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The Roaring Twenties

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The Roaring Twenties U.S. in the 1920s The 1920s was: A turning point in the 20th century A time of conflicting values Traditional/rural & Urban/modern Aka: The Jazz ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roaring Twenties


1
The Roaring Twenties
  • U.S. in the 1920s

2
1920s
  • The 1920s was
  • A turning point in the 20th century
  • A time of conflicting values
  • Traditional/rural Urban/modern
  • Aka The Jazz Age

3
  • The parties were bigger the pace was faster,
    the shows were broader, the buildings were
    higher, the morals were looser
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald
  • The Great Gatsby

4
Post World War I
  • Isolationism
  • U.S. withdrew from foreign events
  • The Lost Generation
  • Destruction devastation of war gt uncertainty,
    fear, doubt for the future
  • Big 3 authors Stein, Fitzgerald, Hemingway
  • Distrust of Russia
  • Russian Revolution sparked fears of communism in
    the U.S.

5
The Red Scare
  • Red Scare
  • Hatred of the Hun (German) transferred to
    Hatred of the Reds
  • Red Scare refers to the widespread fear of
    communism
  • Palmer Raids
  • Attorney General Palmer led attacks against
    suspected radicals
  • Aliens were deported

6
(No Transcript)
7
Palmer Raids
8
Immigration Issues
  • Limiting Immigration
  • Limited jobs the Red Scare gt backlash against
    foreigners
  • Nativists re-emerge
  • 1921 Quota
  • Established number of immigrants allowed into
    U.S. from each nation
  • National Origins Act 1924
  • Set quotas for each country at 2 of the number
    of people from that country living in the U.S. in
    1890
  • Southern Eastern European countries reduced
    significantly Asian countries were nearly
    eliminated
  • Sacco Vanzetti
  • Italian immigrants accused of robbery murder
  • Anarchists
  • Results

9
Sacco Vanzetti
  • At the trial
  • Weak evidence against Sacco Vanzetti
  • Judge biased against immigrants
  • Public support
  • Protests in Europe South America broke out in
    support of the two men
  • Results
  • Convicted executed in 1927
  • Historians debate guilt or innocence but agree
    political ideas played a key role

10
1920s Republican Presidents
  • Warren G. Harding
  • Less government in business more business in
    government
  • Normalcy
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Favored Big Business
  • Kellog-Briand Pact
  • 1928 treaty that rejected war as a means to solve
    problems

11
Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Oil reserves were taken from the navy
    transferred to the Secretary of Interior Albert
    Fall
  • Fall secretly leased oil to companies (took
    bribes)
  • Fall was the 1st cabinet member to go to JAIL

12
1920s Economy
  • Roaring 20s not so roaring
  • Agriculture
  • Farmers suffering
  • Weather conditions
  • Effects of WWI
  • Soldiers returning from war cant get jobs
  • Reparations system leads to debt

13
Labor Issues
  • 1919
  • One of the most explosive times in the history of
    the labor movement
  • Workers
  • Disappointed that hard work in WWI wasnt
    rewarded
  • Red Scare sentiment weakened unions
  • Strikes 1919
  • Seattle
  • Nations 1st major general strike
  • Shut down the city
  • Initially started in the shipyards
  • Boston Police Strike
  • Police protested low wages poor working
    conditions
  • Calvin Coolidges role
  • Steel strike
  • Leader John Lewis worked for shorter hours
    safer working conditions

14
Police Strike
  • There can be no right to strike against the
    public safety by anybody, anywhere, anytime -
    Coolidge

15
Henry Ford
  • Known for the Assembly Line
  • Paid workers well because he realized that
    workers were also CONSUMERS
  • Robotic work gt anyone (all skill levels) could
    work in factory

16
Working Women
  • Common jobs for women included
  • Nurse, secretary, factory job (overqualified)
  • Paid less than men
  • Gender Issues
  • First time educated men women could meet in
    the workplace Hmmmm ?
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