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Diabetes

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Title: Diabetes


1
Diabetes
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2
  • Content
  • Definition
  • Statistics
  • Did you know
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • Symptoms
  • Risk factors
  • Tests
  • How to manage diabetes

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3
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which results in
    abnormal blood glucose level
  • Due to the dysfunction of pancreas, reduced
    insulin secretion leads to increased sugar in
    body

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4
  • Diabetes statistic
  • 69.1 million people are diabetic in India
  • By the year 2030, over 100 million people will be
    diabetic
  • 415 million people diabetic globally
  • 1 in 11 adults has diabetes globally
  • In every 6 second 1 person dies with diabetes

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5
Did you know?
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6
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Usually diagnosed in child young adult
  • Affected by hereditary
  • Body not able to secret Insulin
  • Also called as juvenile diabetes or insulin
    dependent diabetes
  • In India, every year 70,000 child get affected

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7
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Most common
  • Usually seen in adult
  • Also called as non-insulin dependent diabetes
  • 90 patients with type 2 diabetes out of total
    diabetic population

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8
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Blood sugar levels are high before after
    pregnancy without any diabetic history
  • At high risk of type2 diabetes and cardiovascular
    disease

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9
  • Pre diabetes
  • 77.2 million people in India are said to have
    pre-diabetes
  • Not get categorized under type1 or type2
  • Starts with unhealthy eating and inadequate
    exercise

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10
  • Symptoms of diabetes
  • High blood glucose level
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased thirst (polydipsia)
  • Painful frequent urination (polyuria)
  • Fatigue
  • Increased hunger (polyphagia)
  • Weight loss

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11
  • Risk factors
  • Obesity
  • Poor diet
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Advancing age

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12
Tests for diabetes
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  • 1. FPG (fasting plasma glucose test)
  • Patients must fast for 8 hrs.
  • Blood glucose range
  • Pre-diabetes 100-125 mg/dl
  • Diabetes 126 mg/dl or above
  • 2. OGTT(oral glucose tolerance test)
  • Blood glucose levels are measured to see the body
    reaction
  • Blood glucose range
  • Pre diabetes 140-199 mg/dl
  • Diabetes 200 mg/dl or above

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  • 3. HbA1c ( glycated haemoglobin test)
  • It monitors blood sugar level over the past 2-3
    months
  • If glucose levels have been high over recent
    weeks, the HbA1c test will be higher
  • Range
  • Normal 4-5.6
  • Risk of diabetes- 5.7-6.4
  • Diabetes 6.5 or higher

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15
How to manage diabetes?
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  • Timely medicine
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Daily exercise
  • Adopt healthier lifestyle
  • Healthy eating
  • Being active

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17
About Us ConnectnCare is a socio health network
connecting people globally. We are working round
the clock to ensure better accessibility to
health care system.  
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