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Connecting Classroom project


Some Common Spices In the kitchen, spices are distinguished from herbs, which are leafy, ... Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Connecting Classroom project

Connecting Classroom project
  • Done by Zara Ahmed

  • Any aromatic vegetable substance used as a
    condiment and flavoring food is called spice.
  • Spices are mostly obtained from tropical plants,
    and include pepper, nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon and
    many more.
  • They have little food value

but increase the appetite and may help in
Some Common Spices
  • In the kitchen, spices are distinguished from
    herbs, which are leafy, green plant parts used
    for flavoring purposes. Herbs, such as basil or
    oregano, may be used fresh, and are commonly
    chopped into smaller pieces.
  • Spices, however, are dried and often ground or
    grated into a powder. Small seeds, such as fennel
    and mustard seeds, are used both whole and in
    powder form.
  • Some of the common spices used in our kitchen are
    chilies, cardamom (elaichee), ginger, pepper,
    nutmeg (jaiphhal), cloves (laung), turmeric
    (haldi), cumin seeds and many more.

Benefits of Some Spices
  • Chilies Chilies are added to food for flavoring,
    it spices up the food. It contains a lot of
    Vitamin C in it.
  • Black Pepper Black pepper is mostly used in
    foods for flavoring. It is also turned into oil
    which is used in different kinds of massages.
  • Cloves Cloves are not just used in foods but
    they are also used in dentistry. Cloves are used
    both as a flavoring food and as a medicine.

  • Turmeric This yellow powder is one of the best
    healers, it is used in many sorts of medicines.
    It helps digestion and it helps to loose weight.
  • Cumin seeds There not just seeds but they help
    treating kidney and liver disorders. Black cumin
    seeds are used in treating asthma and arthritis.
    They also helps in digestion.
  • Cardamom Cardamom comes in into colors green and
    black, they both are used in food for flavoring,
    cardamom has a lovely odour. Some people may use
    it as a mouth freshener. It is also used to make

The First Usage of Spice
  • The earliest evidence of the use of spice by man
    was around 50,000 BC.
  • The spice trade developed throughout the Middle
    East in around 2000 BC with cinnamon, Indonesian
    cinnamon and pepper. The Egyptians used herbs for
    embalming and their need for exotic herbs helped
    stimulate world trade. In fact, the word spice
    comes from the same root as species, meaning
    kinds of goods.
  • By 1000 BC China and India had a medical system
    based upon herbs. Early uses were connected with
    magic, medicine, religion, tradition and

Classification of Spices
  • The basic classification of spices is as
  • Leaves or branches of aromatic plants all parts
    of the plant can be used. For example basil, bay
    leaf, parsley, coriander, tarragon and thyme.
  • Ripened fruits or seeds of plants. Examples
    include dill, fennel, mustard, and black pepper.
  • Roots or bulbs of certain plants. Such as garlic
    and ginger.

Different Kind of Spices
Gram Masala
  • The word Gram Masala comes from the Urdu word
    Garam Masala, garam meaning "hot" and masala
    means "paste".
  • It is a basic blend of ground spices to be used
    alone or with other seasonings.
  • It is common in Pakistani,
  • Bangladeshi and Indian cuisines.
  • It is usually added in food to make it hot and

Ingredients in Gram Masala
  • Usually gram masala differs according to region.
    There are a variety of gram masalas.
  • Some common ingredients are black and white
    peppercorns, cloves, bay leaves,
  • Varying combinations of these and other spices
    are used in regional variants of gram masala.

long pepper, black cumin, cumin seeds, cinnamon,
black and green cardamom, nutmeg, mace, star
anise and coriander seeds.
Medical Uses of Spices
  • Chili peppers can provide pain relief for
    migraine headaches and sinus infections.
  • The heat of the pepper helps to stimulate
    secretions that aid in clearing mucus from your
    nose and combating nasal congestion.
  • Theres a research saying that
  • Chili Peppers Fight Cancer.
  • It contains a lot of vitamin C.
  • They also help burn fat and lose weight, chilies
    also protects your heart in many ways.

