After reading this presentation you the viewer will be able to describe the attire the history the different traditions the legends and the type of weddings that take place in India.
4 Introduction to Weddings in India
The marriage ceremony is one of the oldest customs of mankind and the Indian culture is no exception and it is considered one of the most important events of ones life. In India the Kanyadana (literally meaning donating a virgin) or giving away ones daughter in marriage was considered the greatest sacrifice a man could perform. It was also a duty performed by the bridegroom to perpetuate his lineage. By making marriage a sacrament the Hindus elevated the physical union to spiritual dimensions 1. Many in India consider marriage an integral part of human condition binding not only in this life but in the afterlife as well.
From Z\marriages.htm 2.htm
5 Marriages in India
History of Weddings in India
Significance of Marriage
Arranged Marriages Today
Process of Arranged Marriage
Role of the Matchmaker
The Wedding Ensambelage
Symbol of Marriage
6 The Weddings in History of India
In previous times brides were married even in childhood.
Most references to marriage in ancient texts suggests that the Aryans were monogamous however some references to polygamy and polyandry have been found in the Hindu epic of Mahabharata.
In medieval India marriage was compulsory for all girl except those opted asceticism.
Today Both divorce and remarriage are completely illegal.
7 Significance of Marriage
In the Hindu dharma marriage is a sacrament between two souls and no a contract between two human beings.
In Hinduism marriage is a life-long commitment of a man to his wife and a women to her husband.
Also in Hinduism marriage is the strongest social bond that can take place between a man and a women.
The only way to continue the family and thereby repay his debt to his/her ancestors.
In Hindu view marriage is not a concession to the human weakness but a means of spiritual growth.
8 Arranged Marriages Today
Quite common even in todays India.
More and more are now taking into account the preferences of brides and grooms.
Age caste and dowry play important roles
Considered a marriage of families rather than the marriage of individuals.
Families are trying to solder bonds with their friends by arranging marriages between their respective children.
9 Process of Arranged Marriage
Broadcast of Availability- when guardians of groom or bride announce that they eligible for alliance.
Horoscope Matching- parties that are interested exchange their zodiac sign in order to show interest.
Photo Exchange- pictures are exchanged for the two to first see one another.
Interview-if in agreement the two met for the first time face-to-face (elders are present)
Background Check- inquiries are held to dig past bad habits (done through family)
10 Process of Arranged Marriage cont
Dowry and Contract Negotiations- logistics of marriage are discussed (who pays how much the gold girls and boys net worth where they will live etc.)
Engagement- if all agree sweets are shared to announce the engagement (AKA eating of the sugar). Gifts then are exchanged.
11 Role of the Matchmaker
Middlemen could help in the arranged marriage who are commissioned by the arrangers.
Sometimes professional institutions counseling on resume altercation broadening of selection criteria and other important marriage matters.
There are a lot of matrimonial agencies on the web.
Matrimonial classifieds are very popular.
12 Wedding Ceremonies
Date Chosen by time of year and couples horoscopes.
Usually takes place at brides home temples parks hotels or in marriage halls.
Singing dancing and eating occur through out the night.
Celebrate vast diversity of culture through out the land.
Day before the wedding the bride and her friends and female relatives gather for ceremony of Mehendi.
The gathering showers bride and groom with flower petals.
13 The Wedding Ensambelage
She is considered to be more than a princess shes considered to be a goddess goddess Lakshmi.
He is the prince of the occasion.
He is also the master of the occasion and figure of power and strength.
14 Wedding Attire
Brides clothes and ornaments are usually typical of the area.
Most brides wear saris usually in shades of red pink or mustard.
Most grooms in the north wear a shervani with a churidar pyjama a bandha-gala suit or a western-style suit
15 Wedding Rituals
The pre wedding rituals vary according to the region.
On the main wedding day a wedding altar or mandapa is built on the wedding venue within which the marriage is conducted.
The ritual of putting sindoor or vermilion powder in the parting of the brides hair by the groom is the ritual followed mostly in the northern and eastern part of the country.
Complicated due to unnecessary customs like dowry.
16 Symbol of Marriage
Marriage symbolizes not just a bonding of two individuals but also the bonding of understanding commitment mutual love and spiritual growth.
In Hindu tradition marriage is not just about celebration and fun it demands sacrifice companionship dedication and surrender by both the partners.
Sacred thread of love and goodwill worn by married women as a symbol of their marriage
17 The Legends
Legend says that during the wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati Shiva asked Parvati to come to his left after agnie pradakshina symbolizing that they had been married. Parvati said she would not accept this marriage until Shiva granted her seven wishes. Shiva did so and then made seven atipulations which Parvati accepted therefore the seven steps came about.
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