Partition Independence clips 11 (reality vs. the government rhetoric)
4 Race Relations
Hindus-- 83 Muslims() -- 11 . ChristiansSikhs() Indias armed forcesBuddhistsJains()-- Parsee descendants of Zoroastrian Persian immigrants among the richest groups in IndiaJews -- in the Southern State of Kelara
5 The Partition of India
August 14 1947 birth of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
August 15 1947 birth of India
6 Two speeches
Leave India to God. If that is too much then leave her to anarchy. --My Appeal to the British Gandhi May 1942
At the stroke of the midnight hour while the world sleeps India will awake to life and freedom...A moment comes which comes but rarely in history when we step out from the old to the new when an age ends and when the soul of a nation long suppressed finds utterance...
Indias first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
7 Reasons for Partition
The British had followed a divide-and-rule policy in India.
An ideological divide between the Muslims and the Hindus of India. E.g.1. Mughal .2. .3. .
8 Impact and Aftermath
Muslims Hindus Sikhs migrations and uprooting (6 million Muslims to Pakistan 5 million Hindus and Sikhs to India)
Riots and violence e.g. ghost trains
Division of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal
Ruined economies and lands no established experienced system of government.
Separation of Pakistan and Bangladesh in 1971.
Wars between India and Pakistan deadlocked over Kashmir.
9 EARTH (1998)
Director Deepa Mehta
Adapted from Bapsi Sidhwas semi-autobiographical novel Cracking India (the film a simplified version see Sidhwas account)
10 Deepa Mehta
Born in India in 1949 based in Toronto since 1973
Her feature films 1. Sam Me
Earththe partition of India
Waterlives of Indian child widows in the 1930s. (Her set destroyed in Varanisi and her life threatened.)
11 Love Hatred before during the Partition Period
Describe how the different races are presented. (e.g. Race Relations in the film clips 2 9 Parsee clips 5 )
How is partition presented What are the symbols used Ironies (clips 4 12)
What are the significances of the park scenes and the friends meetings What is the symbolic meaning of the park (clips 3 7 9 16 18 ending)
12 Partition Seen thru Ironies Symbols
Symbols broken plate torn doll
Partition // the breakup of the group of friends
Ironies kite flying riots the changes in Shentas fate happiness in the park and the desolate park.
13 Characters across the Racial Divide
Compare the characters of Hassen and Dil Navaz.
Discuss Dil Navazs changes in the film. Why do think the original novel is subtitled The Ice Candy Man
What do you think about the betrayal at the end of the film
14 Characters across the Racial Divide
Ice Candy Good at poetry and performances
Tendency to violence
Lion in everybodys heart.
Quiet and gentle
Wants racial harmony
Willing to convert to Hinduism for Shenta
The other responses escape convert to Islam Christianity helpless in front of the mob. 15 The Roles of Women and Children
The child bride (untouchable) saved by marrying a Christian dwarf
The Muslim refugee child (clip 14)
Lenny unhappy birthday breaking plate and doll nightmare
16 Lenny as the narrator
Narrative frame Lenny 58 (1997) Lenny 8 (1947)
A childs perspectivea witness of the trauma of partition in the individual dramas of love and rivalries the breaking up of the nation/frienship the violence and the distortion of human nature
Q Why does the director choose to tell the story from Lennys perspective
innocence Parsees neutrality
My Appeal to the British http//sourcebook.fsc.e du/history/gandhi.html
The first steps of a new nation http//www.cnn.com/WORLD/9708/India97/india/panora ma.tumultuous.times/
PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.
You can use PowerShow.com to find and download example online PowerPoint ppt presentations on just about any topic you can imagine so you can learn how to improve your own slides and presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!
For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.com are free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShow.com today - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!