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Water Baptism and Salvation

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Title: Water Baptism and Salvation


1
Water Baptism and Salvation
  • Is water baptism simply an outward sign of an
    inward grace?
  • Is water baptism indispensable to salvation?
  • Is water baptism for the alien sinner?
  • Is water baptism for the kingdom citizen?
  • Is one saved before or after baptism?

2
Water Baptism and Salvation
  • The Issue Is NOT Whether one has been saved by
    grace through faith
  • Eph. 28-9 Rom. 52
  • Biblical faith is more than mere mental assent,
    it is an obedient trust in God.
  • Luke 646 Matt. 721-23
  • If the alien sinner is not willing to meet Jesus
    conditions for grace, then do he really trust in
    Jesus?

3
Water Baptism and Salvation
  • What Is Water Baptism?
  • Immersion?
  • Sprinkling?
  • Pouring?
  • What Is the Purpose of Great Commission Baptism?
  • An expression of ones faith that God has already
    saved them?
  • The prescribed way in Scripture to appeal to God
    for salvation?

4
What Is Baptism?
5
In His command to baptize, Christ does not
specify any mode of baptism. It may be performed
in any one of three ways namely, by sprinkling,
pouring, or immersion. One mode of baptism is
just as valid as the other. (An Explanation of
Luthers Small Catechism, 1935, p. 147)
6
Let every adult person, and the parents of every
child to be baptized, have the choice of
sprinkling, pouring, or immersion. (Doctrines
And Discipline Of The Methodist Church, 1956, p.
545)
7
Baptism may be administered by sprinkling,
pouring, or immersion, according to the choice of
the applicant. (Manual Church Of The
Nazarene, 1968, p. 33)
8
Proper Christian baptism is accomplished by
having a devoted servant of God... completely
immerse the person in water and then raise him up
again. (The Truth That Leads To Eternal Life,
1968, p. 184)
9
In answer to the oft-repeated question, What is
Baptism? It may be said, Baptism is the immersion
in water, by a proper administrator, of a
believer in Christ, in the name of the Father,
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
Immersion is so exclusively the baptismal act,
that without it there is no baptism. (Church
Manual Designed For The Use Of Baptist Churches,
p. 65)
10
  • Christian baptism is defined as the immersion of
    a person in water, on a profession of his faith
    in Christ. As used in the New Testament, baptize
    always implies immersion. (Edward T. Hiscox,
    The Hiscox Guide For Baptist Churches, 1964, p.
    85)

11
Baptize(Baptizo)(Verb)
BAGD dip, immerse, mid. dip oneself, wash (in
non-Christian lit. also plunge, sink, drench,
overwhelm fig. soak...).... (A
Greek-English Lexicon Of The New Testament And
Other Early Christian Literature, p. 131)
12
Baptize(Baptizo)
Joseph Thayer I. 1. prop. to dip repeatedly,
to immerge, submerge.... 2. to cleanse by
dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean
with water in the mid. and the 1 aor. pass. to
wash ones self, bathe.... (A Greek-English
Lexicon Of The New Testament, 907, p. 94)
13
Baptize(Baptizo)
Kenneth Wuest For baptizo (ßapt???) means,
to dip, to immerse. It never means to
sprinkle. The Greeks had a word for sprinkle
namely, rantizo (?a?t???). The two words, baptizo
(ßapt???) and rantizo (?a?t???) are used in
juxtaposition in Lev. 46. (Wuests Word
Studies in the Greek New Testament, 75)
14
Baptism(Baptisma)
Joseph Thayer a word peculiar to N.T. and eccl
writ., immersion, submersion.... 3. of Christian
baptism this, according to the view of the
apostles, is a rite of sacred immersion,
commanded by Christ.... (A Greek-English
Lexicon Of The New Testament, 908, pp. 94-95)
15
Baptism(Baptisma) (Noun)
W. E. Vine baptism, consisting of the
processes of immersion, submersion and emergence
(from bapto, to dip).... (The Expanded Vines
Expository Dictionary Of New Testament Words, p.
88)
16
The Testimony of the Scholars
  • John Calvin Presbyterian it is evident that
    the term baptise means to immerse, and that this
    was the form used by the primitive Church.
    (Institutes of the Christian Religion, IV1519)

