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AP Art History

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Title: AP Art History


1
AP Art History
Chapter 33 The Development of Modernist Art -
The Early 20th Century
2
  • Chronology 1900-1940
  • 1900-1915
  • Sigmund Freud 1856-1939, The Interpretation of
    Dreams 1900
  • Max Planck 1858-1947, Quantum Theory 1900
  • Queen Victorias reign ends 1901
  • First transatlantic radio signal 1901
  • Wright brothers first flight 1903
  • Albert Einstein 1879-1955, Theory of Relativity
  • 1905-1915
  • Die Brucke formed 1905
  • Les Fauves formed 1905
  • Futurist Manifesto 1909
  • Die Blaue Reiter formed 1911
  • Neils Bohr 1885-1962, Atomic Theory 1913
  • World War I 1914-1918
  • 1915-1925
  • Establishment of Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich
  • 1916
  • Russian Revolution / Establishment of the
    Communist Regime 1917-1921

Matisse, Red Room 1908-1909
Duchamp, Fountain 1917 (original version)
Picasso, Gertrude Stein 1906-1907
  • (1915-1925 cont.)
  • League of Nations 1921-1939
  • U.S.S.R. officially established 1923
  • Surrealist Manifesto 1924
  • Mexican Revolution ends 1924
  • 1925-1930
  • Addition of sound technology to films 1927
  • Carl Jung 1875-1961, Analytical Psychology
  • Fascism in Italy 1920-1945
  • Stock Market crashes 1929
  • 1930-1936
  • The Great Depression 1930s
  • Rise of Nazism in Germany 1930s
  • Roosevelts New Deal in the United States
  • 1933-1939
  • 1936-1940
  • Spanish Civil War 1936-1939
  • Japan invades China 1937
  • World War II 1939-1945

Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, 1929
Mondrian. Composition In Red, Blue and Yellow
1930
Kahlo, The Two Fridas 1939
3
(No Transcript)
4
Expressionism in Early 20th Century Europe
5
The Fauves
6
Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red) 1908-1909
7
Andre Derain, The Dance 1906
8
German Expressionism Die Brucke
9
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Street, Dresden 1908
10
Emil Nolde, Saint Mary of Egypt Among Sinners 1912
11
Der Blaue Reiter
12
Vassily Kandinsky, Improvisation 28 (second
version) 1912
13
Franz Marc, Fate of the Animals 1913
14
Abstraction
15
Fragmentation of Forms in Space
16
Pablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein 1906-1907
17
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles dAvignon 1907
18
Cubism Analytic Cubism
19
Georges Braque, The Portuguese 1911
20
Robert Delaunay, Champs de Mars or The Red
Tower 1911
21
Synthetic Cubism
22
Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Chair-Caning 1912
23
Georges Braque, Bottle, Newspaper, Pipe and
Glass 1913
24
Cubism in Sculpture
25
Pablo Picasso, maquette for Guitar 1912
26
Jacques Lipchitz, Bather 1917
27
Alexsandr Archipenko, Woman Combing Her Hair 1915
Julio Gonzalez, Woman Combing Her Hair 1930-1933
28
Purism
29
Fernand Leger, The City 1919
30
Futurism
31
Giacomo Balla, Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash 1912
32
Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms Of Continuity in
Space 1913 (cast 1931)
33
Gino Severini, Armored Train 1915
34
Challenging Artistic Conventions Dada
35
Jean (Hans) Arp, Collage Arranged According to
the Laws of Chance 1916-1917
36
  • Marcel Duchamp,
  • Fountain
  • (second version)
  • 1950
  • original version
  • 1917

