8
Union Red Confederate - Blue
  • Casualties by phase
  • Morning phase 12,600
  • Midday phase 5,500
  • Afternoon phase 3,470
  • Total Casualties- 21,570

9
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10
The Battle of Gettysburg July13, 1863
  • Commanders
  • Union General George G. Meade
  • Confederates General Lee
  • The fighting lasted three days.
  • 90,000 Union troops
  • 75,000 Confederate forces
  • The turning point came on July 3, when Lee
    ordered General George Pickett to mount a direct
    attack on the middle of the Union line.
  • This was a deadly mistake.
  • Picketts charge was torn to pieces

11
  • The Confederates retreated and waited for a Union
    counterattack.
  • The Union rejoiced over the victory at Gettysburg
  • The North lost 23,000 and the South 28,000 men
    lay dead or wounded.

12
Seige of Vicksburg
  • Commanders
  • Union General Ulysses S. Grant
  • Confederate Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton
  • July 4 ,1863 General Ulysses S. Grant defeated
    Confederate troops at the Siege of Vicksburg
  • Vicksburg was the last major Confederate
    stronghold on the Mississippi river

13
  • The Union victory fulfilled a major part of the
    Anaconda Plan- with complete control over the
    Mississippi river, the south was split in two
  • With the victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg,
    the tide of war turned in favor of the North.

14
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15
Shermans Total War
  • In March 1864, Lincoln named General Grant
    commander of all the Union armies.
  • Grant developed a plan to defeat the Confederacy
  • Grant went after Lees army in Virginia
  • Union forces would push through the deep south to
    Atlanta and the Atlantic coast. ( William
    Tecumseh Sherman)

16
  • Sherman took Atlanta in Sept. 1864. (Highly
    important to Lincoln)
  • Sherman waged total war a war not only against
    the enemy, but against everything that supported
    the enemy.
  • With Shermans success the Northerners could
    sense victory.
  • In Dec., Sherman will take Savannah and by doing
    so sent Lincoln a Christmas gift.

17
Grants Virginia Campaign
  • Grant and his generals were slowly moving toward
    Richmond.
  • At the Battle of the Wilderness Grant lost over
    17,000 men
  • At Spotsylvania and Cold Harbor the losses were
    tremendous.
  • 1. At Cold Harbor alone the Union forces lost
    7,000 men

18
  • In June 1864, Grants armies arrived at
    Petersburg. (south of Richmond)
  • Grant was unable to break the Confederate
    defense.
  • The 2 sides faced off for 10 months.
  • Lee could not continue to hold off the Union
    forces and on April 3, 1865 the Confederates
    pulled out of Richmond.

19
Weapons
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