DIVIDES POWER BETWEEN TWO SEPARATE AUTHORITIES - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND STATE GOVERNMENTS.
EACH GOVERNMENT ENFORCES ITS OWN LAWS DIRECTLY ON ITS CITIZENS.
BOTH THE FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS PASS LAWS IMPOSE TAXES SPEND MONEY. AND MAINTAIN THEIR OWN COURTS.
NEITHER LEVEL CAN DISSOLVE THE UNION OR AMEND THE CONSTITUTION WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE OTHER.
THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTION IS THE ONLY LEGAL SOURCE OF AUTHORITY.
2 DIVISION OF POWERS IN THE CONSTITUTION
DELEGATED OR ENUMERATED POWERS
POWERS DENIED TO THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
POWERS DENIED TO THE STATE GOVERNMENT
POWERS DENIED TO BOTH NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS
3 TYPES OF FEDERALISM
STATE-CENTERED FEDERALISM (1787-1868)
DUAL FEDERALISM (1868-1913)
COOPERATIVE FEDERALISM (1913-1964)
NEW FEDERALISM (1980-1985)
REPRESENTATIONAL FEDERALISM (1985-1995)
4 Why Federalism
Ensuring Policy Responsiveness
Encouraging Policy Innovation
Some Important Reservations
May obstruct action on national issues.
Permits local leaders to frustrate national policy.
Benefits and costs of governments are spread unevenly.
5 Federal Mandates
Age Discrimination Act 1986
Asbestos Hazard Emergency Act 1986
Safe Drinking Water Act 1986
Clean Air Act 1990
Americans with Disabilities Act 1990
National Voter Registration Act 1993
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