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Microsoft Solutions Framework MSF v4

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Convince you that non-technical reasons impact project ... From B and B' C'' From C' Day 1. Day 2. Day 3. BVT. BVT. Quality Criteria. Knowing When You Can Ship ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Microsoft Solutions Framework MSF v4


1
Microsoft Solutions Framework MSF v4
  • Rafal Lukawiecki
  • Strategic Consultant
  • rafal_at_projectbotticelli.co.uk
  • Project Botticelli Ltd

This presentation is based on work by Microsoft
TechNet, MSDN and various Microsoft authors
including, with special thanks Ramprabhu
Rathnam, Tony Northrup, and Austin Wilson
2
Objectives
  • Convince you that non-technical reasons impact
    project success a lot
  • Show you an approach to product management that
    has proven to be very successful
  • Explain the recent developments

3
Agenda
  • Introduction to Frameworks
  • Components of MSF v3 and v4
  • Future

4
IntroductionWhy Projects Fail?What are
Frameworks?
5
MSF
  • Microsoft Solutions Framework
  • Established in 1991, made public in 1993 (v1),
    fully revised in 1998 (v2), January 2003 (v3) and
    now in March 2006 (v4)
  • Product development framework for creating
    software and infrastructure deployment
  • Related to MOF, Microsoft Operational Framework
  • Which concentrates on the management of IT
    infrastructure

6
IT Lifecycle
Microsoft Solutions Framework
Plan
Operate
Build
Deploy
Microsoft Operations Framework
7
Does it Work?
  • Yes, as long as you chose the right bits of MSF
    for your project
  • High-profile projects that used MSF
  • www.nasdaq.com and www.marriott.com (Aris Corp,
    now Ciber, www.ciber.co.uk)
  • UK Government Gateway (eGov)
  • Visual Studio, Windows 2003, Windows XP

8
Whats a Framework?
  • Unlike a methodology, a framework is a set of
    conceptual tools and best practices
  • However, in many ways MSF v4 is closer to a
    methodology than v3

9
Root Causes of Failure
  • Separation of goal and function
  • Separation of business and technology
  • Lack of common language and process
  • Failure to communicate and act as a team
  • Processes that are inflexible to change
  • Solution?
  • A good and tested framework!

When projects fail, its rarely technical. Jim
Johnson, The Standish Group
Average cost overrun 45 Time overrun
63 Functionality delivered on average
67 Standish Group
10
Evolution from MSF v3 to v4
11
MSF Partner Council Who Advised v4
12
Evolution to MSF v4
13
Status
  • MSF v3 is fully released and available
  • Study course MOC 1846
  • MSF v4 for Application Development (both Agile
    and CMMI) have just shipped on 29 March 2006
  • Download guidance from www.microsoft.com/msf
  • MSF v4 for Infrastructure Deployment and other
    flavours (Solutions, Consulting, etc.) are
    under development at present
  • This is news! Good news.

14
Agility
  • Agility of the development process is the key to
    being able to cope with inevitable changes (spec,
    environment, business) or planning errors
  • The price of it is a certain unpredictability of
    the process
  • Finish date, final cost, feature set
  • Generally, agility is great for small and medium
    projects in existing and tested dev environments

15
CMMI
  • Capability-Maturity Model Integration describes 5
    (or 6) levels of process-based predictability of
    an organisation (or department) in terms of their
    ability to produce quality software
  • Level 5 is best. Most companies are 0 or 1. MSF
    v4 can help you work at level 3 or more.
  • Moving towards higher levels is done by adopting
    highly predictable (but not so agile) processes
  • Great for larger or more formal projects,
    especially in more critical environments
  • By the way, MSF and CMMI are not strangers KPMG
    published a paper on how MSF v1 could help you
    with CMM already in 1995!

16
Observation
  • MSF v3 seems more formal than MSF for Agile
    Software Development
  • We lose some of the structure and modelling from
    v3 and replace them with a more integrated agile
    process
  • MSF v3 seems less formal than MSF for CMMI
    Process Improvement
  • Structures from v3 are becoming more
    process-improvement oriented

17
What About Extreme Programming?
  • Extreme Programming (XP), which was created after
    MSF, has similarities
  • Similarities regarding the Zero Defect Mindset
    and Daily Builds
  • XP is less predictable than necessary for more
    formal projects
  • But great for very agile projects
  • MSF for Agile Software Development seems more
    predictable, controllable and even more agile
    than XP
  • MSF CMMI Process Improvement, naturally, is less
    agile than XP, but seems the most predictable

18
Key Components of MSF
19
A Team of Peers (v4 Agile)
20
Scaling the Team Model
  • Feature Function Teams Technique
  • Example