37
Marcel Duchamp, The Bride Stripped Bare by Her
Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) 1915-1923
38
Hannah Hoch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada
through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural
Epoch of Germany 1919-1920
39
Kurt Schwitters, Merz 19 1920
40
Transatlantic Artistic Dialogues
41
Prefacing the Dialogue
42
John Sloan, Sixth Avenue and 30th Street,
1907 1909
43
The Armory Show and Its Legacy
44
Installation photo of the Armory Show, New York
National Guards 69th Regiment, New York 1913
45
Marcel Duchamp. Nude Descending a Staircase, No.
2 1912
46
Alfred Steiglitz, Steerage, 1907 (print 1915)
47
Edward Weston, Nude 1925
48
Man Ray, Cadeau (Gift) ca. 1958 (replica of 1928
original)
49
Marsden Hartley, Portrait of a German Officer 1914
50
Stuart Davis, Lucky Strike 1921
51
Aaron Douglas, Noahs Ark ca. 1927
52
Precisionism
53
Charles Demuth, My Egypt 1927
54
Georgia OKeeffe, New York, Night 1929
55
European Art in the Wake of World War I
56
George Grosz, Fit For Active Service 1916-1917
57
Max Beckmann, Night 1918-1919
58
Otto Dix, Der Krieg (The War) 1929-1932
59
Other Postwar Art in Germany
60
Wilhelm Lehmbruck, Seated Youth 1917
61
Ernst Barlach War Monument, from Gustrow
Cathedral, Gustrow, Germany 1927
62
Surrealism and Fantasy Art
63
Giorgio de Chirico, Melancholy and Mystery of a
Street 1914
64
Max Ernst, Two Children Are Threatened By a
Nightingale 1924
65
Salvador Dali, Persistence of Memory 1931
66
Rene Magritte, The Treachery (or Perfidy), of
Images 1928-1929
67
Meret Oppenheim. Object (Le Dejeuner en
fourrure) 1936
68
Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas, 1939
69
Joan Miro, Painting 1933
70
Paul Klee, Twittering Machine 1922
71
New Art for a New Society Utopian Ideals
72
Suprematicism and Constructivism
73
Kazimir Malevitch, Suprematist Composition Airpla
ne Flying 1915
74
Naum Gabo, Column Ca. 1923
75
Photograph of Vladimir Tatlin with his Monument
of the Third International 1919-1920
76
Regionalism
77
Grant Wood, American Gothic 1930
78
Thomas Hart Benton, Pioneer Days and Early
Settlers, State Capitol, Jefferson City,
Missouri 1936
79
De Stijl
80
Piet Mondrian, Composition in Red, Blue
and Yellow 1930
81
Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, Schroder
House, Utrecht, The Netherlands 1924
82
The Bauhaus
83
Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, From the Radio Tower
Berlin 1928
84
Josef Albers, Homage to the Square Ascending 1
953
85
Walter Gropius, Shop Block, the Bauhaus, Dessau,
Germany 1925-1926
86
Marcel Breuer, tubular chair 1925
87
Gunta Stolzl, Gobelin tapestry 1926-1927
88
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Model for a glass
skyscraper, Berlin, Germany 1922
89
The International Style
90
Le Corbusier, Drawing for Domino House
project, Marseilles, France 1914
91
Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy-sur-Seine,
France 1929
92
Art Deco
93
William van Alen, Chrysler Building, New York,
N.Y. 1928-1930
94
Emphasizing the Organic
95
Natural Architecture
96
Frank Lloyd Wright, The Robie House, Chicago,
Illinois 1907-1909
97
Plan for Robie House
98
Frank Lloyd Wright, Kaufmann House
(Fallingwater) Bear Run, Pennsylvania 1936-1939
99
Organic Sculpture
100
Constantin Brancusi, Bird in Space 1928
101
Barbara Hepworth, Oval Sculpture (No. 2) 1943
102
Henry Moore, Reclining Figure 1939
103
Alexander Calder, Untitled 1976
104
Art as Political Statement in the 1930s
105
Pablo Picasso, Guernica 1937
106
Vera Mukhina. The Worker and the Collective Farm
Worker 1937
107
The Depression and Its Legacy
108
Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, Nipomo
Valley 1935
109
Edward Hopper, Nighthawks 1942
110
Jacob Lawrence No. 49 from The Migrant of the
Negro 1940-1941
111
Mexican Muralists
112
Jose Clemente Orozco, Epic of American
Civilization Hispano-America (panel
16) Dartmouth College, New Hampshire ca. 1932-1934
113
Diego Rivera, Ancient Mexico from the History of
Mexico fresco murals National Palace, Mexico
City 1929-1935
114
  • Early 20th Century Artists
  • as Listed in Chapter 33

