The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement How did we get here - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement How did we get here

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... the development of federal civil rights and voting rights. ... examine how the conditions for African Americans in the U.S. lead to the Civil Rights movement ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The U.S. Constitution and Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement How did we get here


1
The U.S. Constitution and Civil RightsThe Civil
Rights Movement- How did we get here?
2
California Content Standard
  • 11.10 Students analyze the development of federal
    civil rights and voting rights.
  • 11.10.6 Analyze the ffects of civil rights and
    voting rights legislation (e.g., 1964 Civil
    Rights Act, Voting Rights Act of 1965) and the
    Twenty-Fourth Amendment, with an emphasis on
    equality of access to education and to the
    political process.

3
Lesson Objectives
  • Students will be able to
  • compare and contrast the conditions in which
    African Americans lived before and after the
    13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.
  • identify the setbacks to reconstruction efforts
  • evaluate the purpose of the U.S. Constitution
  • examine how the conditions for African
    Americans in the U.S. lead to the Civil Rights
    movement

4
Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction
  • Thirteen Amendment (1865) Slavery and Involuntary
    Servitude
  • Section 1 Outlawing Slavery- neither slavery
    nor involuntary servitude, except as punishment
    for crime whereof the party shall have been dully
    convicted, shall exist within the U.S., or any
    place subject to their jurisdiction
  • Section 2 Enforcement- Congress shall have
    power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation

5
Thirteen Amendment (1865) Slavery and Involuntary
Servitude
  • After
  • Before

6
Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction
  • Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Rights of Citizens
  • Section 1 Citizenship- All persons born or
    naturalized in the United States, and subject to
    the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the
    United States and of the state wherein they
    reside. No state shall make or enforce any law
    which shall abridge the privileged or immunities
    of citizens of the United States nor shall any
    state deprive any person of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law nor deny
    any person within its jurisdiction the equal
    protection of the laws.

7
Fourteenth Amendment (1868) Rights of Citizens
  • Before
  • After

8
Constitutional Changes Under Reconstruction
  • Fifteenth Amendment (1870) Right to Vote-Race,
    Color, Servitude
  • Section 1 Extending the Right to Vote- The
    right of citizens of the U.S. to vote shall not
    be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on
    account of race, color, or previous condition of
    servitude.
  • Section 2 Enforcement- The Congress shall
    have power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation.

9
Fifteenth Amendment (1870) Right to Vote-Race,
Color, Servitude
  • Before
  • After

10
Reconstruction Backlash/Results
  • 13th Amendment- Slavery
  • Continual poverty for African Ams.
  • Share Cropping, tenant farming
  • limited opportunities

11
Reconstruction Backlash/Results
  • 14th Amendment-Rights of Citizen
  • Jim Crow laws- superior/inferior, societal norms
  • Plessy v. Ferguson 1896- legalizes separate but
    equal
  • Growth of the KKK-terrorism

12
Reconstruction Backlash/Results
  • 15th Amendment-Right to Vote
  • Voting Restrictions
  • poll tax- fee to vote
  • 2. literacy tests- designed to keep African Ams.
    from voting
  • 3. grandfather clause

13
(No Transcript)
14
Before the Civil Rights Movement the U.S. looked
like this
15
Quick Write Prompt
  • How effective were the constitutional changes
    made under reconstruction?
  • How did the conditions in which African Americans
    lived elicit the need for a Civil Rights movement?
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