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Welcome, one and all! Understanding the Catholic Lectionary for Mass

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Title: Welcome, one and all! Understanding the Catholic Lectionary for Mass


1
Welcome, one and all!Understanding the
Catholic Lectionary for Mass
  • Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.
  • http//catholic-resources.org

2
Understanding the Lectionary
  • 900 Welcome Intros
  • 915 I) Lectionary History Development
  • 1030 Break
  • 1045 II) Liturgical Year Seasons
  • 1200 Lunch
  • 100 III) Lectionary Structure Readings
  • 215 Break
  • 230 IV) Topics of Your Interest?
  • 345 Conclusion
  • 400 Departure

3
I) Lect. History Development
  • 1570 Pope Pius V
  • Two Readings
  • Epistle
  • Gospel
  • (same readings each year
  • almost never from the OT)
  • (for details, see http//www.catholic-resources.or
    g/Lectionary/Overview.htm

4
Vatican Council II
  • The treasures of the Bible are to be opened
    up more lavishly, so that richer fare may be
    provided for the faithful at the table of God's
    word. In this way a more representative portion
    of the holy scriptures will be read to the people
    in the course of a prescribed number of years.
    (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, 51)

5
Lectionary History (cont.)
  • Lectionary for Mass(biblical readings)
  • Sacramentary(texts spoken by the priest)

6
Post-Vatican II Lectionary
  • 1981/1998
  • 1969/1970

7
II) Liturgical Year Overview
  • Whats the most important feast of the Christian
    year?

8
E A S T E R

9
Lent, EASTER, Pentecost
  • Lent Preparatory season of fasting prayer
  • Ash Wednesday to Holy Thursday (40 days?)
  • EASTER Resurrection of Jesus
  • Easter Triduum (3 holy days Thurs. eve Sun.
    eve)
  • Holy Thursday (Last Supper) Good Friday
    (Crucifixion)
  • Easter Vigil (Sat. evening baptism of
    neophytes)
  • Easter Sunday (Sun. after first full moon in
    Spring)
  • Easter Octave (one full week 8 days Sun. to
    Sun.)
  • Easter Season (7 weeks 50 days, till Pentecost)
  • Ascension of the Lord (40th day Thursday or
    6th Sunday)
  • Pentecost Coming of Holy Spirit (Acts 2)

10
CHRISTMASThe Nativityof the Lord

11
Advent, CHRISTMAS, Epiphany
  • Advent Season of preparation waiting
  • begins 4 Sundays before Christmas (rarely 4 full
    weeks)
  • CHRISTMAS Birth/Nativity of Jesus
  • Christmas Eve Day Dec. 24/25
  • Four Masses Vigil, Midnight, Dawn, Day
  • Special Feasts during Christmas Season
  • St. Stephen, St. John Evangelist, Holy Innocents,
    etc.
  • Christmas Octave, Jan. 1 Mary / Naming Jesus /
    World Peace
  • Epiphany Coming of the Magi (Matt 2)
  • Jan. 6 (trad.) or moved to closest Sunday Jan.
    2-8
  • Baptism of the Lord Christmas Season ends

12
Ordinary Time
  • OT I between seasons of Christmas Lent
  • Between 5 and 8 weeks (depends on date of
    Easter)
  • Called Sundays after Epiphany by some other
    Christians
  • OT II after Pentecost to next years Advent
  • Up to 34 weeks (last Sunday called feast of
    Christ the King)
  • Called Sundays after Pentecost by some other
    Christians
  • Other Feasts
  • Lesser Events related to the Life of Jesus
  • Feasts of Mary the Saints
  • Memorials of the Deceased

13
III) Lectionary Structure

14
General Intro to the Lectionary (Second Edition,
1/21/1981)Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments
and Divine Worship
  • Preamble
  • Chapter I General Principles for the Liturgical
    Celebration of the Word of God
  • Part 1 The Word of God in the Celebration of
    Mass
  • Chapter II The Celebration of the Liturgy of the
    Word at Mass
  • Chapter III Offices and Ministries in the
    Celebration of the Liturgy of the Word within
    Mass
  • Part 2 The Structure of the Order of Readings
    for Mass
  • Chapter IV The General Arrangement of Readings
    for Mass
  • Chapter V Description of the Order of Readings
  • Chapter VI Adaptations, Translations, and Format
    of the Order of Readings
  • Endnotes

