JUDAISM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – JUDAISM PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: a59fd-YmJhM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

JUDAISM

Description:

holiday celebrations commemorate historic events ... Jews look to God's action in the world. Sacred Texts. The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:541
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: mcha7
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: JUDAISM


1
JUDAISM
2
Judaism
  • Worldwide 14,551,000 Jews
  • US 5.6 million
  • Asia 4.5 million
  • Europe 2.4 million
  • Many different groups/divisions of Judaism that
    exist
  • Conflicting beliefs about observances, etc.

3
Importance of History
  • The basis of the Jewish religion is its history.
    It is the most important aspect.
  • demonstrated through the celebration of life
    cycle events in peoples lives
  • holiday celebrations commemorate historic events
  • The key event is the Exodus from Egypt (recorded
    Book of Exodus)
  • Many important aspects of observances are linked
    to this event

4
(No Transcript)
5
  • From the beginning, the Jewish people have
    interpreted acts of history as God acting on
    behalf of the Jewish people
  • Either to promote them or to punish them
  • History is seen as the story of Gods
    intervention in the lives of His Chosen People

6
Six Periods of Jewish History
  • The Patriarchs Abraham?Moses (19th - 13th cent.
    BCE)
  • Moses?the Hebrew Monarchy (13th - 6th cent. BCE)
  • The Babylonian Exile and Post Exilic Judaism (6th
    cent BCE - 1st cent. CE) ("Second Temple" period)
  • Rabbinic period (1st - 7th cent CE)
  • Medieval Judaism (7th - 18th cent. CE)
  • Modern Judaism (18th cent. - current)

7
Judaism as a Race
  • Judaism is an ethnic religion
  • Began as a religion of an extended family, a
    tribe of peoples known as the Hebrews
  • Jewish people today continue to think of
    themselves as a family, a nation of peoples, as
    well as a religion
  • God is understood by the Jews to intervene, to
    act, in and through history time and again,
    especially in the history of Israel (the people)
  • Jews look to Gods action in the world

8
Sacred Texts
  • The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh
  • Known by Christians as "Old Testament
  • contains the same books as the Christian version
    but in a different order after the first five
  • Considered revealed and inspired by God
  • Interpretation of early history of the Hebrew
    people, establishment of a nation
  • Story of Gods interaction with His "Chosen
    People" (His-Story)
  • Foundation of Jewish life
  • Called the Bible
  • (Biblia) means "little books
  • Actually a library of 39 independent books
    divided into 3 categories

9
The 3 Categories
  • Torah
  • Most important text
  • Divine instruction and guidance or "Written Law
  • Books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers,
    Deuteronomy
  • Covers history from creation through the Exodus
    and wandering in the desert
  • 613 commandments from God

10
Continued
  • 2. Prophets Words and revelations of the minor
    and major prophets
  • Ezekiel, Isaiah, Amos, Jonah, etc.
  • 3. Writings poetic and devotional material
    written and used during the same time as the
    Prophets, words and works of the sages
  • Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Ruth, Esther, Daniel, etc.

11
  • The Talmud
  • Oral tradition passed to Moses and beyond
  • Finally written down in the 2nd century
  • Contains info on rituals, marriages, agricultural
    laws, festivals, etc.

12
The Nature of God
  • Covenants with good people
  • Responds to their needs?deliverance
  • Guides directs His people
  • Compassionate
  • Controls with justice
  • Source of forgiving, redeeming love
  • Establishes peace on earth

13
The Name of God
  • Written by Hebrew consonants YHVH
  • Means I am
  • Jews do not have a personal name for God
  • Christians and others have Anglicized it to
    Yahweh or Jehovah
  • Written by Orthodox Jews as G-d
  • God referred to as
  • Adonai (The Lord)
  • Elohim, or HaShem (the Name) - the
    unpronounceable name of God

14
A Few Main Beliefs
  • Jews do not believe in "original sin" (no need
    for a "savior" in the Christian sense)
  • The Ten Commandments
  • first 4 have to do with our relationship with God
  • Next 6 refer to our relationship with other people

15
(No Transcript)
16
continued
  • Importance of family
  • Story/experience of exile and exodus
  • "Let my people go."
  • Compassion and concern for freedom of all peoples
  • history of continual fight for freedom and
    continued survival

17
Humans
  • Gods highest creatures
  • Earth has been given to them for food pleasure
  • They are the caretakers
  • Created in Gods image
  • Each is a soul and body united
  • Each should have a fellowship with God
  • Responsible
  • Answer to God for conduct
  • Humans have choices/can make decisions?suffer
    consequences

18
Problem for Humans
  • Rebellion against God and consequential expulsion
  • Adam and Eve
  • Who is the Messiah?
  • Has not arrived yet to usher in a new age
  • He is expected

19
Life after Death
  • Emphasis on good life on earth more than good
    afterlife
  • References in Psalms to heaven and hell
  • Influenced by Zoroastrians?
  • Lack specific descriptions of life beyond death

20
Rituals
  • Jewish calendar based on lunar month
  • Sabbath/Shabbat
  • Observed each week
  • Sundown on Friday?sundown on Saturday
  • Rosh Hashanah
  • New year
  • Begins the Days of Awe
  • Concentrate on prayer, contemplation,
    self-searching
  • Yom Kippur
  • 10th day (of awe)
  • Holiest day observed
  • Repentance 24 hours of atonement and fasting

21
Shabbat dinner
Sweets for a sweet new year
22
continued
  • Chanukkah
  • Celebrated rededication of Jerusalem temple in
    164 BCE (after destruction by Greeks)
  • Sacred oil lasted 8 days for celebration
  • Minor festival

23
Passover
  • Most important holiday
  • Marks deliverance form slavery in Egypt under
    Moses leadership
  • Sacred meal seder
  • Unleavened bread (matzah)

24
Mitzvah
  • 613 mitzvot
  • 258 positive, 365 negative
  • Boys 131 day, girls 121 day
  • Bar Mitzvah means son of the commandment
  • Commands from God
  • No immediate reward
  • Obedience rewards in afterlife

25
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com