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American Life in the Roaring Twenties


American Life in the Roaring Twenties American Pageant Chapter 31 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Life in the Roaring Twenties

American Life in the Roaring Twenties
  • American Pageant
  • Chapter 31

Immigration and Imports
  • In the 1920s, America turned inward
    (isolationism), denounced communism and
    socialism, and clanged shut the door of
    immigration with tariffs

The Red Scare
  • After the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia,
    Americans had a fear of Communism. Laborers
    (unions) were lumped together with communists.

The Red Scare
  • Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer conducted the
    Palmer Raids which rounded up thousands of
  • Some 249 communists were sent back to Russia on
    the Soviet Ark.

The Red Scare
  • The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti was conducted in
    the height of the Red Scare and resulted in their
    being executed on questionable evidence.
  • Courts may have been prejudiced against them
    because of their nationality, anarchism , draft
    dodger status and atheist status.

The Red Scare
  • As a result of the aforementioned, the ACLU or
    American Civil Liberties Union was formed by
    Felix Frankfurter

The Rebirth of the KKK
  • Radical hate group originally founded by Nathan
    Bedford Forest after the Civil War (1861-1865)
  • Reconstituted by Willaim J. Fitzsimmons

The Rebirth of the KKK
  • Anti
  • Foreign
  • Catholic
  • Black
  • Jewish
  • Pacifist
  • Communist
  • Internationist
  • Anti-Evolutionalist
  • Bootlegger
  • Gambling
  • Adultery
  • Birth Control

The Rebirth of the KKK
  • Pro
  • Anglo-Saxon
  • Native
  • Protestant

The Rebirth of the KKK
  • Officials of the Klan
  • Grand Goblins
  • King Kleagles
  • Kreatures
  • Impressive Displays were
  • Conclaves, Flagwaving Parades
  • Weapon of choice was
  • Cross Burning

Stemming the Foreign Flood
  • After the World War, South Eastern European
    immigration rose 600
  • 100 Americans Did not like this

Stemming the Foreign Flood
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921 limited the number of
    immigrants who could be admitted from any country
    to 3 of the number of persons from that country
    living in the United States in 1910
  • Immigration Act of 1924, changed the 1921 act to
    1890 census and changed the limit from 3 to 2.
  • To keep out New Immigrants

Stemming the Foreign Food
  • The Immigration Act of 1929 further changed the
    law because it limited the total immigration to

Stemming the Foreign Flood
  • In 1965, the national-origins system was
    abolished by Congress.
  • The Emergency Quota Act of 1921, Johnson Reid Act
    of 1924, and the Immigration Act of 1929 were
    known as the National Origins system.

Stemming the Foreign Flood
  • The National Origins system favored Western
    European over Eastern European. Japanese
    Immigration was completely shut off while the law
    allowed unlimited immigration from Canada and
    Central America.

Cultural Pluralism or Multicultralism
  • Cultural Pluralism or Multiculturalism was the
    idea of preserving ones own culture in America.
  • Five early proponents
  • Horace Kallen
  • Randolph Bourne
  • John Dewey
  • Jane Addams
  • Louis Brandeis

  • Also known as the Noble Experiment (The 18th
    Amendment , later the Volstead Act)
  • Prohibition outlawed the distilling and sale of
  • Popular in the South/ West, not so popular in the
  • Wet Drinking, Dry Not Drinking
  • Prohibition did not work because people wanted to
  • Men and women drank bathtub gin at Speakeasies

Crime in the 1920s
  • Gangsters like Al Capone ran bootlegging and
    other illicit activities like
  • By the 1930s organized crime was a huge business
    even in labor unions and government contracts.