17
The Testimony of the Scholars
  • Martin Luther Baptism is called in the Greek
    language baptismos, in Latin mersio, which means
    to plunge something entirely into the water, so
    that the water closes over it. And although in
    many places it is the custom no longer to thrust
    and plunge children into the font of baptism, but
    only to pour the baptismal water upon them out of
    the font, nevertheless, the former is what should
    be done. (A Compend of Luthers Theology, Ed.
    Hugh Thomson Kerr, p. 167, quoted in The Gospel
    Anchor 9829ff)

18
The Testimony of the Scholars
  • Philip Schaff Finally, as to the outward mode
    of administering this ordinance baptism, ksk
    immersion, and not sprinkling, was unquestionably
    the original, normal form. This is shown by the
    very meaning of the words ßapt???, ßapt?sµa and
    ßapt?sµ??, used to designate the rite. (History
    of the Apostolic Church With A General
    Introduction To Church History, 1859, p. 568)

19
Baptism Is A Burial
  • Rom. 64 4 Therefore we were buried with Him
    through baptism into death, that just as Christ
    was raised from the dead by the glory of the
    Father, even so we also should walk in newness of
    life.
  • Col. 212 12 buried with Him in baptism, in
    which you also were raised with Him through faith
    in the working of God, who raised Him from the
    dead.

20
The Language Used in Scripture Indicates Immersion
  • Acts 836-39--As they went along the road they
    came to some water and the eunuch said, Look!
    Water! aWhat prevents me from being baptized? 37
    1And Philip said, If you believe with all your
    heart, you may. And he answered and said, I
    believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. 38
    And he ordered the 1chariot to stop and they
    both went down into the water, Philip as well as
    the eunuch, and he baptized him. 39 When they
    came up out of the water, athe Spirit of the Lord
    snatched Philip away and the eunuch no longer
    saw him, 1but went on his way rejoicing.

21
The Language Used in Scripture Indicates Immersion
  • Matt. 316 After being baptized, Jesus came up
    immediately from the water and behold, the
    heavens were opened, and 1ahe saw the Spirit of
    God descending as a dove and 2lighting on Him,
  • Mark 19-11 In those days Jesus bcame from
    Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in
    the Jordan. 10 Immediately coming up out of the
    water, He saw the heavens 1opening, and the
    Spirit like a dove descending upon Him 11 and a
    voice came out of the heavens aYou are My
    beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.

22
The Language Used in Scripture Indicates Immersion
  • John 323 John also was baptizing in Aenon near
    Salim, because there was much water there and
    people were coming and were being baptized

23
What Is Baptism?
24
103. There is no saving efficacy in
water-baptism, yet it is a duty of all believers
to confess Christ in this solemn ordinance.
(Confession Of Faith And Government Of The
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 1893, p. 56)
25
What, then, does Christian baptism signify? It
is not a washing away of ones sins, because
cleansing from sin comes only through faith in
Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 17) Rather, it is a
public demonstration, testifying that one has
made a solemn dedication to Jehovah God. (The
Truth That Leads To Eternal Life, 1968, pp.
183-184)
26
ARTICLE IX. -- Of the Justification of Man We
are accounted righteous before God only for the
merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by
faith, and not for our own works or deservings.
Wherefore, that we are justified by faith only is
a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of
comfort. (The Book Of Discipline Of The United
Methodist Church, 1968, p. 39)
27
Note 8. -- Baptism is not essential to
salvation, for our churches utterly repudiate the
dogma of baptismal regeneration but it is
essential to obedience, since Christ has
commanded it. (Edward T. Hiscox, Standard
Manual For Baptist Churches, pp. 20-21)
28
Mark 1616He who has believed and has been
baptized shall be saved but he who has
disbelieved shall be condemned.
29
Mark 1616He who has believed and has been
baptized shall be saved but he who has
disbelieved shall be condemned.
  • Argument Jesus doesnt say, he who does not
    believe and is not baptized shall be condemned
  • Thus baptism is unimportant
  • Answered The conditions of belief and baptism
    stand and fall together.
  • If one cannot be saved without belief, then one
    cannot be saved without baptism.
  • If one can be saved without baptism, then one can
    be saved without belief.

