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John F. Kennedy

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: jjudd Last modified by: Markle, Laurie Created Date: 4/29/2005 12:47:50 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: John F. Kennedy


1
John F. Kennedy 1961-1963
2
The Election of 1960
The election of 1960 was the closest since 1884
Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon by fewer
than 119,000 votes.
3
Election of 1960
  • Eisenhower was not able to transfer his
    popularity to another Republican
  • His VP, Richard Nixon, had gained a reputation as
    a statesman in his diplomatic travels to Europe
    and South America

4
Election of 1960
  • He was seen standing up to Nikita Khrushchev in
    the kitchen debate in a visit to Moscow
  • The Republican candidate was
    known to be a though and
    seasoned campaigner

5
Election of 1960
  • Many Democrats wanted to nominate Adlai Stevenson
    again or Lyndon B. Johnson
  • In the primaries, John F. Kennedy
    defeated his rivals

6
Election of 1960
  • To balance the ticket, MA senator Kennedy chose
    L.B. Johnson from TX - a choice crucial to
    getting the southern states

7
The Debates
  • Four televised debates took place, the first in
    American politics
  • Kennedy used make-up and appeared vigorous
    and comfortable
  • Nixon looked sinister, pale and tense

8
The Debates
  • The debates were broadcasted coast to coast and
    watched by 60-70 million viewers

9
The Debates
  • Orval Faubus, States Rights Party, was kept out
    of the debates

10
The Debates
  • Kennedy attacked the Eisenhower administration
    for
  • The recent recession
  • Losing the arms race to the Soviets
  • A losing gap in the space race - not true by 1960

11
The Debates
  • When polled after the debates, the majority of
    people who listened to the debates on the radio,
    said Nixon won
  • Those who watched on TV thought Kennedy won
  • Appearances make a difference

12
The Results
  • Kennedy won by a little over 100,000 votes but a
    wider electoral college margin 303-219
  • Republicans charged Democrats of stuffing ballot
    boxes with votes of deceased people

13
Election of 1960
14
  • He was a decorated naval officer in World War
    II. He received the Pulitzer Prize for his
    book, "Profiles in Courage." He served exactly
    1,000 days in office. He was the first
    president born in the 20th century and the
    youngest president ever elected.
  • He is the only Roman
  • Catholic president
  • He could read 1600 words a minute.

15
Kennedys Inaugural Address
Kennedy was the youngest person ever to be
elected president. His youth helped provide the
theme to his inaugural address
Let the word go forth That the torch has
been passed to a new generation of
Americans The energy, the faith, the devotion
which we bring to this endeavor will light our
country and all who serve itAnd so, my
fellow Americans-ask not what your country can do
for you-ask what you can do for your country.
16
The Camelot Years
With JFKs youthful glamour and his
talented advisors, the Kennedy White House
reminded many of a modern- day Camelot,
the mythical court of King Arthur.
17
Kennedy and the Cold War
  • The 1960 Campaign
  • JFK vs. Nixon on national TV
  • Close Race 49.7 to 49.5 Popular Vote
  • Kennedys Foreign Policy
  • Flexible Response
  • Peace Corps
  • Bay of Pigs Incident --Very Bad for JFK
  • Weakened JFK politically and popularly
  • The Berlin Crisis
  • USSR tried to push around JFK (Bay of Pigs)

18
The New Frontier
President Kennedys legislative program
to provide medical care for the elderly.
To rebuild blighted urban areas.
19
To aid education.
To bolster the national defense.
20
To increase international aid.
To expand the space program.
21
To provide volunteer assistance to
developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin
America.
And to promote civil rights.
22
Kennedy and Berlin
One of the high points of Kennedys
foreign travels was a trip he made to Berlin in
1963 to dramatize Americas commitment to
West Berlin and West Germany. In a speech at the
Berlin Wall, Kennedy electrified an audience of
about 150,000 Germans by stating , Ich bin ein
Berliner (I am a Berliner), thus declaring the
solidarity of all free people with the people of
West Berlin.
23
The Bay of Pigs
On the nights of April 17,1961, some 1500 Cuban
exiles supported by the U.S. military landed on
the islands southern coast at Baja de Cochinos,
the Bay of Pigs. The CIA and the exiles hoped
it would trigger a mass uprising that would
overthrow Castro. It didnt! Cuban forces,
backed by Soviet tanks and jet aircraft, easily
repelled the exile invasion. Some of the exiles
were killed, others imprisoned.
24
Crisis Over Cuba
The first test of Kennedys foreign policy came
in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of Florida.
Revolutionary leader, Fidel Castro, openly
declared himself a communist and welcomed aid
from the Soviet Union.
25
Cuban Missile Crisis
In October, 1962, photographs taken by American
planes revealed Soviet missile bases in
Cuba-and some contained missiles ready to
launch. They could reach U.S. cities in minutes.
26
On October 22, Kennedy ordered a naval
blockade of Cuba to prevent further deliveries of
Soviet weapons. He also demanded that the
Soviets remove the missiles. Khrushchev promised
to challenge the blockade, calling it outright
banditry.
27
For a few days, nuclear war and massive
destruction was a distinct possibility for every
American. In schools, children practiced air raid
drills, a common occurrence during the Cold War.
People who had built bomb shelters began
stocking them with food and other provisions.
Even the president called his family to the White
House where they could be protected in the
presidential nuclear shelter.
28
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29
Suddenly, on October 24, many of the Soviet ships
stopped short of the blockade line, turned, and
sailed home. Were eyeball to eyeball, said
Secretary of State Dean Rusk, and I think the
other fellow just blinked. On October 28
Khrushchev agreed to dismantle the missile bases
in response to Kennedys promise not to invade
Cuba.
30
Tragedy in Dallas
In the fall of 1963, public opinion polls showed
that Kennedy was losing popularity because of his
advocacy of civil rights. On November 22, 1963,
President and Mrs. Kennedy went to Texas to
mend political fences with members of the
states Democratic Party.
31
Crowds lined the streets of Dallas to greet the
President. In front of them sat Texas Governor
John Connally and his wife Nellie.
32
As the car approached a state building known as
the Texas State Book Depository, rifle shots rang
out.
33
Kennedy was shot in the head. His car raced to a
nearby hospital, where doctors frantically
tried to revive him, but it was too late.
President Kennedy was dead.
34
In 1963, the Warren Commission investigated and
concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald had shot the
president while acting on his own.
35
On Sunday, Nov. 24, as millions watched live
television coverage of Oswald being
transferred between jails, a nightclub
owner named Jack Ruby broke through the crowd and
shot and killed Oswald.
36
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37
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