15
Lectionary Structure Sundays
  • Three Main Readings
  • OT Reading Responsorial Psalm
  • NT Epistles Gospel Acclamation
  • NT Gospel
  • 3-Year Cycle
  • Matthew (2005)
  • Mark (2006)
  • Luke (2007)

16
General Intro to the Lectionary (Second Edition,
1/21/1981)Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments
and Divine Worship
  • Part 2 The Structure of the Order of Readings
    for Mass
  • Chap. IV The General Arrangement of Readings for
    Mass
  • The Pastoral Purpose of the Order of Readings for
    Mass
  • The Principles of Composition of the Order of
    Readings for Mass
  • Principles to Be Followed in the Use of the Order
    of Reading
  • Chap. V Description of the Order of Readings
  • Advent
  • The Christmas Season
  • Lent
  • The Sacred Triduum and the Easter Season
  • Ordinary Time

17
Readings for Liturgical Seasons
  • Season of Advent
  • www.catholic-resources.org/Lectionary/1998USL-Adve
    nt.htm
  • Season of Christmas
  • www.catholic-resources.org/Lectionary/1998USL-Chri
    stmas.htm
  • Season of Lent
  • www.catholic-resources.org/Lectionary/1998USL-Lent
    .htm
  • Season of Easter
  • www.catholic-resources.org/Lectionary/1998USL-East
    er.htm
  • Ordinary Time
  • Year A Year B Year C

18
Readings for the Easter Triduum
Day/Feast 1st Reading 2nd Reading Gospel
Holy Thursday Exod 121-8, 11-14 1 Cor 1123-26 John 131-15
Good Friday Isa 5213 5312 Heb 414-16 57-9 John 181 1942
Easter Vigil 1) Gen 11 22 or 11, 26-31a2) Gen 221-18 (or shorter)3) Exod 1415 1514) Isa 545-145) Isa 551-116) Bar 39-15, 32-447) Ezek 3616-17a, 18-28 Rom 63-11 A) Matt 281-10 B) Mark 161-7 C) Luke 241-12
Easter Sunday Acts 1034a, 37-43 Col 31-4 or1 Cor 56b-8 John 201-9 orLuke 2413-35 (for afternoon Masses)
19
Readings for the Easter Season
Day/Feast 1st Reading 2nd Reading Gospel
Sundays 2-6(Year A) Selections fromActs 2, 2, 2, 6, 8 1 Peter (excerpts) 2) John 2019-31 3) Luke 2413-35 4) John 101-10 5-6) John 14 14 (excerpts)
Sundays 2-6(Year B) Selections from Acts 4, 3, 4, 9, 10 1 John (excerpts) 2) John 2019-31 3) Luke 2435-48 4) John 1011-18 5-6) John 15 15 (excerpts)
Sundays 2-6(Year C) Selections from Acts 5, 5, 13, 14, 15 Revelation (excerpts) 2) John 2019-31 3) John 211-19 4) John 1027-30 5-6) John 13 14 (excerpts)
20
Readings for the Easter Season (cont.)
Day/Feast 1st Reading 2nd Reading Gospel
Ascension Acts 11-11 A) Eph 117-23 B) Eph 41-13 (optional) C) Heb 924-28 1019-23 (opt.) A) Matt 2816-20 B) Mark 1615-20 C) Luke 2446-53
Pentecost Vigil (ABC) Gen 11 or Exod 19 or Ezek 37 or Joel 3 Rom 822-27 John 737-39
PentecostSunday (ABC) Acts 21-11 A) 1 Cor 12 B) Gal 516-25 (optional) C) Rom 88-17 (optional) A) John 2019-23 B) John 1526-27 1612-15 C) John 1414-16, 23b-26
21
The Christian Ritual Meal
  • Biblical Terms
  • Last Supper
  • Lords Supper
  • Breaking of the Bread
  • Eucharist
  • Communion
  • See www.catholic-resources.org/Bible/Eucharist.htm
  • Theological Meaning
  • Is it primarily a Meal? or primarily a
    Sacrifice?
  • Catholic-Christian answer BOTH/AND

22
IV) Topic of Your Interest?
  • Readings for Rituals, Saints, etc.?
  • Readings for the Advent Season?
  • Differences between the Four Gospels?
  • Dei Verbum from Vatican Council II?
  • Other?
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