Architects Sculptors Painters Mixed Media ()
(Fauvists) Henri
Matisse (Die Brucke) Andre
Derain Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Emil Noldw
(Der Blaue Reiter) Vassily
Kandinsky Franz Marc
(Cubists) Pablo Picasso Pablo
Picasso Jacques Lipchitz Georges Braques
Alexsandr Archipenko Robert
Delaunay Julio Gonzalez Fernand Leger
(Purist)
115
(Early 20th Century Artists continued)
Architects Sculptors Painters Mixed Media ()
(Futurists) Umberto Boccioni Giacomo
Balla Gino Severini (Dadists) Marcel
Duchamp Jean (Hans) Arp (collage) Marcel
Duchamp Hannah Hoch
(collage) Kurt Schwitters
(collage) (Realists The Eight) John
Sloan (Artists Representing Diverse Styles
Brought to light as a result of the Armory Show
in 1913) Marcel Duchamp Alfred Steiglitz
(photography) Marsden Hartley Edward Weston
(photography)
Stuart Davis
Man Ray Aaron Douglas (Precisionists)
Charles Demuth Georgia OKeeffe
116
(Early 20th Century Artists continued)
Architects Sculptors Painters Mixed Media
() (Neue Sachlichkeit New
Objectivity) George Grosz Max
Beckmann Otto Dix (Additional Postwar
German Artists) Wilhelm Lehmbruck Kathe
Kollwitz (etching) Ernst Barlach (Surrealist
and Fantasy Artists) Georgio de
Chirico Salvador Dali Max Ernst Rene
Magritte Meret Oppenheim Frida Kahlo Joan
Miro Paul Klee
117
(Early 20th Century Artists continued)
Architects Sculptors Painters Mixed Media
() (Suprematists and Constructivists) Vladimir
Tatlin Naum Gabo Kazimir Malevich (De
Stijl) Gerrit Thomas Rietveld Piet
Mondrian (Bauhaus) Walter Gropius Josef
Albers Laszlo Moholy-Nagy Ludwig Mies van der
Rohe (photography) Marcel
Breuer (furniture design) Gunta
Stolz (weaving) (The International Style) Le
Corbusier (Art Deco) William van
Alen (Natural / Organic Style) Frank Lloyd
Wright Constantin Brancusi Barbara
Hepworth Henry Moore Alexander Calder
118
(Early 20th Century Artists continued)
Architects Sculptors Painters Mixed Media
() (Political Art and Artists) Vera
Mukhina Pablo Picasso (Great Depression
Artists) Edward Hopper Dorothea Lange
(photography) Jacob Lawrence (Regionalists)
Grant Wood Thomas Hart
Benton (Mexican Muralists) Jose Clemente
Orozco Diego Rivera
119
Comparison Section
120
Compare the use of mass, space, and
decorative detail in the Villa Rotunda
(Fig. 22-56), Blenheim (Fig. 24-75),
Chiswick House (Fig. 28-27), the Villa
Savoye (Fig. 33-64), and the Kaufmann
House (Fig. 33-68). Which do you
like best? Why?
(Fig. 22-56)
(Fig. 24-74)
(Fig. 28-27)
(Fig. 33-64)
(Fig. 33-68)
121
(Fig. 33-69)

(Fig. 33-53)
1  Compare Brancusis Bird in Space (Fig.
33-69), with Gabos Column (Fig. 33-53). In
what ways are the forms similar and in what ways
are they different? How does each artist
explain the techniques and goals of his art?
122
Additional Online Resources
123
Matisse
Frank Lloyd Wright
Grant Wood
Modernism
Picasso
(Click on images to visit sites)
Dali
Edward Hopper
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