Title: Adaptation learning from case studies for adaptation policies and sustainable development Habiba Git
1 Adaptation learning from case studies for adaptation policies and sustainable developmentHabiba GitayWorld Resources Institutehgitay_at_wri.org Climate Energy and Pollution ProgramWorld Resources Institute http//www.wri.org 2 What I want to cover. Human activities Multiple pressures Responses Impacts Ecosystems ecosystem services human well-being Natural and human capital Use this approach to for case studies 3 Human activities Population/demographic Consumptio n/production Technological changes 4 Human activities LULCC GHG 5 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep 6 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep Climate change 7 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep Climate change Land degradation Changes in biodiversity Water degradation 8
Linkages. Between Climate change Land degradation water degradation and loss in biodiversity 9 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep Climate change Human well-being Environment sustainability Land degradation Changes in biodiversity Water degradation -ve 10 Ecosystem Services The benefits people obtain from ecosystems
Benefits obtained from regulation of ecosystem processes
Goods produced or provided by ecosystems
Non-material benefits obtained from ecosystems
Services that maintain the conditions for life on earth.
11 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep Climate change Human well-being Environment sustainability Land degradation Changes in biodiversity Water degradation -ve Responses to reverse trends and meet sust dev goals Responses 12 Human activities LULCC GHG Air pollution aerosols Pers org poll Strat ozone dep Climate change Human well-being Environmental sustainability Land degradation Changes in biodiversity Water degradation -ve Economic Legal institutional Social behavioural Science tech transfer 13
Response options for developing policies
Legal and institutional
Social and Behavioural
Science technology technology transfer
All of these can be part of adaptation
What is our approach..
Initial stage a set of case studies focused on water and agriculture in specific landscapes
Ask a series of questions to analyse what is happening on the ground before going into future planned adaptation (network..)
Our approach.a series of questions
What is the status of the ecosystems ecosystem services and human well-being
What are the multiple pressures that affect these landscapes and human societies
How do individuals/households formal and informal institutions respond to these pressures including climatic extremes
What are the projected changes (scenarios..)
Can the present responses cope with future changes Adaptation short-term medium and long-term
Our approach.scenario and their uses
Aspiration of people at local level
Sustainable development plans at state/regional/national level
projections of how pressures (LULCC population consumption patterns) are changing Climate change projections
Our approach future stages
Information generation and dissemination
planning and decision-making
Tools and methods (maybe)
So in conclusion
Work in specific landscapes/watersheds
Pilots learning by doing understand present
Inclusion of multiple pressures
Climate change exacerbating them may be dominant in future
Consider ecosystem services and tradeoffs between them in space and time
Consider developing scenarios/storylines
Use adaptation as a vehicle for addressing multiple pressures and maybe indirect drivers (root causes) and moving towards sustainable development
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