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I. Arthur Miller-

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Scientists use crucibles for heating materials in the process of ... Uncle Giles Corey Reverend Hale ... accusations of a group of children stirred ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: I. Arthur Miller-


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I. Arthur Miller- Background Information
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-born in 1915 -raised in New York -grew up
during the Depression
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-wrote screenplays for Hollywood -won a Pulitzer
in 1949 for Death of a Salesman -1953-wrote The
Crucible
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  • play based on the 1692 Salem witch trials. He
    wrote this play during the McCarthy hearings when
    his friends were being attacked for being
    pro-communist.

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II. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON
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-the Red Scare- paranoia of the infiltration of
communist operatives in the United States.
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  • fed by the quick invention of the Soviet Atomic
    Bomb, (three years before predicted) It was
    assumed spies must have helped them.

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  • Also feeding this fear was the fall of China to
    communism- the
  • Korean war made this worse.

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III. Senator McCarthy
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  • The Senator created the House Un-American
    Activities Committee (HUAC)- became a permanent
    committee of the United States House in 1945.

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  • most widely known for its investigations of
    suspected Communist influence in the late 1940s
    and early 1950s.

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  • IV. HUAC and Hollywood
  • September 1947, HUAC subpoenaed 41 witnesses for
    its hearings on Communist influence in Hollywood.

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  • Ten of them, mostly writers and directors,
    refused to answer questions at first, denounced
    the committee, and were held in contempt of
    Congress.

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  • These witnesses became known as the "Hollywood
    Ten," and were blacklisted from the industry for
    many years afterward.

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  • When The Crucible opened in January of 1953,
    audiences noted the similarities between the
    Salem witch trials and the HUAC investigations.

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  • In 1956 Miller was called to testify before the
    committee. He was later convicted of contempt of
    Congress for refusing to name persons seen at
    meetings organized by so-called Communist
    sympathizers. Millers conviction was overturned
    in 1958.

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V. 1692 SALEM WITCHCRAFT TRIALS
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THE CRUCIBLE is based on actual facts facts
which took place over 300 years ago.The story is
a terrifying depiction of how the accusations of
a group of children stirred up such fear in their
small community that it led to persecution and
hangings.
t
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About the Title
  • A crucible is a pot or vessel commonly made from
    porcelain or other highly heat-resistant
    material. For centuries people used crucibles
    for melting metals, such as gold or silver, to
    test
  • them for purity.

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  • Scientists use crucibles for heating materials in
    the process of chemical analysis today the term
    crucible has come to mean a severe test or a
    forced change

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Welcome
to the story of
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The main character and Tragic Hero of the Play
John Proctor
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Elizabeth Proctor John Proctors wife
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The antagonist of the play Abigail Williams
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Reverend Parris- Abigails Uncle
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Giles Corey
Husband of Martha and friend of the Proctors
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Tituba Slave of Reverend Parris
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Reverend Hale- expert on witchcraft
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Judge Danforth- judge for the trial
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In our day...
The End
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