Black pepper
  • Black peppers are not only used in foods but they
    have many health benefits too.
  • It can be also used in massage to relax tired
  • Its penetrating oil has a warm, stimulating
  • It is used to treat aching muscles

arthritis, chilblains, constipation, muscle
cramps, poor circulation
and sluggish digestion.
  • Ginger is a spice which is used for cooking and
    is also consumed whole as a delicacy or medicine.
    It is the underground stem of the ginger plant.
  • There is a wide range of benefits of ginger such
    as nausea, digestive problems, circulation and
    arthritis. Ginger is also known to have

the ability to calm an upset stomach and to
promote the flow of bile. Stomach cramps can be
eased and circulation can also be improved.
  • Ginger supports a healthy cardiovascular system
    by making platelets less sticky which in turn
    reduces circulatory problems.
  • Ginger oil used for massage can help relieve
    painful arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory
    properties. Ginger is often included in many
    herbal decongestants and can help to minimize the
    symptoms of respiratory conditions, colds and

  • Turmeric is one of nature's most powerful
  • It has shown promise in treating cancer, obesity,

    arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, psoriasis and
  • Turmeric reduces fats. It also aids
  • blood circulation and purifies it.
  • Turmeric also helps digestion and is believed to
    help the body against germs (bacteria).

  • Black and green, both forms of cardamom are used
    as flavorings in both food and drink, as cooking
    spices and as a medicine.
  • The usual type of cardamom is used as a spice, a
    masticator and in medicine.
  • It is also smoked sometimes,
  • cardamom cigarettes are very popular at some
  • It is used as a food plant by
  • the larva.

  • Nutmeg is a very popular spice used for flavoring
    food and beverages and also is known for many
    health benefits.
  • Nutmeg is usually associated with sweet, spicy

    dishes pies, custards, puddings,  
  • cookies and spice cakes.
  • It combines well with many kinds of cheeses.

  • The health benefits of cloves include the
    prevention of toxicity from contaminants such as
    tetra chloromethane, cancers related to the
    digestive tract, and joint inflammation.
  • In a number of medical studies, the essential
    oils of cloves are used in dentistry in
    coincidence with root canal treatment, short-term
    cavity fillings, and common gum ache.
  • Clove tea is really healthy, it has antifungal
    benefits and its a really good, medical tea.

  • The chemical compounds in clove join to make
    clove a soft anesthetic in addition to an
    anti-bacterial agent.

  • Cinnamon does not only tastes good, it also
    contains many health benefits such as,
    Anti-Clotting and Anti-Microbial actions, Blood
    Sugar Control, it boosts Brain Function.
  • It's Calcium and Fiber protect against
  • Heart Disease and improve Colon Health.
  • Cinnamon is also used for colds, flatulence,
    nausea, diarrhea and painful menstrual periods.

  • It's also believed to improve energy, vitality,
    and circulation and be particularly useful for
    people who tend to feel hot in their upper body
    but have cold feet.
  • Its oil is obtained from waste bark and is used
    as flavoring in food and medicine.

Cumin Seeds
  • Cumin seeds are added in foods, it's not just a
    flavoring food but it has many medical benefits.
  • Cumin seeds are known to be really powerful in
    treating kidney and liver disorders and some
    studies reveal the potency of black cumin seeds
    in treating asthma and arthritis.
  • Cumin seeds possess an aromatic

chemical organic compound known as Cumin
aldehyde, which is an integral constituent of its
essential oil that is responsible for its healing
  • This volatile oil in cumin seeds helps in
    activating the salivary glands and facilitates
    the digestion of food.
  • The cumin seeds are also rich in dietary fiber
    and are believed to be an effective remedy
    against piles.

Pakistans Major Production of Spices
  • Pakistan produces a variety of spices. The major
    spices produced in our country are red chilies,
    black pepper, garlic, coriander, cloves, cumin
    seeds, fenugreek seeds and turmeric.
  • Early records say that in 1995 Pakistan produced
    about 94,8704 of chili peppers and 382,6725 of
    garlic in one year.
  • Pakistan not only produces spices but it exports
    them to. We might import some spices from India,
    Sri Lanka and some other countries.

  • In all over Asia, we might be called a minor
    producer of spices but still the quality of our
    spices is one of the best.