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CULTURE

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B. Culture includes language, religious beliefs, clothing styles, eating habits and music. ... 3. Exception Brazil influenced by Portugal, Africa and Native ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CULTURE


1
CULTURE
  • A GROUP OF PEOPLES WAY OF LIFE

2
Teacher page
  • Content Geography
  • Grade Level 7
  • Creator R. Schultz
  • Curriculum OBJ/MAP Standard/IBD See following
    slide

3
Teacher Page
  • Students will
  • Discuss and practice the major elements of
    geographic study and analysis and their
    relationship to changes in society and
    environment.
  • Study the relationships of the individual and
    groups to institutions and cultural traditions.
  • Use the tools of social science inquiry
  • Compare different regions of the world and
    understand major world issues

4
INTRODUCTION
  • B. Culture includes language, religious beliefs,
    clothing styles, eating habits and music.
  • C. Through culture people have adapted to many
    physical environments around the world.
  • D. The use of natural resources is directly
    related to the economy of a culture.

5
Culture
  • How do cultures around the world differ?
  • How are they similar?

6
CULTURAL ELEMENTS
  • A. Enculturation is the process of learning a
    culture. We learn culture as members of society.
    This includes learning to speak and to know the
    values of your society.

7
Cultural Elements
  • B. Material culture physical objects such as
    clothing, buildings and art objects.

8
Cultural Elements
  • C. Nonmaterial culture language, customs,
    values mainly ideas.

9
Culture
  • Discuss the differences between material and
    non-material culture.

10
Cultural elements..cont.
  • Culture shock feeling uneasy in a culture
    different from your own.

11
Culture Shock
  • Write a short story in which the main character
    experiences culture shock.

12
Present Day Cultures
  • Result from thousands of years of change.
  • Fire colder climates

13
Present Day Cultures
  • Tools sharp rocks (grinding, cutting, scraping)

14
Present Day Cultures
  • Agriculture (8000 BC) allowed for the growth of
    cities

15
Present Day Cultures
  • Cities people meet and exchange ideas
    cultural diffusion

16
Present Day Cultures
  • Writing 3000 BC China and SW Asia

17
Culture
  • Explain how culture has evolved.

18
Cultural Differences and Similarities
  • Prehistoric times simple cultures finding
    food

19
Cultural Differences and Similarities
  • Todays cultures complex
  • Difference (1) technology term used to
    describe all the tools, machines and processes
    used to provide goods and services (2) in
    industrial countries technology is very complex

20
Cultural Differences and Similarities
  • Simple and Complex are Similar
  • 1. everyone needs food, shelter, clothing

21
Cultural Differences and Similarities
  • 2. all assign power and responsibility to ensure
    order and survival

22
Culture
  • Compare and contrast simple and complex cultures.

23
Major World Regions
  • A. Anglo-America
  • 1. Canada and United States
  • 2. Culture comes primarily from Western Europe,
    especially Great Britain (England).
  • 3. Anglo is a term that comes from the word
    Anglo-Saxon a group of people who settled in
    England around the 5th C BC.

24
Regions .cont.
  • B. Latin America
  • 1. Mexico, countries of Central America,
    Caribbean Islands and South America

25
Regions .cont.
  • 2. Culture comes from the influence of Spain and
    Native Indians
  • 3. Exception Brazil influenced by Portugal,
    Africa and Native Indians
  • 4. Most of these countries are developing
  • 5. Rule by dictators or military leaders common
  • Major Religion - Catholic

26
Regions .cont.
  • C. Europe
  • 1. over 30 independent countries
  • 2. Includes Russia largest country on earth
  • 3. Sub-regions eastern and western Europe

27
Regions .cont.
  • 4. Eastern Europe and Russia use to share the
    same form of govt. communism
  • 5. Western Europe developed economies with
    high standard of living
  • 6. Eastern Europe less developed with lower
    standard of living

28
Regions .cont.
  • D. North Africa and South West Asia
  • 1. Stretches from Morocco to Afghanistan

29
Regions .cont.
  • Religion Islam is what helps make this a
    region
  • Israel exception Jewish
  • Another unifying factor Arabic language
  • Developing countries for the most part - only a
    few exceptions

30
Regions .cont.
  • E. Sub-Saharan Africa
  • 1. Countries that lie south of the Sahara Desert

31
Regions .cont.
  • Language several belonging to the Bantu family
    of languages
  • Only through the 1900s did most of these
    countries gain their independence
  • Most people live in rural areas and rely on
    farming thus developing countries

32
Regions .cont.
  • F. Asia
  • Countries of east Asia trace their culture to
    China

33
Regions .cont.
  • 2.Japan developed or industrialized
  • China the least developed
  • 3. South Asia dominated by India. All countries
    here were once colonies of Great Britain and are
    for the most part developing.
  • 4. Most south Asians are farmers and the two
    major religions are Hinduism and Islam
  • 5. Southeast Asias culture is a mix of South
    Asia and East Asia.

34
Regions .cont.
  • G. Oceania
  • 1. Cultures of Australia and New Zealand are
    related to Europe, especially Great Britain

35
Regions .cont.
  • 2. Both share the English language, the same
    kind of government and the same religion
  • 3. Both have high standards of living
  • 4. The rest of the Pacific Islands are grouped
    together because they are all islands of the
    Pacific area.

36
Culture Regions
  • Choose two regions in the world and compare and
    contrast their culture.

37
Global Culture
  • Refers to the spread of common elements of
    culture to many different areas of the world.
  • Speed of communication and computers has helped
    this process
  • Interdependence of countries in world trade has
    also helped
  • Migration, or moving of people has also
    contributed
  • Migration is another way in which the diffusion
    of ideas takes place

38
Global Culture.cont.
  • Most countries today have more than one culture
  • Westernization has to do with the growth of
    power of countries in Western Europe beginning in
    the 16th Century

39
Global Culturecont.
  • Acculturation one culture being imposed upon
    another occurred as a result of western
    colonization
  • Some aspects of the less powerful group will also
    be adopted
  • The influence of western culture has continued
    throughout the 1900s

40
Culture
  • How do you think culture around the world will
    change as we become more and more a global
    society?
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