Noun clauses as the name implies function as nouns. That is they are word groups with their own subject and verb that in turn function as a subject object or complement in a sentence. Noun clauses also function sometimes as nouns of direct address or as appositives.
Whatever you ask is going to be too much. (Whatever you ask is a noun clause and the subject of the sentence.) We expect that the rain will stop soon. (that the rain will stop soon is the object of the verb hope.) This is what I was waiting for. (what I was waiting for is the complement.)
I will give whoever writes the best essay an A in the course. (whoever writes the best essay is the indirect object.) She spends money for whatever she wants. (whatever she wants is the object of the preposition.) Whoever you are come out of there. (Whoever you are is a noun of direct address.)
I dont want it whatever it is. (whatever it is is an appositive.)
5 ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
Adjective clauses modify nouns or pronouns. Most adjective clauses are also known as relative clauses because they are usually introduced by the relative pronoun who which that whose or whom. The relative pronoun is the subject or object of the clause it begins. Adjective clauses also usually appear immediately after the word that they modify.
6 ADVERB CLAUSE
Adverb clauses are the type illustrated in the above discussion of complex sentences. In Because the rain fell for three days every street in town was flooded the because clause is adverbial. An adverb clause usually modifies a verb but it may modify an adjective an adverb or even the rest of the sentence in which it appears. In our sample sentence the because clause actually modifies the rest of the sentence (the independent clause).
7 FUNCTIONS OF NOUN CLAUSE
Subject of the sentence
EX That he had even asked her made her angry.
EX Nobody knows how he got involved in such activities.
EX I will inform who took the last exam of the score next week.
8 FUNCTIONS OF NOUN CLAUSE
EX The insult was that he had even asked her.
Object of a Preposition
EX She found fault in what he had asked her.
EX You can call him what you wish.
9 FUNCTIONS OF NOUN CLAUSE
Appositive to the Subject
EX We that are older understand life better that children.
Appositive to the Object
EX I hate those that oppose me.
10 FUNCTIONS OF ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
Adjective Clause is used to modify a noun or a pronoun. An adjective clause begins with the relative pronouns who whom that whose or which.
EX They are searching for the one who borrowed the book.
Did I tell you about the author whom I met
The books that people read were mainly religious.
11 FUNCTIONS OF ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
EX The meat which they ate was tainted.
The book which has the blue cover is mine.
12 FUNCTIONS OF ADVERB CLAUSE
A subordinate adverb clause can be introduced by the subordinating conjunctions in the following cases
Adverb Clause of Cause and Effect with
because since so (that) in order (that)
EX You shouldnt go out because it is raining now.
13 FUNCTIONS OF ADVERB CLAUSE
Adverb Clause of Time with after before since when while whenever as as soon as once until as/so long as by the time now that
EX After Hamlets uncle Claudius married Hamlets mother Hamlet wanted to kill him.
Adverb Clause of Place
EX You can go wherever you like.
14 FUNCTIONS OF ADVERB CLAUSE
Adverb Clause of Condition with if unless even if only if in case (that) whether or not in the event (that) provided (that).
EX If the British co-operate the Europeans may achieve monetary union.
Adverb Clause of Opposition with although whereas even though though while.
EX They went on a field trip although it was raining.
15 FUNCTIONS OF ADVERB CLAUSE
Adverb Clause of Manner with as if as though.
EX He speaks English as if he were a native speaker.
Adverb Clause of Comparison with than as.
EX She is taller than her sister is.
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