Examine the role geography and climate played in the settlement of the Indian subcontinent.
Investigate how people in the first Indus River valley civilization lived.
3 The Importance of Geography and Climate Section 1 Indus River Valley
Physical geography Himalayas Ganges River Indus River
The climate monsoons and high temperatures
4 Early Civilization in the Indus Section 1 Indus River Valley
Large carefully planned cities
Facilities for storage and distribution of surplus food
5 Objectives Section 2 Indo-Aryan Migrants
Explain how life in northern India changed with the coming of the Indo-Aryans.
Identify the major contributions of the Indo-Aryans to ancient Indian society.
6 The Nomadic Indo-Aryans Section 2 Indo-Aryan Migrants
The Vedic Age
Indo-Aryan religion from nature
7 Early Indo-Aryan Society Section 2 Indo-Aryan Migrants
Indo-Aryan society settled communities marriage was important
The Indo-Aryan economy barter
8 Section 3 Objectives Section 3 Hinduism and Buddhism
Describe the importance of religion in ancient Indian society.
Identify the principal elements of Hinduism.
Identify the basic beliefs of Buddhism.
9 The Upanishads and the Epics Section 3 Hinduism and Buddhism
Upanishads written explanation of Vedic religion
Upanishads come from the Brahmins
( priests that would perform religious ceremonies)
Epics long poems based on historical or religious themes
Why were the epics written Ordinary people could not read or write so they could not use the Upanishads. They listened to the epics that were told by the priests.
All of the stories were combined into two major epics the Mahabarata and the Ramayana.
Bhagavad Gita- Part of the Mahabarata and one of the most famous of Hindu scriptures. (Pg. 60)
Carvings of dieties at Kanchi Puraam the temple in Madras India. There are millions of gods and goddesses in Hinduism.
12 The God Vishnu- Part of the Epic the Bhagavad Gita 13 A Changing Society Section 3 Hinduism and Buddhism
Varnas social classes
14 Hinduism Section 3 Hinduism and Buddhism
Hindu beliefs monism reincarnation
Hindu religious practices yoga seasonal festivals
15 Buddhism Section 3 Hinduism and Buddhism
The Buddhas teachings reincarnation ethics selflessness
The spread of Buddhism
16 Objectives Section 4 Ancient Indian Dynasties
Explain how the Mauryan rulers increased their power.
Examine the reasons for the decline of Gupta rule.
17 Rise of the Mauryan Empire Section 4 Ancient Indian Dynasties
Chandragupta Maurya powerful leader
Asoka great ruler Buddhist
18 The Gupta Rulers Section 4 Ancient Indian Dynasties
Less centralized rule
Invaders from Asia
19 Objectives Section 5 Ancient Indian Life and Culture
Describe how womens rights were limited in ancient Indian society.
Identify the most important achievements of the Gupta period.
20 Economy and Society Section 5 Ancient Indian Life and Culture
Women were prohibited from owning property
21 Cultural Achievements Section 5 Ancient Indian Life and Culture
Art and architecture
Mathematics and astronomy algebra quadratic equations
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