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The English Civil War

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: GCPS Last modified by: Guill Strougo Created Date: 2/4/2003 8:23:09 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The English Civil War


1
  • The English Civil War the Glorious Revolution
  • Preview
  • Examine the image on the next slide. What do you
    think is going on?
  • What do you think led to the actions in this
    slide?

2
(No Transcript)
3
English Civil War (1642-1647)
4
Reasons for the English Civil War
  • In 1603, Elizabeth died. She never married, so
    there were no heirs to continue the Tudor
    Dynasty
  • Mary Stuarts son James I became the King
    of England started Stuart Dynasty
    in England

5
(No Transcript)
6
Reasons for the English Civil War
  • Queen Elizabeth recognized the importance of
    working with Parliament
  • James I did not believed he should be absolute
    monarch because of Divine Right (God chooses
    royal families to rule) James I did not listen
    to Parliament
  • Major problems between Parliament King over
    issues of Authority, Money, Religion

7
Problems between the King and Parliament
  • AuthorityJames I believed in divine right and
    absolutism Parliament felt king should be
    limited by Parliament
  • MoneyJames I has to ask Parliament for money to
    finance government and life style

8
What is divine right?
  1. King has power to rule from people.
  2. King has the power to rule from Congress.
  3. King has power to rule from Parliament.
  4. King has power to rule from God.

9
Problems between the King and Parliament
  • ReligionPuritans were members of the Anglican
    Church who wanted all Catholic rituals removed
    Puritans were active members of Parliament were
    angered when James I arranged marriage of son
    (Charles) to a Catholic princess.

10
Reasons for the English Civil War
  • When James I died in 1625, his son Charles I
    became king
  • Charles was worse than James
  • Charles believed in divine right absolute
    monarchy refused to discuss ideas with
    Parliamentonly called Parliament when he
    needed money

11
Reasons for the English Civil War
  • Parliament got fed up with Charles I refused to
    give him money unless signed Petition of Rights
    in 1628
  • King could not jail people without a good reason
  • King could not make taxes without Parliament's
    approval
  • King could not keep his soldiers in peoples
    homes could not use army to maintain order
    during peacetime

12
Civil War
  • Charles I was really mad at Parliament refused
    to call another Parliament for 11 years until he
    needed money to end revolts in Ireland Scotland
  • Conflict between supporters of King
    (Royalists/Cavaliers) Parliament grew so bad
    that a civil war was inevitable

13
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14
Civil War
  • War between Cavaliers (Royalists) vs Roundheads
    (supporters of Parliament) lasted for 5 years
  • Roundheads found a strong leader in Oliver
    Cromwell Cromwell and Roundheads won behead
    the king (1st public execution of a king)

15
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16
Do you think the Charles I should have been
executed?
  1. Strongly agree
  2. Somewhat agree
  3. Somewhat disagree
  4. Strongly disagree

17
What did the 19 Propositions say?
  1. Gave the King supreme power.
  2. Gave Parliament Supreme power.
  3. Made the Commonwealth legal.
  4. Gave Oliver Cromwell complete power.

18
After the Civil War
  • After the Civil War, a Commonwealth was
    createdtype of government with no king ruled
    by Parliament
  • Oliver Cromwell led the Commonwealth,
    but did not use democracy he
    became a military dictator

19
New Commonwealth
  • Life in the Commonwealth was harsh because it was
    led by Cromwell the Puritans Forced strict
    religious rules on people of England
  • It was illegal to go to theaters sporting
    events merrymaking amusement were
    illegal
  • Citizens hated living this way began to want to
    bring back a king again

20
English Civil War Graffiti
King Charles is a bum! Let Parliament rule!
Cavaliers stink!
21
The Restoration (1660)
22
Restoration
  • People grew tired of the severe, religious rule
    of Oliver Cromwell the Puritans many wanted a
    king again
  • In 1660, Charles Is son became King of
    EnglandCharles II was called the Merry Monarch
    because he brought back theatres,
    sporting events, dancing he
    got along with Parliament!!

23
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24
Restoration
  • Charles II learned from the lessons of his father
    grandfather
  • Did not try to rule by Divine Right did not
    threaten Parliaments authority
  • Passed Habeas Corpus Laweveryone guaranteed a
    trial after arrest cannot be held in jail
    forever
  • Anglicanism was official religion, but treated
    Puritans Catholics equally

25
Restoration
  • During the Restoration, Parliament strengthened
    the Church of Englandonly Anglicans could attend
    universities, serve in Parliament, be priests in
    Anglican Church
  • Parliament created Constitutional Monarchy based
    on Magna Carta Petition of Right (Guaranteed
    rights of people limited king)

26
Restoration
  • BUT, there were problems
  • Charles II needed more money than Parliament was
    willing to give so he made a secret agreement
    with Louis XIV of France to convert to
    Catholicism in exchange for money
  • Charles II had no children when he died, his
    openly-Catholic brother James II will be king
    (Parliament's worst fear!!)

27
  • This is James II

28
Glorious Revolution
  • James ignoring Parliaments religious laws,
    appointed Catholics to government and university
    positions.
  • Parliament was worried the throne would go to
    James IIs son who was to be raised Catholic.
  • Encouraged William of Orange (ruler of the
    Netherlands who was married to James II daughter
    Mary) to invade and take over.

29
Glorious Revolution (Cont)
  • James II fled to France when he realized he had
    little support from England.
  • This peaceful transfer of power was called the
    Glorious Revolution.

30
William and Mary
  • William and Mary swore an oath that they would
    govern the people of England.
  • Parliament passed the Bill of Rights.
  • This passage made it clear that Parliament was in
    control.

31
What is a commonwealth?
  1. A state ruled by the monarch.
  2. A state ruled by a hegemon.
  3. A state ruled by a constitution.
  4. A state ruled by elected representatives.

32
What is a constitutional monarchy?
  1. Form of government in which monarchs power is
    limited by the constitution.
  2. Form of government in which monarchs power is
    unlimited by the constitution.
  3. Form of government where Parliament is in
    control.
  4. Form of government where Parliament is not in
    control.

33
What is habeas corpus?
  1. People have to be tried.
  2. People cannot be held in prison w/o just cause or
    w/o a trial.
  3. People need to be read their miranda rights.
  4. People have to have an attorney present at trial.
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