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UGC Experience on Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Bangladesh


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Title: UGC Experience on Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Bangladesh

  • UGC Experience on Quality Assurance in Higher
    Education in Bangladesh

  • Professor Dr. M. Asaduzzaman
  • Former Chairman, UGC, Bangladesh

  • Respected Chairman of American International
    University of Bangladesh, (AIUB) distinguished
    participants from home and abroad, Ladies
    Gentleman, Assalamualikum good morning.

  • At the very outset, I want to thank
    congratulate AIUB- one of the few top private
    universities in Bangladesh- for organizing this
    extra-ordinary seminar. I would also like to take
    the opportunity to thank Asia Pacific Quality
    Network for its invaluable support and
    cooperation extended to organize this seminar.

It is, indeed, a privilege for me to address
this outstanding and highly enlightened
gathering. I am grateful to AIUB for inviting me
to this important seminar.
Ladies gentleman, it is widely recognized that
education is the backbone of a nation. Education
enhances quality of life in every society. It can
play a crucially important role in a developing
country like Bangladesh--where there is
staggering unemployment, pervasive poverty,
malnutrition, hunger, disease.
  • Today, we all are in agreement that education is
    essential for the alleviation of poverty
    building a democratic culture. And quality
    education for all (EfA), in this age, is seen as
    a panacea for furthering socio economic
    political development of a given society.

Role of Universities University is the Universe
in miniature. University is the place for the
creation of knowledge, dissemination of
knowledge. University plays multiple social,
political economic roles in a society.
Pandit Jawherlal Nehru once said A university
stands for humanism, for tolerance, for reason,
for adventure of ideas and for the search of
truth. It stands for onward march of the human
race towards even higher objectives if the
universities discharge adequately, then it is
well with the Nation and the people.
  • James A Parkin former Chairman of International
    Council for Educational Development, described
    the functions of a University as
  • Mission of teaching
  • Mission of research
  • Mission of service to the society
  • Mission of creating as ideal democratic society

Role of University Grants Commission in
Bangladesh University Grants Commission (UGC)
of Bangladesh is the apex body of all the
universities and was established in 1973 under
the President Order of 1973.
The primary objectives of instituting UGC as
stated in the Act, were to promote and coordinate
university education, to monitor and maintain
standard of education. Assess the needs in terms
of funding the universities and advise the
Government on various issues of higher education.

UGC provides 100 of the development funds and
nearly 95 of the revenue budget of the Public
Universities. UGC also examines the proposals for
the establishment of Private Universities. It
recommends to the government for establishment of
new universities both at the public and private
At present, we have 26 public and 51 private
universities in Bangladesh-- where there are
nearly 180000 students pursuing their higher
education (this figure excludes Open University
and National University). Around 80000 students
are now studying in private universities out of
which 25 in arts and social sciences, 25 in
sciences and engineering, 50 in commerce-
studying every aspect of modern business.
During my tenure as the Chairman of the
University Grants Commission, my concern was to
strengthen and streamline the legal framework of
higher education in Bangladesh. A set of
proposals for legal reforms for higher education
were sent to the government for consideration and
  • Prominent among those suggested legal reforms are
  • Uniform recruitment rules for teachers and
    employees of the universities
  • Uniform financial rules and accounts manual
  • Operation of foreign universities and their
    branches in Bangladesh

  • Uniform grading system
  • Rules for the establishment of an Accreditation
  • Private University (Amendment) Act- 2005
  • Strategic plan for higher education in
    Bangladesh, 2006-2026

Emergence of Private Universities in
Bangladesh Private universities emerge out of
the pragmatic necessity of rising demand for
higher education in Bangladesh. With a view to
cope with the growing demands for higher
education, over the years, the Government of
Bangladesh allowed the private universities to
operate under the Private Universities Act of
  • The main purposes of the establishment private
    universities are
  • To create efficient human resources for the
    development as well export of efficient manpower
  • To ensure access of meritorious students to
    higher education
  • To involve private sector in higher education

