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Fort%20Sumter

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Fort Sumter. Pages 497-500. No Time to Celebrate ... Lincoln's goal was to keep Fort Sumter under Union control. A Tough Decision ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fort%20Sumter


1
Fort Sumter
  • Pages 497-500

2
No Time to Celebrate
  • Lincoln had little time to celebrate winning the
    election.
  • He wanted to save the Union and keep the country
    together.
  • Seven states had already seceded from the Union.

3
Decisions - Decisions
  • Some people told Lincoln to just let the Southern
    states go.
  • Others said he should give in on slavery and hope
    the Southern states would return.
  • Some thought Lincoln should use the army to end
    the revolt.

4
Losing Control
  • When the Southern states seceded, they took
    control of post offices, forts, and other federal
    property in their states.
  • Fort Sumter, a fort on an island off the coast of
    South Carolina, remained under Union control.
  • Major Robert Anderson was the commander of the
    fort.

5
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6
Fort Sumter
  • Major Anderson sent word to President Lincoln
    that supplies at the fort were almost gone.
  • He told President Lincoln that if fresh supplies
    were not sent he would be forced to surrender the
    fort to the Confederacy.
  • Lincolns goal was to keep Fort Sumter under
    Union control.

7
A Tough Decision
  • Lincoln had a few choices
  • He could send supplies to the fort but
    Southerners might attack.
  • He could send troops to the fort but Southerners
    would surely attack then.
  • He could choose to do nothing at all which would
    mean he was giving the fort up to the Confederacy.

8
Lincolns Choice
  • President Lincoln decided that he should send
    supply ships to the fort and wait to see how
    Southerners would react.

9
President Jefferson Davis
  • President Jefferson Davis had to make a decision.
    His goal was to take control of Fort Sumter for
    the Confederacy.

10
Daviss Choice
  • President Davis made a choice that would possibly
    result in war.
  • Davis decided to take over the fort before Union
    ships arrived with fresh supplies.
  • On April 12, 1861, Confederate leaders demanded
    that Union forces surrender Fort Sumter.
  • Major Anderson refused.

11
Shots Fired
  • The Confederate troops fired on the fort.
  • The next day Major Anderson ran out of ammunition
    and had to give up.
  • President Lincoln asked Americans to join the
    army and stop the rebellion.

12
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13
More States Secede
  • Fearing that Northern armies would march into the
    south, the states of Virginia, Arkansas,
    Tennessee, and North Carolina joined the seven
    states that had already left the Union.
  • A total of 11 states were now part of the
    Confederacy.
  • The Civil War had begun.

14
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15
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