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Additives for Food Grade Lubricants


PROTECTION Additives for Food Grade Lubricants Dr. Tassilo Habereder; Eric Nehls Pictures: HygieniCon Content Food Grade Lubricants requirements Classification ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Additives for Food Grade Lubricants

Ciba Specialty Chemicals
Additives for Food Grade Lubricants
Dr. Tassilo Habereder Eric Nehls
Pictures HygieniCon
  • Food Grade Lubricants requirements
  • Classification
  • Critical Control Points
  • Base fluids
  • Additives with FDA-approval
  • Applications and Formulation recommendations

Food grade lubricants
  • Lubricants, which are needed by food, beverage
    and pharmaceutical producers have to meet special
  • Technical requirements
  • national und international norms
  • Specification from the end-user
  • OEM specifications
  • Hygienic requirements
  • lowest impact on living organisms
  • no impact on taste or odor
  • Legal requirements
  • NSF positive list (former USDA)
  • FDA approval (acc. to 21CFR 178.3570)
  • ISO 21469 Lubes with incidental product

Legal requirements
  • NSF National Sanitation Foundation
  • NSF started 1999 with the listing and
    registration for Nonfood Compounds.
  • Providing a product approval process (Up-to-date,
    web-based listing)
  • Classification for Lubricants and additives
  • H1 Lubricants with incidental contact
  • H2 Lubricants with no contact
  • H3 Soluble oils
  • HX-1 Additives for H1 lubricants
  • HX-2 Additives for H2 lubricants
  • HX-3 Additives for H3 lubricants

? Positive List for Food Grade additives
Link http//
Food grade lubricants
In the food producing industry generally 2 types
of lubricants are used (as classified by National
Sanitation Foundation (NSF)
H1 - lubricants Food grade lubricant, containing
only ingredients which are mentioned on an list
of allowed substances issued by the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA). The lubricant is suitable
for an incidental, technically unavoidable
contact with the food product. H2 -
lubricants Food grade lubricant, which does not
contain ingredients mentioned on a negative list
issued from the USDA. Suitable for use in food an
pharmaceutical industries provided that a contact
with the food product is absolutely impossible
NSF Positive List for HX-1 Additives
  • Suitable additives can be selected. New or
    modified formulations have to be registered
  • Registration of lubricant is simplified when only
    using NSF-listed additives.
  • The maximum treat rate is noted.
  • The trade name of the additives are noted.
  • No technical guidance is given.

HACCP Hazard analysis of critical control points
1. Does the process step include a hazard?
2. Does a control measurement exist?
Modification of the process or product required
Is a safety control necessary?
3. Is a control necessary to avoid any hazard
for the end user
HACCP Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Points
  • Typically the result of a HACCP is that a
    production site has critical control points and
    points where no further action would be required
  • For critical processes, usage of H-1 lubricants
    is mandatory
  • For non-critical processes, usage of H-2
    lubricants is possible
  • It has to be ensured that for critical processes
    a mix-up of H1 and H2 fluids is impossible

Base Fluids for food grade lubricants
  • White oil
  • Toxicity is still not fully evaluated
  • Different crude oil qualities can cause a
    different additive response
  • No multi grade performance
  • Weak low temperature performance
  • Only available in viscosity grades ISO VG 15 und
    ISO VG 68
  • cheap
  • Good additive solubility
  • Polyalphaolefins
  • Defined starting material (Decen)
  • Well defined molecules
  • Good performance
  • High viscosity index
  • Good low and high temperature Performance
  • Available in different viscosity grades
  • Expensive base fluid

An increasing number of Esters und Polyglycols
are FDA approved. It is expected to see a trend
towards these base fluids in future.
Available FDA-approved additives
Examples for FDA-approved additives maximum allowed treat rate
Liquid alkylated di-phenylamine (aminic antioxidant) 0.5
Various high molecular weight phenolic antioxidants 0.5 each
High mol. weight phenolic antioxidant with thioether group 0.5
Liquid di-alpha-tocopherol (Vitamine E) no limit (GRAS cleared)
Blends of phenolic and aminic antioxidants 0.5 0.7
Corrosion inhibitors/Metal Deactivators
Liquid Imidazoline Derivative 0.5
Liquid N-oleyl sarcosine 0.5
Di-Sodium Sebacate (for greases) 2.0
Liquid tolutriazole derivative 0.1
Extreme Pressure / Antiwear Additives
Liquid Amine phoshate 0.5
Various Triphenyl Phophorothionates 0.5 each
Liquid Di-N-Octyl Phophite 0.5
  • Depending on the application and the
    specifications different fluids and formulations
    are necessary
  • Hydraulic oils
  • Gear oils
  • Chain oils
  • Compressor oils
  • Oils for vacuum pumps
  • Heat transfer fluids
  • Greases
  • Further differentiation possible via
  • Kosher-grade
  • Halal-grade

General formulation strategies
  • Selection of a suitable base fluid
  • Think about mixtures such as PAO and Esters in
    order to benefit from the various advantages
  • PAO and white oils can have limited additive
  • Carefully check the additive solubility in the
    selected base fluid
  • The maximum treat rate of an additive is limited
    by the FDA approval
  • sometimes additives with a similar profiles have
    to be used to achieve the performance while
    staying within the allowed limits
  • Additives can have synergistic and antagonistic
  • Typically corrosion inhibitors and anti-wear
    additives have to be balanced.
  • The formulation has to be checked carefully
  • The final formulation has to be tested (lab scale
    and ideally in the field).

Starting formulation for greases
Additive type treat rate treat rate
Alkylated DPA AO 0.50 0.50
Phenolic AO with Thioether AO 0.40 0.20
Phenolic AO AO 0.40 0.20
Tolutriazole derivative MD 0.10 0.10
Amine Phosphate AW 0.20 0.20
Liquid TPPT AW   0.50
Solid TPPT AW 0.50
N-Oleyl Sarcosine CI 0.50 0.20
Imidazoline Derivative CI 0.50 0.20
Thickener System Thickener 2-20 2-20
Ester base fluid balance  
PAO or white oil base fluid   balance
  • Note Amine Phosphates can react with soap
    thickener influencing the rheology. This has to
    be carefully checked.

Starting formulation for low temp. applications
Additive type treat rate
Blend of ADPA and phenolic AOs AO 0.3-0.5
Tolutriazole Derivative MD 0.050
Amine Phosphate AW 0.100
N-Oleyl Sarcosine CI 0.050
PAO or white oil base fluid balance
  • Such a formulation would be suitable for
    circulating oils, providing a good metal
    protection and a good anti-wear performance
  • The low treat rate of antioxidants and typically
    the use of a white oil as a base fluid would
    limit the use for high temperature applications

Ciba Specialty Chemicals
Ciba s food approved additives take care about
your lubricant
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