1 Skin Cancer What You Should Know Randy R. Weigel University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service 2 Skin Cancer
Most common cancer in US
Fastest increasing cancer in US
1000000 people had some form
of skin cancer in 2003
3 Skin Cancer
Three main types
The main difference between melanomas and other skin cancers is that melanoma can
metastasize (spread) to distant body sites
including the lungs liver or brain.
4 The Skin Melanoma 5 Basal Cell Carcinoma 6 Squamous Cell Carcinoma 7 Melanoma Seventh most common cancer in the United States. One out of every 105 Americans born in 1991 will develop malignant melanoma (compared to 1 out of 1500 in 1935). The number of new cases of melanoma has more than doubled since 1973. 8 Melanoma (cont.)
Most common cancer in young adults age
Among women age 30-35 incidence is
exceeded only by breast cancer
Incidence increasing 4 annually higher than
any other cancer
On average one melanoma death in the U.S.
9 Melanoma (cont.)
Increase is the result of recreational sun
exposure thinning of the ozone layer and
In 2001 an estimated 48000 new cases
of melanoma occurred.
In 2003 54000 new cases occurred
In 2000 skin cancer claimed the lives of
10 Top 8 Invasive Cancers Wyoming and US 1997 Wyoming United States Prostrate Prostrate Breast Breast Lung Lung Colon Colon Bladder Lymphoma Melanoma Bladder Lymphoma Melanoma Rectal Rectal 11 Wyoming and Melanoma
72 people died from melanoma cancer
Wyoming ranked 2nd in the U.S. for
melanoma deaths from 1992-1996.
Wyoming ranked 5th in the U.S. for melanoma
deaths from 1996-2000
Which Wyoming counties had the highest
of melanoma cases
13 Asymmetry One half does not match the other half. 14 (No Transcript) 15 Border irregularity The edges are ragged notched or blurred. 16 (No Transcript) 17 Color The pigmentation is not uniform. Shades of tan brown or black are present. A mottled appearance. 18 (No Transcript) 19 Diameter Greater than ¼ inch. Any sudden or continuing increase in size is of special concern. 20 (No Transcript) 21 Normal Mole 22 Malignant Mole 23 Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation UVA UVB - UVC
The sun radiates energy over a broad spectrum of
wavelengths. UV radiation which has a shorter
wavelength than visible blue or violet light is
responsible for sunburns and other health effects
Suppression of the immune system
Premature aging of the skin
24 (No Transcript) 25 (No Transcript) 26 (No Transcript) 27 (No Transcript) 28 (No Transcript) 29 Sunburns We found an increased risk of melanoma related to the frequency of sunburns during all periods of life. More than five sunburns doubled the melanoma risk irrespective of the time in life. British Journal of Dermatology (2001) 30 What Can You Do
-- that melanoma is serious
-- the importance of
-- getting in and getting it
31 Malignant Mole 32 See Spot See Spot Change See Doctor. Or See Spot Kill!
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