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Integrating the Chinese Culture and the Western Culture into Curriculum

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The Chinese New Year. The Western culture: Halloween. Thanksgiving Day ... Chinese ... Example: celebrating Chinese new year. Language and culture display on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Integrating the Chinese Culture and the Western Culture into Curriculum


1
Integrating the Chinese Culture and the Western
Culture into Curriculum
  • By Yanyu Zhou
  • Confucius Institute at Maryland
  • April 18, 2008

2
Introduction
  • Research shows that language and culture are
    from the start inseparably connected (Buttjes,
    1990 55, cited in Lessard-Clouston, 1997).
  • Foreign language learning is foreign culture
    learning.
  • Effectively incorporating the teaching of culture
    into the foreign language curriculum is the goal
    for teachers to achieve.

3
What is culture?
  • Duranti (1997 24) defines culture as something
    learned, transmitted, passed down from one
    generation to the next, through human actions,
    often in the form of face-to-face interaction,
    and, of course, through linguistic
    communication.

4
  • Specifically, in Standards for Foreign Language
    Learning in the 21st Century, the term culture
    consists of three components
  • the philosophical perspectives (meaning,
    attitudes, values, and ideas),
  • the behavioral practices (patterns of social
    interactions)
  • the products (books, tools, foods, laws, music,
    and games).
  • These three elements are closed interrelated.

5
  • In todays globalization era, teaching language
    and culture to our children is becoming more
    important than ever before.
  • Cultural understanding is becoming the first
    priority for human being to co-exist.
  • The language learning will foster our students a
    greater understanding and appreciation of world
    cultures.

6
A personal experience of integrating culture into
curriculum
  • 1. Understanding of culture, value, and meaning
    always comes first than the structure and rules
    of the language itself.
  • Language as the primary vehicle for expressing
    cultural perspectives.
  • Only the students understand the culture better,
    can they learn the language better.

7
My first class China and Chinese
  • The one of the oldest countries in the world
  • 5,000 written history
  • Rich culture
  • Beautiful land

8
The Chinese ancestors (600,000 years ago)
9
???-The first Chinese emperor (259-210 B.C.)
10
My hometown Guilin (??)
11
???-The Chinese Dragon
12
??-Beijing opera
13
???-Chinese painting
14
?? -the Chinese School
15
Chinese language one of the beautiful languages
in the world
16
  • 2. Integrate not only the Chinese culture but
    also the Western culture into curriculum
  • Starting language learning from students daily
    life (using childrens familiar cartoon figures
    to create flash cards, learning Chinese through
    games they are playing in their life)

17
  • The special day and big holidays are always the
    best timing and opportunity for children to pick
    up the language.
  • Usually, the special day and holidays represent
    the knowledge of the conventions, customs, and
    beliefs.
  • Since those holidays relate to students real
    life, that inspires students to learn.
  • Learn with fun.

18
  • The Chinese culture
  • The Moon Festival
  • The National Day
  • The Chinese New Year
  • The Western culture
  • Halloween
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Christmas
  • Easter

19
Merry Christmas!
  • Make beautiful flash cards.
  • Sing a song Jungle Bell.
  • Have a Christmas party.

20
??? ???? ??? Christmas Santa
Claus Christmas tree
21
Celebrating Easter
  • ??? (fù huó jié)
  • Easter
  • ???????
  • We celebrate Easter.

22
  • ?????! (fùhuójié kuàilè)
  • Happy Easter!

23
  • ????? (fùhuójié caidàn)
  • Easter eggs
  • ??????????
  • We like Easter eggs.

24
  • ????? (fùhuójié tùzi)
  • the Easter bunny
  • ????????? ?
  • We like Easter bunnies.

25
  • ??? (qiaokèlì) - chocolate
  • ????????,?????????
  • Elder brother likes to eat chocolate, so do I.

26
  • ????? (fùhuójié caidàn)
  • chocolate eggs
  • ???????? (fùhuójié qiaokèlì caidàn)
  • Easter chocolate eggs
  • ????????????,??????????????
  • Younger sister likes Easter chocolate eggs, does
    younger brother.

27
  • ???????? (fùhuójié qiaokèlì tùzi)
  • the Easter chocolate bunny
  • ????????????? ?
  • We like to eat Easter chocolate bunnies.

28
Celebrating the Chinese New Year An effective
case of integrating the Chinese culture and the
Western culture into curriculum
  • A comprehensive approach
  • Writing a drama signed up a specific role for
    each student to imitate how Chinese people
    celebrate the Chinese New Year.
  • Doing Internet research.
  • Making a Powerpoint presentation
  • Singing and dancing

29
  • ?? Beijing

30
  • ?? Guangzhou - South of China

31
  • ?? Changsha - South of China

32
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33
  • ?? jinan - East of China

34
  • ?? Shantou - South of China

35
  • ??? the New Year Eve dinner
  • ?? Dumplings

36
  • ???/????!
  • - Happy New Year!

37
  • 2 ????! (gongxifacái)
  • Wish you prosperity.

38
  • ????! (wànshìrúyì)
  • May everything be as you wish.

39
The Chinese New Year Dance
  • The student dance for celebrating the Chinese New
    Year combining the Chinese song and the Western
    music together.

40
3.The Chinese Cultural Day
  • 1) Introducing lanterns to students by a
    powerpoint presentation
  • 2) Reading an article about the Lanterns.
  • 3). Learning by doing Students learned how to do
    a lantern.

41
  • 4. Arouse students enthusiasm about the Chinese
    language learning through promoting Chinese
    culture in school-wide.
  • Example celebrating Chinese new year.
  • Language and culture display on the school hall
    way
  • A dancing show on school TV announcement in the
    morning.
  • Powerpoint presentation all the day on school TV
  • Asking students to make lanterns for each
    classroom in the school.

42
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43
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44
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45
  • 5. Learn Chinese language and culture through a
    comparative approach.
  • Name
  • Family structure
  • Holidays
  • ……

46
Conclusions
  • Language never exists in a vacuum, rather,
    language teaching is culture teaching.
  • The teaching of culture should constitute an
    integral part of the Chinese language curriculum.

47
  • Teaching culture should be happened in two ways
    fostering students understanding of the target
    culture and raising their awareness of their own
    culture at the same time.
  • Therefore, integrating the Chinese culture and
    the Western culture into curriculum will be a
    tendency toward Chinese language teaching.
  • High technology takes an important role in
    language and culture teaching.

48
  • Finally, as a Chinese teacher, I hope that we can
    play an active role in integrating the Western
    and Eastern culture together, incorporating what
    is best in the education traditions of the West
    and the East, and building bridges of cultural
    understanding through our dynamic language and
    cultural teaching. Therefore, we can make an
    alternative way of language teaching in 21st
    century.
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