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The Social Sciences: Anthropology

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Study of the groups and societies humans build and the way social ... Forensic anthropology. Linguists. Globalization. Garbology. Applied Anthropology ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Social Sciences: Anthropology


1
The Social Sciences Anthropology
2
The Social Sciences
  • Anthropology
  • Study human life throughout history
  • Examines biological and cultural diversity
  • Comparative and holistic
  • Sociology
  • Study of the groups and societies humans build
    and the way social relationships affect behavior
  • Focuses on groups and social institutions
  • Psychology
  • Study of behavior and mental processes in
    contexts
  • Focuses on individuals

3
General Anthropology
  • Study of the whole of human existence
  • Past, present, future
  • Biology, society, language, culture

4
General Anthropology
  • Study of the whole of human existence
  • Past, present, future
  • Biology, society, language, culture

5
General Anthropology
  • Study of the whole of human existence
  • Past, present, future
  • Biology, society, language, culture

6
General Anthropology
  • Study of the whole of human existence
  • Past, present, future
  • Biology, society, language, culture
  • Grew during the late 19th century
  • Influenced by
  • Evolutionary theory
  • Reports from travelers to non-Western societies
  • Discoveries in biology and geology

7
General Anthropology
  • Subdisciplines
  • Cultural (sociocultural)
  • Archeological
  • Biological
  • Linguistic
  • Common theme Humans are biological and cultural
    beings evolving through time

8
Cultural Anthropology
  • Study society and culture
  • Explain cultural similarities and differences
  • What aspects of culture are universal?
    Generalized? Particular?
  • Culture is
  • Learned (often unconsciously)
  • Based on symbols
  • Shared and integrated
  • Both stable and changing
  • Forms subcultures
  • Is exceedingly complex

9
Cultural Anthropology
  • Ethnography
  • Based largely on fieldwork
  • Ethnopicture an in-depth examination of a
    particular culture or society

10
Cultural Anthropology
  • Ethnology
  • Based on cross-cultural comparison
  • Uses data gathered by ethnographers and
    archaeologists to identify and explain cultural
    differences and similarities

11
Archaeological Anthropology
  • Reconstructs behavior and cultural patterns by
    examining material remains
  • Traditional archaeology focused on discovering
    grand sites
  • Some archaeologistsgoing local tolook at
    daily life

12
Archaeological Anthropology
  • Not always glamorous!

13
Archaeological Anthropology
  • Not always glamorous!

14
Archaeological Anthropology
  • Must infer cultural patterns from artifacts and
    ruins
  • Non-native materials indicate trade
  • Buildings give clues about the living conditions

15
Mt. Vernon Distillery Dig
16
Biological Anthropology
  • Seek to understand human adaptation, variation,
    and change
  • Primatology

17
Biological Anthropology
  • Seek to understand human adaptation, variation,
    and change
  • Primatology
  • Forensics

18
Biological Anthropology
  • Seek to understand human adaptation, variation,
    and change
  • Primatology
  • Forensics
  • Genetics

19
Biological Anthropology
  • Seek to understand human adaptation, variation,
    and change
  • Primatology
  • Forensics
  • Genetics
  • Sociobiology

20
Linguistic Anthropology
  • Initially documented unwritten, disappearing
    languages
  • Now those languages have been recorded or
    lostvery few left

21
Linguistic Anthropology
  • Language is constantly changing
  • Now broadens view to many types of communication

22
Applied Anthropology
  • Using anthropological knowledge to solve
    practical problems
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Linguists
  • Globalization
  • Garbology
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