Leading cause of bacterial diarrheal illness in US
Estimated 2.4 million cases each year in the US
In CA there were 5736 cases reported in 2001
Occurs as isolated sporadic events not as a part of large outbreaks.
Children under five years and young adults (15-29) are more frequently affected.
Contaminated food (particularly poultry)
Contact with infected animals (particularly cats and puppies).
Can be spread from person to person by the fecal-oral route.
5 Poultry and Campylobacter
80 of poultry for human consumption is contaminated with Campylobacter.
Symptoms of campylobacteriosis usually occur within 2 to 10 days
Diarrhea (may contain blood or mucus)
Most infected persons with Campylobacter will recover without any specific treatment.
In severe cases antibiotics can be used.
Urinary tract infections
Reactive arthritis (rare and almost always short-term)
Guillain-Barre syndrome an unusual type of paralysis (rare).
Wash hands before preparing or serving foods.
Teach children to wash their hands after toileting and before eating.
Wash all contact surfaces (e.g. cutting boards)
Animal stools should also be considered to be contaminated. Wash after handling or close contact. (e.g. cleaning litter box).
Wash hands after contact with animals in petting zoos.
Do not contaminate cooked foods with uncooked foods.
Do not place cooked poultry/meat on cutting board which was used to prepare raw poultry/meat.
How old is your cutting board
Be sure that meats and poultry are fully cooked using a meat thermometer
Cook poultry to an internal temperature of 165oF
Cook pork to an internal temperature of 145oF
Where is your meat thermometer
Refrigerate poultry and meats immediately.
Keep poultry and other meats in refrigerator at 41oF or less.
When was the last time you checked the temperature in your refrigerator
To protect the public anyone who is infected with Campylobacter should not work as a food handler patient care provider dairy processor or child care provider until there is no longer a risk of infecting others.
14 Sites for further information
15 Contact Information
Health and Human Services Agency
Suspect Food borne Illness
Dept of Environmental Health
(619) 338-2356 or fhdutyeh_at_sdcounty.ca.gov
Presentation prepared by Student Beck GoldbergMPH
Graduate School of Public Health
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