Crime in the 1920s
  • St. Valentines Day Massacre
  • Gangs moved into other activities like
    prostitution , gambling and narcotics

Monkey Business in Tennessee (Scopes Monkey
  • Christian Fundamentalists believed in a literal
    interpretation of the bible and were against
    teaching evolution (Darwinism). In Tennessee,
    teacher John T. Scopes went to trial for teaching
    evolution. His lawyer was Clarence Darrow and the
    prosecution was led by W. J. Bryan. Scopes was
    found guilty and fined. He was later released.
    This trial illustrated the question of a changing
    people and society.

The Mass Consumer Economy
  • Both the recent war and the tax policies of
    Andrew Mellon, the Secretary of the Treasury for
    Presidents Coolidge and Hoover led to massive
    economic growth.
  • Keep taxes low , little government spending ,
    laissez faire / trickle down economics

The Mass Consumer Economy
  • Powered by cheap energy, factories turned goods
    for consumption spurred by the new arm of
    American commerce advertising. Henry Ford mass
    produced cars.

  • Turn an arm pit into a charm pit
  • Bruce Bartons book, The Man Nobody Knows states
    J.C. good salesperson

The Mass Consumer Economy
  • People consumed goods by buying on credit.
  • Eventually bills come due!
  • Lack of credit availability stalls the economy.

The Golden Age of SportsBaseball and Boxing
Automobile Powers from the 1920s to 1970s
  • The Big Three automakers in the United States
  • Chevrolet
  • Ford
  • Chrysler
  • Revolution led by Henry Ford and his Fordisms
    (assembly line techniques), who produced the
    Model T cars.

Secondary Industries
  • Secondary to car production were
  • Rubber
  • Glass
  • Fabrics
  • Highway construction
  • Service Station
  • Garages
  • Oil

Humans Develop Wings
  • First flight was by Orville and Wilbur Wright at
    Kitty Hawk
  • Planes were used during World War I
  • The first solo flight was by Charles Lindenberg
    in his plan Spirit of St. Louis. The first female
    to fly was Emila Airhart.
  • Airships like the Hindenberg were also developed.

The Radio
  • The radio of the 1920s knitted the nation
    together. On the radio, jazz music was played,
    sports were broadcast and politicians spun their
    stories. The most famous politician on the radio
    was FDR.

HollywoodThe Star System
  • First movies
  • The Great Train Robbery
  • Birth of a Nation
  • WWI aided the movie industry because
  • Credit for the film industry goes to Thomas
  • The first talkie was The Jazz Singer
  • Movie houses were called Nickelodeons

Important Women of the 1920s
  • Alice Paul
  • National Womens Party
  • Suffrage for women
  • Margaret Sanger
  • Womens rights champion

  • Women of the 1920s were called flappers
  • Sigmund Freud advocated to not repress sexuality
  • Smooching turned into and

Entertainment of the 1920s
  • Jazz was the music of the era and the
    Charleston was the dance.

The Harlem Renaissance
  • In New York, a Harlem Renaissance occurred in the
    black community led by Marcus Garvey who formed
    the United Negro Improvement Association. He
    formed the Black Star Line to return blacks to

Cultural Liberation
  • H.L. Mencken
  • American Mercury
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • Side of Paradise
  • The Great Gatsby
  • Theodore Dreiser
  • An American Tragedy
  • Ernest Hemingway
  • The Sun Also Rises
  • A Fairwell to Arms

Cultural Liberation
  • Sinclair Lewis
  • Main Street
  • Babbitt
  • William Faulkner
  • The Sound and the Fury
  • As I Lay Dying
  • Absalom, Absalom!
  • Ezra Pound
  • Make It New
  • T.S. Eliot
  • The Waste Land

Cultural Liberation
  • Eugene ONeill
  • Strange Interlude
  • Frank Lloyd Wright
  • The Empire State Building
  • Three Lost Generation writers were
  • Claude McKay
  • Langston Hughes
  • Zora Neale

The Bull Market
  • Buyers bought on the margin, which means they
    borrowed money to buy stock.
  • Secretary of Treasurys tax policies were
    supplied side in nature