memory cues context (Charlie Chaplain and the scuba divers)
depth of processing easier to find
retrieval failure or memory loss Or forgetting vs. misplacement
Seventh grade classmates
We are forgetting all the time.
Decay-- metabolic processes wear down memory traces
Displacement-- awake vs. asleep during recall interval interference
12 (No Transcript) 13 (No Transcript) 14 Memory Distortions
Errors of commission as opposed to errors of omission-- unwittingly reconstruct an event based on what we think and know
Schemas and scripts (professors office)
Elizabeth Loftus studies of eyewitness testimony
Recovered memories and controversy
Do distortions replace real memories or just interfere with recall
15 Memory Disorders
Two main types of Amenesia
Anterograde (forward) Amnesia
Retrograde (backwards) Amnesia
16 Memory Disorders
problem forming new memories post-injury/operatio n
Korsikoffs Syndrome (chronic alcoholics) Alzheimers patients like H.M. with hippocampal/thalamus damage
can read write converse remember life until damage was done
Right now Im wondering Have I done or said anything amiss You see at this moment everything lookds clear to me but what happened just before Thats what worries me. Its like waking from a drea I just dont remember.
Every day is alone in itself whatever enjoyment Ive had and whatever sorrow Ive had.
18 Memory Disorders
problem loss of memory for some period before brain injury
ECT and head traumas
trace consolidation theory -- memory hasnt had time to become firmly established but... several years
sometimes memories do come back gradually
19 Memory Disorders
What amnesiacs can do
procedural memory tasks (mirror tracing)
implicit memory tasks ( _L_P_A_T)
20 Memory in the Brain
Important brain areas
Pre-frontal cortex--retrieval working memory
Hippocampus other parts of Thalamus--long-term memories
Amygdala--emotional events fear conditioning
Occipital Temporal Lobes--visual memories
21 (No Transcript) 22 HIPPOCAMPUS
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