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Cold War Conflicts 1950-1989 Chinese Revolution In 1949 Mao Zedong wins the Chinese Civil War & installs an communist gov t Capitalist leader Chiang Kai-shek is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cold%20War%20Conflicts

Cold War Conflicts
  • 1950-1989

Chinese Revolution
  • In 1949 Mao Zedong wins the Chinese Civil War
    installs an communist govt
  • Capitalist leader Chiang Kai-shek is exiled to
  • The new Chinese govt Peoples Republic of

Korean War
  • Korea was divided between the USSR US for
    reconstruction after WWII
  • In 1950 North Korea invaded South Korea across
    the 38th Parallel to reunite it make it
  • South Korea asked the UN for help

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  • UN responds with a police action by sending in
    troops to help South Korea kick out the
  • UN forces led by US General MacArthur pushes
    communists back to Chinas border
  • China worries US may invade overthrow them, so
    sends in troops
  • US starts losing so MacArthur suggests dropping
    an a-bomb on Beijing.

  • Truman vetoes a-bomb idea is criticized by
  • Truman fires MacArthur for insubordination.

End of Korean War
  • By 1952 the war is stalled at the 38th Parallel
    where it started.
  • President Eisenhower calls for a ceasefire.
  • War is paused the Demilitarized Zone is created
    along the 38th Parallel. No weapons allowed.
  • North South Korea remain divided.

Domino Theory
  • Idea that countries are dominos if one nation
    falls to communism, then they will push other
    nations over they will become communist too.
  • Ex Russia pushes China. China pushes North
    Korea. North Korea may push someone else.

Ike the Cold Warrior
  • Dwight Eisenhower became President in 1952
  • Foreign policy brinkmanship idea that the US
    needs more powerful weapons to deter the USSR
    from attacking
  • If we have more powerful weapons like the
    Hydrogen bomb- this gives us the power of
    massive retaliation
  • We must be able to go to the brink (edge) of
    nuclear war to stop the spread of communism

  • Due to the Cold War, the 1950s were all about
  • People all wanted to be the same- get a good
    job, buy a home in the suburbs have a family

  • Babyboom lots of babies were born after WWII
  • Marriage and the nuclear family became the goal.

  • Women were supposed to be housewives mothers
    not all were happy about it. Betty Friedan wrote
    a book about it The Feminine Mystique

Interstate Highway Act
  • The economy was booming due to post WWII
  • Ike created the interstate system in the 1950s
    with the Interstate Highway Act
  • Goal increase the movement of goods people
  • Also good for the military part of the military
    industrial complex in which domestic things
    could also be used by the military in case of war

1960 Election
  • In 1960 Ike served his 2 terms.
  • Democrat John F. Kennedy
  • Republican Richard Nixon
  • Issues Cold War, space race, civil rights,
    JFKs Catholicism
  • TV Debate 1st televised presidential debate.
    JFK won due to sex appeal
  • Outcome JFK wins extremely close election

JFKs Domestic Agenda
  • In JFKs inaugural address calls for a New
    Frontier to improve America
  • 1. civil rights (but doesnt do much)
  • 2. put a man on the moon by the end of the decade
    (happens in 1969 when Neil Armstrong walks on
  • 3. Peace Corps Alliance for Progress to help
    improve Latin America (Marshall Plan in western

  • Presidency called Camelot due to its optimism
    JFKs young trendy wife Jacqueline.
  • Says people need to be more involved in improving
    the world Climb every mountain. Make every
    sacrifice. Ask not what your country can do for
    you, but what you can do for your country.

Cuban Revolution
  • JFKs 1st foreign policy issue Cuba.
  • In 1959 Fidel Castro won the Cuban Revolution
    installed a communist govt in Cuba
  • It freaked out the US because a domino fell to
    communism in our hemisphere.
  • JFK inherits a CIA plan to oust Castro from Ikes

Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • CIA trains Cuban exiles as soldiers
  • Plan exiles invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs
    overthrow Castro with US air support
  • Once president, JFK okays invasion, but at the
    last minute doesnt send air support.
  • Invasion fails huge embarrassment to USA

Berlin Wall
  • In 1962 the East German govt gets tired of
    people escaping to the west through Berlin
  • Builds the Berlin Wall to divide Berlin physical
    symbol of the Iron Curtain
  • US looks dumb because we didnt stop it from

Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Castro becomes paranoid the US is trying to
    overthrow him (we are) so he allows the USSR to
    put nuclear missiles in Cuba aimed at the US
  • In 1962 US spy planes discover the missiles huge
    threat only 90 miles away from Florida!
  • US goes to the UN demands their removal

  • Crisis closest US USSR come to nuclear war
  • Khrushchev (Soviet dictator) refuses to remove
    weapons so US imposes a naval blockade to keep
    more missiles out 9 day stand off

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Cuban Missile Crisis Ends
  • USSR USA secretly negotiate despite macho TV
    threats to one another
  • Peace agreement reached
  • USSR removes missiles from Cuba IF
  • US removes secret missiles from Turkey aimed at
    USSR promises not to invade Cuba again

JFK Dies
  • JFK visits Dallas in 1963 where he is
    assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Oswald is assassinated by Jack Ruby

  • JFKs Vice President Lyndon Johnson becomes