30
Acts 238--Peter said to them, Repent, and each
of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
for the forgiveness of your sins and you will
receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
31
Acts 238--Peter said to them, Repent, and each
of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
for the forgiveness of your sins and you will
receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
  • Argument For actually means because of
  • Answered (Ref. Matthew 2628) Jesus used the
    same expression when He instituted the Lords
    Supper. Did Jesus shed His blood because sins
    were already forgiven?
  • Answered Peter gives two conditions. Are we to
    repent because of forgiveness of sins? (Ref.
    Luke 133)

32
1 Peter 321--Corresponding to that, baptism now
saves younot the removal of dirt from the flesh,
but an appeal to God for a good
consciencethrough the resurrection of Jesus
Christ,
33
1 Peter 321-- Corresponding to that, baptism now
saves younot the removal of dirt from the flesh,
but an appeal to God for a good
consciencethrough the resurrection of Jesus
Christ,
  • Context Noah and his household were saved
    through water. (20)
  • Argument the ark brought Noahs household to
    safety.
  • Answered Certainly the ark saved them
    physically from the flood, but the flood saved
    them spiritually, in that it took away the wicked
    people of the world and their evil influence.
  • Corresponding to that water baptism washes away
    our sins when we are baptized.

34
Acts 2216-- Now why do you delay? Get up and be
baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His
name.
35
Acts 2216-- Now why do you delay? Get up and be
baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His
name.
  • Argument Sauls sins were actually washed
    away when he saw the Lord, and symbolically
    washed away at baptism.
  • Answered Where does Scripture speak of actual
    and symbolic salvation?
  • Answered Scripture states that one must call
    upon the name of the Lord to be saved (Romans
    1013). Saul of Tarsus had not yet called upon
    the name of the Lord (Acts 2216 Ref. Matt.
    721-23).

36
103. There is no saving efficacy in
water-baptism, yet it is a duty of all believers
to confess Christ in this solemn ordinance.
(Confession Of Faith And Government Of The
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 1893, p. 56)
37
Mark 1616He who has believed and has been
baptized shall be saved but he who has
disbelieved shall be condemned.
38
What, then, does Christian baptism signify? It
is not a washing away of ones sins, because
cleansing from sin comes only through faith in
Jesus Christ. (Ephesians 17) Rather, it is a
public demonstration, testifying that one has
made a solemn dedication to Jehovah God. (The
Truth That Leads To Eternal Life, 1968, pp.
183-184)
39
Acts 2216-- Now why do you delay? Get up and be
baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His
name.
40
ARTICLE IX. -- Of the Justification of Man We
are accounted righteous before God only for the
merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, by
faith, and not for our own works or deservings.
Wherefore, that we are justified by faith only is
a most wholesome doctrine, and very full of
comfort. (The Book Of Discipline Of The United
Methodist Church, 1968, p. 39)
41
James 224--You see that a man is justified by
works and not by faith alone.
42
Note 8. -- Baptism is not essential to
salvation, for our churches utterly repudiate the
dogma of baptismal regeneration but it is
essential to obedience, since Christ has
commanded it. (Edward T. Hiscox, Standard
Manual For Baptist Churches, pp. 20-21)
43
Acts 238--Peter said to them, Repent, and each
of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ
for the forgiveness of your sins and you will
receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
44
If When Baptized You
  • Saved (Mk. 1616 1 Pet. 321)
  • Enter the kingdom (Jn. 33, 5)
  • Have remission of sins (Acts 238)
  • Wash away sins (Acts 2216)
  • Benefit from Christs death (Rom. 63-4)
  • Enter the body of Christ (1 Cor. 1213)
  • Put on Christ (Gal. 326-27)
  • Cleansed and sanctified (Eph. 526)
  • Made alive and forgiven (Col. 211-13)

What Is Your ConditionWithout Baptism?
45
All Spiritual Blessings In Christ(Ephesians 13)
Redemption (Eph. 17) Eternal Life (Rom. 623)
Sanctification (1 Cor.
12) Reconciliation (Eph. 213,
16) Justification (Gal. 216) Forgiveness (Eph.
17) Grace (2 Tim. 19) Salvation (2 Tim. 210)
Baptized Into Christ (Rom. 64 Gal. 326-27)
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