Quality Issues in Higher Education Thus, higher
education has enormous potential to promote
prosperity in the developing nation. The growing
importance of knowledge in the modern World can
hardly be over emphasized particularly in the era
of globalization and competitive environment.
Thus, ensuring quality education has become the
main concern of the nation today. Now let us look
at the parameters of quality of education in
  • Parameters of Quality Education
  • Meritorious students
  • Highly qualified and committed teachers
  • Nationally relevant and internationally
    acceptable curriculum
  • Modern method of teaching and use of new
    educational technology
  • Sufficient provision for co-curricular and extra-
    curricular activities
  • High level of research
  • A sound academic environment

  • Quality Assurance Agency in Bangladesh
  • For various social, political and economic
    reasons the quality of education in Bangladesh is
    sliding. Realizing the utmost importance of
    quality in education, the University Grants
    Commission proposed the formation of
    accreditation council for private universities in
    Bangladesh (ACPUB) for assessing and maintaining
    the standard of higher education.

  • Initially the proposal was for both the public
    and private universities. The main objective as
    stated in the preamble of ACPUB is to ensure
    quality and standard of education in private
    universities keeping in view the national
    interest and global priorities by

  • requiring private universities to become the
    member of ACPUB.
  • motivating private universities to undertake
    periodical self assessment and critical review of
    their academic programs

  • requiring private universities to seek evaluation
    of their academic programs through executive
    inspection to be arranged by ACPUB which may
    eventually lead to full accreditation of
    particular program of study
  • disseminating the results of the External
    Inspection for public information, so as to
    enable students, guardians, and employers to know
    about the status of different universities.

  • Structure of the Accreditation Council in
  • 1. General Council
  • The council will have 33 members which
    includes the Chairman of the council. The
    Chairman will be appointed on a fulltime basis.
    He/She will be a distinguished educationalist and
    will be appointed by the President of the
    republic for a period of 5 years.

  • Other members will be drawn from different
    stakeholders and quality assurance agencies in
    the following manner. The term of the general
    council will be for a period of 2 years.

  • Group A 6 Vice Chancellors from the private
    universities nominated by the President
  • Group B Chairman and two members of UGC.
  • 3 Vice Chancellors of public universities
    nominated by the ACPUB

  • Group C 3 distinguished educationalists
    nominated by the President of the Republic
  • 2 representatives of the government (not below
    the rank of Additional Secretary) nominated by
    the Government.
  • Group D 5 representatives from the private
    sector nominated by the President of the
  • Group E 2 sponsors of Private Universities
    nominated by the President

  • Group F 3 representatives from Regional/
    International Quality Agencies nominated by the
  • The General Council shall be responsible for the
    formulation of policy of ACPUB including
    frequency of accreditation and frequency of
    registration status review. The Council shall
    meet ordinarily 3 times a year.

  • 2. Executive Committee
  • It will have 9 members including the chairman
    and will be nominated by the General Council.
  • 2 members from each of the group AB nominated by
    the respective group for 2 years.
  • 1 member from each of the group C to F nominated
    by the each group for 2 years.
  • The Executive Committee will be supported by full
    time paid staff.

  • Responsibilities of the Executive Committee
  • The Executive Committee shall be responsible for
    appointing Peer Review Team on receipt of self
    assessment questionnaires by Member Institutions.
  • The Executive Committee shall be responsible for
    appointing on the recommendation of program
    committee peer review team on receipt of
    application for accrediting each degree program.

  • The Executive Committee shall review and approve
    the report of the peer review teams and
    recommendations of the program committee arrange
    for dissemination result of accreditation
  • The Executive Committee shall meet 6 times a year

  • 3. Accreditation and Recognition Committee
  • 4. Peer Review Team
  • Institutional
  • Programme

  • With this few words, I want to conclude, but
    prior to that let me thank you all very much for
    your patent hearing. I wish the foreign
    delegates a pleasant stay in Bangladesh.

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