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Elizabethan Times and Romeo and Juliet

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Title: Elizabethan Times and Romeo and Juliet


1
Elizabethan Times and Romeo and Juliet
  • Mrs. Fleming
  • English I

2
Elizabethan audiences differ from todays
audiences in the following ways
  • Audiences participated in the experience.
  • Actors directly addressed the audience sometimes
    the audience answered back.

3
Elizabethan Theater
  • Performances were given everyday except Sunday,
    from two to five to take advantage of the
    sunlight.
  • Theatre managers could not advertise to draw
    customers. Instead, they flew flags as show time
    neared black for tragedy, white for comedy, and
    red for history.

4
Elizabethan Theater
  • Theaters did not have restrooms or intermissions.
    Playhouses usually smelled of urine, ginger,
    garlic, tobacco, and sweat (few Elizabethans
    bathed).

5
Elizabethan Theater
  • Rehearsal time was minimal. Actors learned their
    parts in about a week. A leading man would learn
    and retain over seventy different roles in three
    years.

6
Elizabethan Theatre
  • There was no producer or director the actors
    were in complete control of the production.

7
The Stage
  • There were three tiers to the stage,
    corresponding to earth, heaven, and hell.
  • Behind the stage were the tiring (attiring) or
    dressing rooms.

8
The Stage
  • Scenery and props were minimal. Actors described
    the setting through dialogue called scene
    painting.
  • Costumes were often the castoffs of the
    aristocratic patron. Actors also wore make-up,
    an abomination to the Puritans.

9
The Actors
  • Since women were forbidden to act on the public
    stage, female roles were played by prepubescent
    boys.

10
The Theatre (thats its name)
  • Built in 1576 by James Burbage.
  • The first theater in England.
  • First time the word was used to refer to a
    building used specifically to stage plays.

11
The Theatre (thats its name)
  • Lost its lease in 1597. Burbages sons
    demolished the building on December 28, 1598 and
    transported its timbers across the Thames River.
    They later reused that wood to build The Globe.

12
Shakespeare
  • Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon,
    England.
  • Received an excellent education.
  • Married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 and she was
    26. They had three children together Susanna,
    Hamnet, and Judith.

13
Shakespeare
  • Moved to London to become an actor.
  • Became known for acting, as well as writing.
  • Wrote a total of 37 plays 17 comedies, 10
    histories, and 10 tragedies.

14
Shakespeare
  • Prospered under Queen Elizabeth I, who supported
    the theater.
  • Retired in approximately 1613.
  • Died April 23, 1616. He is buried in
    Stratford-upon-Avon at the Holy Trinity church.

15
Romeo and Juliet
  • Among the earliest plays that Shakespeare wrote.
  • Based upon Arthur Brookes The Tragicall Historye
    of Romeus and Juliet.
  • Most of the Elizabethan audience knew that the
    story would end tragically.
  • This play is often listed as a frequently
    censored book because of sexual content and the
    age of the main characters.

16
The Feud
  • House of Capulet
  • Julietdaughter of Capulet
  • Tybaltnephew of Lady Capulet, Juliets cousin
  • NurseJuliets nanny
  • CapuletJuliets father
  • Lady CapuletJuliets mother
  • House of Montague
  • Romeo-son of Montague
  • Mercutioa relative of the Prince of Verona and
    friend of Romeo
  • Benvolionephew of Montague and friend of Romeo
  • Lord MontagueRomeos father
  • Lady MontagueRomeos mother

17
The Feud
  • Other Characters
  • Parisa young noble and relative of the Prince.
    Juliets suitor
  • Prince Escalusruler of Verona
  • Friar LaurenceRomeos confidante and spiritual
    leader, the two lovers co-conspirator.
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