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Pharmacy 151 Introduction to Pharmacy Law

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Pharmacy 151 Introduction to Pharmacy Law Chapter 7 State Regulation of Pharmacy Practice Objectives Identify the advantages and disadvantages of government ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pharmacy 151 Introduction to Pharmacy Law


1
Pharmacy 151Introduction to Pharmacy Law
  • Chapter 7
  • State Regulation of Pharmacy Practice

2
Objectives
  • Identify the advantages and disadvantages of
    government regulation of professional practice
  • Describe the purpose of the state board of
    pharmacy
  • Recognize the functions of a state board of
    pharmacy
  • Discuss the grounds for disciplinary action
    against a licensed pharmacist

3
Objectives (contd)
  • Describe the process through which disciplinary
    action is taken against a licensed pharmacist
  • Describe the state regulation of institutional
    pharmacy practice
  • Discuss state regulation of third-party
    prescription programs
  • Describe the movement toward regulating outcomes

4
Objectives of licensure
  • To increase the quality of health care
  • Reduce the cost of health care
  • To inhibit the criminal abuse of drugs

5
Advantages and Disadvantages
6
State Board of Pharmacy
  • Purpose
  • To protect the public health, safety, and
    welfare
  • National Organization
  • National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
    (NABP)
  • Licensing
  • Grants licenses to pharmacists and pharmacies

7
Licensing of Pharmacists
  • Graduation from an accredited pharmacy school
  • Completion of specified internship requirements
  • Attainment of a specified age
  • A passing score on the licensure exams
  • Demonstration of good moral character

8
Licensing Pharmacies
  • Issued if standards relating to structure are
    meet (e.g., equipment), library, and assurance of
    pharmacist supervision
  • Each location must have a license

9
Actions Against a License
  • Suspension
  • Revocation
  • Fines
  • Letters

10
Institutional Practice
  • Some practice acts do not regulate hospital
    pharmacy practice
  • Remember medication orders of inpatients are not
    prescriptions
  • Filling prescriptions for outpatients and
    employees requires the hospital to obtain a
    pharmacy license or permit
  • Majority of long-term facilities do not have a
    pharmacy and obtain the residents medications
    for local pharmacies

11
Third-Party Plans
  • Prescription programs managed by PBMs
  • Problems
  • Inadequate professional fees
  • Inadequate reimbursement of product acquisition
    costs
  • Unequal negotiating power
  • Unfair audits
  • Insolvent plans
  • Slow payments

12
Outcomes Regulation
  • Health Care Quality Measures
  • Structure
  • Process
  • Outcomes
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