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Erich Maria Remarque

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Erich Maria Remarque Erich Paul Remark (1898 - 1970) German author Sources: http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/remarque.htm and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Maria_Remarque – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Erich Maria Remarque


1
Erich Maria Remarque
  • Erich Paul Remark
  • (1898 - 1970)
  • German author

Sources http//www.kirjasto.sci.fi/remarque.htm
and http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erich_Maria_Remar
que
2
Early Life
  • Born on 22 June 1898 in a working-class
  • family in the German city of Osnabruck
  • At the age of sixteen or seventeen he made his
    first attempts at writing essays, poems, and the
    beginnings of a novel that was finished later and
    published in 1920 as The Dream Room
  • At age 18, Remarque, a third-year student at a
    teachers' training college, was drafted into the
    German army.

3
Participation in World War I
  • November 1916 Drafted into the German Army
  • Sent to the Western Front (Belgium)
  • Worked in a support unit behind the lines (laying
    barbed wire and building bunkers and dugouts to
    fortify gun sites)
  • July 1917 Wounded by shrapnel in the left leg,
    right arm and neck while retrieving an injured
    soldier during an attack
  • Spent the rest of the war recuperating in a
    hospital in Germany

4
All Quiet on the Western Front
  • All Quiet on the Western Front was written in a
    few months in 1927
  • Published in 1929
  • Sold 2.5 million copies in twenty-five languages
    in its first eighteen months in print.
  • The story is narrated in first person in a cool
    style, a contrast to patriotic rhetoric.

5
Film
  • In 1930 the book was turned into an Oscar-winning
    movie of the same name.
  • The film's premiere was disrupted by Nazi gangs
    Remarque was accused of pacifism. It was not
    until the 1950s the film was shown again in West
    Germany.
  • The film was denounced by Goebbels as
    anti-German, but the Poles banned it for being
    pro-German.
  • In France it was prohibited until 1962.

6
Later Life
  • In 1932 Remarque moved to Switzerland
  • In 1933, the Nazis banned and burned his works
  • In 1938 Remarque lost his German citizenship.
  • In 1939 he emigrated to the United States, where
    in 1947 he became a citizen.
  • He died on September 25, 1970 in Switzerland.

7
Legacy
  • With All Quiet on the Western Front, Remarque
    became a spokesman of "a generation that was
    destroyed by war, even though it might have
    escaped its shells," as he said himself.
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