21
Designing Software within MSF
  • UML (Unified Modelling Language) has a great
    tradition, though we may need to evolve towards a
    service-oriented approach
  • UML2? Perhaps, but its possible to be more
    direct in design.
  • Domain Specific Languages!
  • Great conceptual integration both with MSF and
    with the tools (VSTS)
  • Further, possible, integration with SDM and DSI

22
Project Management in v4
  • One of the most powerful features of Visual
    Studio Team System is its automation of project
    management
  • Workstreams, Work Items, and Roles concepts
  • Uses Team Foundation Server
  • Relies on Microsoft Project-style planning
    documents

23
MSF Process Model v3
DeploymentComplete
Release ReadinessApproved
Vision/Scope Approved
MSF
Project Plans Approved
Scope Complete
24
Deploy
Envision
Release 1
Stabilize
Plan
Build
25
Process Modelling in v4
  • MSF v4 introduces a new model of Governance and
    Enactment which replace the traditional process
    model
  • This caters for different types of processes,
    which are now defined at the level of
    methodology, rather than the framework
  • This makes MSF v4 much more suited to work in
    teams both very small and very big, as opposed to
    what v3 could have ever catered for

26
Governance
Enactment
27
Iterations
  • Achievement of a pre-determined level of quality
  • Based on planning of feature-sets
  • Mechanism to correct project plan deviations

28
Governance
  • Process mapped onto specific iterations

29
Cycles
  • The foundation of every days co-ordinated work
    of the team

30
Daily (Nightly) Build
  • Building the product in a deployable form on a
    daily basis
  • A daily build is
  • A strong indicator that a team is functional
  • Guarantee against component integration problems
  • A way to make the product and its progress
    visible
  • The heartbeat of the development process
  • A key function of VSTF (see later)

31
How Does Daily Build Work?
  • A
  • A ? A
  • B
  • C
  • B
  • A
  • B ? B
  • C
  • C
  • A
  • B
  • C ? C
  • A
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • B
  • A
  • B, B
  • C
  • C
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • A
  • From A
  • B
  • From B and B
  • C
  • From C

?
?
?
?
?
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
BVT
BVT
32
Quality CriteriaKnowing When You Can Ship
  • MSF v4 defines
  • Minimum Acceptance Level (Scenarios)
  • Relates to Core Functionality Set
  • Test Thresholds
  • Code Coverage for Unit Tests
  • Other, context-driven (bugs per developer)
  • VSTS manages tracking and reporting of these
    quality criteria during all phases of the project

33
Work Items
  • Activities and Workstreams manage the concept of
    a work item, which describes an assignable,
    individual piece of effort that needs to be done
  • Bug
  • Quality of Service Requirement
  • Scenario
  • Risk (not yet in the beta of VSTS, but soon)
  • Task

34
Process Model
35
Team System
  • Ingenious tool that implements MSF!
  • As soon as you create a new project in VSTS you
    get to chose which version of MSF v4 you want to
    use!
  • VS 2005 TS manages the flow of work items between
    team members, as well as overlooks their progress
  • Individual versions for
  • Developer
  • Architect
  • Tester
  • Reporting and management tools for project
    manager and other team members
  • Includes Outlook, Excel and Project Support

36
Future
37
MSF and Software Development
  • Without a doubt, the emphasis of MSF v4 is on
    software development
  • The MSF team is now firmly a part of the Visual
    Studio group within Microsoft
  • Tying the framework to the tools (VSTS) was the
    masterstroke that gave MSF a very prosperous
    future
  • And vice-versa the method adds value to the
    tools, beyond what any Microsoft competitor could
    offer today

38
MSF for Infrastructure Deployment
  • While initially there was a little confusion, it
    has now been confirmed that MSF v4 will cater for
    Infrastructure Deployment too
  • While the detail is being finalised, please
    consider using MSF v3 or MOF for purely
    infrastructure deployment oriented projects
  • Consider using the more flexible process
    approaches from v3
  • Soft skills, whichever version, like all good
    ideas, age only like wine, anyway

39
Summary
  • Projects fail for non-technical reasons
  • A framework such as MSF fixes those problem
  • You dont have to use all of MSF at once
  • If you use some bits you increase your chance of
    succeeding
  • Visual Studio Team System is a marvellous
    implementation of MSF principles

40
Resources
  • www.microsoft.com/msf
  • MSF for Agile Software Development
  • lab.msdn.microsoft.com/teamsystem/workshop/msfagil
    e/default.aspx
  • MSF for CMMI Process Improvement
  • lab.msdn.microsoft.com/teamsystem/workshop/msfcmmi
    /default.aspx
  • MSF v3
  • msdn.microsoft.com/vstudio/enterprise/msf/
  • MSF Forum
  • forums.microsoft.com/msdn/ShowForum.aspx?ForumID6
    3
  • MOF
  • www.microsoft.com/mof
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