Youth Advocate Program International 4545 42nd St. NW Suite 209 Washington DC 20016 USA www.yapi.org 2 The Girl Child what do you know
What is discrimination
What examples of discrimination come to mind
Does the United States provide equal opportunities for men and womenand girls and boys
If the US does provide equal opportunity between sexes how does it do so
Is anyone familiar with the following words female infanticide female genital cutting honor killing
3 The Girl Child words to know
Child The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) defines a child as a person under the age of 18. A girl child is thus a female younger than 18 years of age
Discrimination Treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit partiality or prejudice.
Dowry Money or property that a rides family must give to the family of her husband as a requirement of marriage.
4 The Girl Child forms of discrimination
Female Infanticide The murder of a female infant. It occurs often as a deliberate murder or abandonment of a young girl or infant.
Selective Abortion Also called gender-selective abortion sex-selective abortion or female feticide-selective abortion. It involves the abortion of a fetus because it is a girl. Many women from communities or cultures with a preference for boys practice selective abortion.
5 The Girl Child forms of discrimination
Female Genital Cutting (FGC) The practice that involves the removal or the alteration of the female genitalia. It is a centuries-old practice found in many countries among people from various religions and beliefs most prevalent in Africa.
Honor Killing The practice of killing girls and women who are perceived to have dishonored a familys reputation by allegedly engaging in sexual activity or other improprieties before or outside of marriage. Improper behavior justifies grounds for killing. It has expanded to include transgressions which are not initiated by the girl including rape and incest.
6 The Girl Child facts and statistics
Currently 60 million girls are reported as missing as a result of infanticide sex selective abortions and neglect.
At least 130 million girls alive today have undergone Female Genital Mutilation and 2 million more are at risk every year.
It is reported that at least 5000 women and girls are murdered each year for honors sake by members of their own families.
United Nation statistics national reports and studies initiated by non-governmental organizations repeatedly show that girls as a group have lower literacy rates receive less health care and more impoverished than boys.
Source Youth Advocate Program International www.yapi.org
Source Youth Advocate Program International www.yapi.org
Source United Nations Childrens Fund www.unicef.org
Source Amnesty International www.amnesty.org
7 The Girl Child female infanticide
What The deliberate killing of a girl child.
Who Girl children who are born in societies where poverty overpopulation and male biases are prevalent.
Where In regions where poverty and overpopulation are prevalent. It predominantly occurs in societies where girl children are not viewed as economically advantageous.
Why Lineage Income Dowry Protection Government
8 The Girl Child female infanticide
Lakshmis Case Tamil Nadu India
Lakshmi was 20 years old and already had one daughter. Upon the arrival of a second girl she no option but to kill this second daughter. Lakshmi refused to nurse the newborn and to silence the infants cries of hunger she fed her a poisonous combination of sap and castor oil. The baby died soon after.
Kumar Sampath Life for India Baby Girl Killers 17 April 2003 BBC News
World Edition (http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_a sia/2956065.stm)
According to UNICEF up to 50 million girls are missing from Indias population due to the countrys gender discrimination. 9 The Girl Child female genital cutting
What The practice that involves the removal or alteration of the
Who Young or adolescent girls from cultures that believe that
FGC will prevent girls from being promiscuous and prevent them from engaging in sexual intercourse before marriage.
Where 28 African countries Muslim populations Indigenous groups in Central and South America.
Why Cultural beliefs and attitudes on multiple fronts sexual sociological hygienic and aesthetic religious
Physical Pain damage to organs hemorrhage chronic infections complications with sexual intercourse and childbirth.
Psychological Shock anxiety
10 The Girl Child female genital cutting
Hannahs Case Ethiopia East Africa
Hannah was genitally cut when she was eight years old. She knew little about the procedure but understood it to be a ritual a ceremony a process that would allow her to become a woman. Six women held Hannah down to perform the procedure. There was no anesthesia or pain medication at any point during the procedure and Hannah almost lost consciousness because of the immense pain. The practitioner was then paid the equivalent of one dollar for the procedure.
Approximately 54 of girls in Ethiopia are subjected to FGC. There is no national action plan to fight against this abuse. 11 The Girl Child honor killing
What Killing of women that can be defined as acts of murder in which a woman is killed for her actual or perceived immoral behavior.
Who Women who have failed to keep marriage contracts refused to agree to arranged marriages requested divorce flirted with men other then their husbands or for allowing themselves to be raped.
Where Most prominent in the Middle East Southwest Asia and Northwest Africa.
Why For violating sexual norms or being victims of rape or other sexual rumor. This is a custom where women are treated as property and business contracts.
12 The Girl Child honor killing
Rainas Case Jordan Southwest Asia
Raina Arafat was twenty-one years old and did not want to marry the man her family had chosen for her. She Was secretly seeing her Iraqi boyfriend whom she wanted to elope with. Her aunts told her they had arranged a secret meeting between the two and brought her to an open patch of land in the suburb of Amman. Her aunts walked away and let her brother Rami shoot her in the back of her head. Rainas crime was being in love with a man that was not sanctioned by her family and cultural ideals.
Men who kill women for the sake of honor in Jordan are usually sentenced to only a few months in jail. They serve even less time if they hold minor status. 13 The Girl Child discussion
What are three reasons why women face prejudice around the world
Do you think that equal education of girls and boys would provide more equal rights and less discrimination against girls
Who should be in charge of making changes regarding the issues we have discussed today
Why do you think people continue to commit these acts even though there are laws against them in some places
What do you think you can do to help
14 The Girl Child what can you do
Educate yourself about the rights of the Girl Child.
Contact local state and national politicians.
Write letters asking for their opinion on the rights of the Girl Child.
Talk to your parents about the CRC.
Educate the adults in your life!
Advocate for awareness of the CRC.
Begin a social awareness/ human rights club.
15 The Girl Child for more information
UN High Commission on Human Rights
Youth Advocate Program International
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