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West African Culture

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Title: West African Culture & Drama Author: Ashli Gore Last modified by: Ashli Gore Created Date: 2/9/2009 2:16:24 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: West African Culture


1
West AfricanCulture Drama
  • Anansis Rescue from the River

2
Location
http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Africa http//en
.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghana
3
Climate Geography
  • Africa has vast climates
  • Undergoing climate changes
  • West Africa
  • Part Rainforest, part Sahel
  • Extremely wet and humid
  • Mostly brown except during Rainy season
  • High temperatures
  • Mainly flat land

http//bptravel.tripod.com/yafrica.htm http//www.
pbs.org/wnet/africa/explore/rainforest/rainforest_
overview_lo.html
4
Storytelling Characteristics
  • For entertainment and education
  • Passes on cultural stories
  • Emphasizes and supports the values of a people
  • Says who you are and what is special about you
  • Cultivates an attitude of thinking
  • Expresses humanity

Arts Toolkit - Drama
5
West African Storytelling Forms
  • Oral tradition prevalent in African communities
  • Storyteller invites the audience to gather around
    and hear the story
  • Set beginning and ending
  • Audience is stationary (stays)
  • Informal gatherings of friends and family
  • Big ol lie and tells to entertain
  • People come and go

6
West African Storytelling
  • Trickster tales
  • One character outsmarts another
  • Most Anansi the Spider tales are this type
  • Why stories or Myths
  • Set in nature
  • Supernatural beings and heroes
  • How something came to be
  • Why do mosquitoes buzz in peoples ears?
  • The Buzzard and the Monkey

7
African American Storytelling Forms
  • Stylized verbal art
  • Found on street corners
  • Rap poems
  • Contemporary slang

8
West African Storytelling
  • Jali or Griots (Storyteller -Musicians)
  • Still tell stories today because they are
    responsible for teaching the stories to their
    people and making sure that they understand them
  • Tales about relationships within family, doing
    good without being told, getting along,
    responsibility
  • Life of service helping others
  • Kwaku means Uncle (Village Elder)
  • Name of male child born on Wednesday
  • Important in Ashanti culture as the Uncle is
    responsible for nieces nephews

9
Nana Yaa Asantewaa
  • Louisville, KY native
  • Graduated from University of Louisville
  • Received many awards achievements
  • Traveled west African countries to study oral
    traditions culture

Gloria Bivens
http//www.ket.org/cgi-bin/fw_louisvillelife.exe/d
b/ket/dmps/Programs?dotopictopicidLOUL010045i
dLOUL
10
Mama Yaas Performance
  • Carries cow tail switch (African tradition for
    storytellers)
  • Headress and clothing
  • Importance of singing, drumming, and dancing to
    communicate messages and retell stories
  • Plays balaphone
  • Ashanti people today are great artisans

11
Anansi the Spider Folktales
  • Father was the sky god
  • Ashanti, Nyames
  • Most Anansi tales are trickster tales
  • Our tale is a traditional West African
    Folktale/Myth
  • Myths explain how something came to be
  • Shows Anansis wisdom in Anansis Rescue from
    the River

12
Post Viewing Activities
  • List and describe how these elements of drama
    were used in the performance
  • Literary
  • Technical
  • Performance

13
Post Viewing Activities
  • What purpose(s) of drama did this performance
    meet?
  • Sharing the human experience
  • Passing on tradition and culture
  • Recreational
  • Artistic expression

14
Post Viewing Activities
  • List and describe how these elements of drama
    were used in the performance
  • Literary
  • Technical
  • Performance

15
Prose vs. Drama
  • Compare and contrast this performance, storyline
    and format to the book, Anansi by Gerald
    McDermott

16
More Info
  • Explore Africa with Anansi
  • http//www.pbs.org/wonders/Kids/kids.htm
  • Why Anansi has Eight Thin Legs
  • http//www.africa.mrdonn.org/anansi.html
  • Anansi the Spider by Gerald McDermott (Caldecott
    Winner)
  • http//www.geraldmcdermott.com/index.htm
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