Title: Postmodern and contemporary painting in Germany
1 Post-modern and contemporary painting in Germany Berlin Wall 1989 marking the end of the Cold War 2 Annihilation of Modern Art in Nazi Germany 1933- 45(left) Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (German Expressionist1880-1938) Girl Under a Japanese Umbrella 1906 (right) Emil Nolde (German Expressionist 1867-1956) Excited People 1910 (below) Degenerate Art Exhibition Munich 1937 3 The poster of the Degenerate Music exhibition (1938). Jewish Composers and Jazz/Swing musicians were for instance accused by the Nazis of producing degenerated music... Composition with Blue 1926Piet Mondrian oil 24 in. sq. Degenerate Art Marc Chagall Purim 1916-18 oil 20 x 28 in exhibited in Nazi Degenerate Art Exhibition 4 Good German Art Socialist Realism (only) 5 Joseph Beuys (German 1921-1986) (left) Fat Chair 1964(right) Felt Suit 1970 (center) Joseph Beuys the artist The whole process of living is my creative act. First German artist after WW II to achieve international fame based on exploration of his German identity 6 Joseph Beuys How to Explain Paintings to a Dead Hare performance on Nov. 26 1965. Three hours talking about pictures in in the Galerie Schmela in Düsseldorf. The hare was one of Beuys totemic animals. Artists face was coated with honey and gold leaf and one of his shoes had an iron heel symbolic materials. Artist shaman 7 Joseph Beuys The Pack (2 views) 1969. Volkswagen bus with twenty-four wooden sleds each with felt flashlight fat and stamped with brown oil paint 8 The Dionysian versus the Apollonian Joseph Beuys I Like America and America Likes Me performance Action René Block Gallery NYC May 1974 9 Beuys Honey Pump at the Workplace for Documenta 1977 electric motors pumped honey through a gigantic assemblage of pipes in the stairwell of the museum symbolizing the circulation of life and flowing energy. 10 (left) Beuys lecturing in New York 1974 about the social revolution to be led by artists (everyone) (right) Beuys Action Piece 26-6 February 1972 presented as part of exhibition held at the Tate Gallery February - March 1972. Drawings are acts of mind mapping mental processes toward transformative personal and social consciousness.Man is only truly alive when he realizes he is a creative artistic being. 11 Beuys inaugurating 7000 Oaks at Documenta 7 Kassel Germany 1982. Project completed after artists death the last tree was planted by his son at the opening of Documenta 8 in 1987 Beuys was a founding member of the Green Party 12
Beuys 7000 Oak project extended by the Dia Foundation in 1996. Trees (of several kinds) planted on West 22nd Street each paired with a basalt stone column
NYC students planting trees Social Sculpture 13 Anselm Kiefer (German b. 1945) Occupations one in photographic series 1969 (artist is 24) (right) Kiefer Heroic Symbols 1969 watercolor and gouache on paper left sheet 6 in. sq. right sheet 22 x 16 in. This small self-portrait of the artist giving the Nazi salute is pasted on the same sheet as the watercolor of the sky which according to the artist has been wounded by shots. Taken in Italy and France 14 Anselm Kiefer The Milky Way 1985-87Emulsion paint oil acrylic shellac on canvas with applied wires and lead 12ft 6 in HGotterdammerung 15 Anselm Kiefer Inner Room 1981 with (left) source photo of Nazi meeting room Albert Speer architect 16 Kiefer Your Golden Hair Margarete 1981 oil emulsion and straw on canvas 51 x 67 17 Anselm Kiefer Twilight of the West Abendland 1989 lead sheet synthetic polymer paint ash plaster cement earth varnish on canvas and wood 13 feet HGotterdammerung 18 Gerhard Richter and Konrad Lueg Living With Pop 1963 a performance of Capitalist Realism Düsseldorf artists mounted an installation of objects in a local department store and installed themselves with the commodities as a demonstration of Capitalist Realism. To what situations for artists does Capitalist Realism respond 19 (left) Richter and Sigmar Polke 1965 from Richter/Polke exhibition catalogue(right) Richter 1998 from Gerhard Richter 40 Years of Painting exhibition cat. 20 Gerhard Richter (b. Dresden 1932) Nazi officer Uncle Rudi 1965 oil on canvas(right) Administrative Building 1964 Oil on canvas 38 1/4 x 59 photo sources family snapshot and encyclopedia sourcesSee Jason Gaiger Post-conceptual painting Gerhard Richters extended leave-taking One has to believe in what one is doing one has to commit oneself inwardly in order to do pa inting once obsessed one ultimately carries it t o the point of believing that one might change hu man beings through painting. But if one lacks th is passionate commitment there is nothing left t o do. Then it is best to leave it alone. For b asically painting is total idiocy. - Ri chter 21 Richter Aunt Marianne oil on canvas 1965 47 x 51 infrom a photograph of Richter as a baby with Aunt MarianneWhenever I behaved badly I was told you will become like crazy Marianne. 22 Richter Phantom Interceptors 1964 oil on canvas 55 x 6 3(right) Alpha Romeo (With Text) 1965 oil on canvas 60 x 59 23 Richter Eight Student Nurses 1966 oil on canvas 8 paintings each c. 36 x 27 in 24 Compare Richter with Andy Warhol Jackie The Week That Was 1963 25 Richter October 18 1977 Baader-Meinhof series Confrontation 1 and 2 1988oil on canvas all 45 H. Series based on media photographs of members of the terrorist Red Army Faction their arrest imprisonment and death. 26 October 1977 Protesters in Stuttgart at funeral of Andreas Baader 27 (No Transcript) 28 Final paintings in Richters October 18 1977Baader-Meinhof series titled Tote 1 2 and 3 29 (left) Richter Abstract Painting 1976 oil on canvas 26 x 23 in.After the gray paintings after the dogma of fundamental painting whose purist and moralizing aspects fascinated me to a degree bordering on self-denial all I could do was start all over again. This was the beginning of the first color sketches. Compare Rauschenberg Factum I II 1957 30 (left) Richter Iceberg in Fog 1982 oil on canvas 27 x 39 incompare (right) Caspar David Friedrich (German Romanticism 1774-1840)(top) Monk by the Sea (1809) and (bottom) Polar Sea (1823) 31 Richter Untitled 1987 oil on canvas 118 square 32 Richter Betty 1988 oil on canvas 40 x 23 compare (right) Untitled 1987Painting is the form of the picture you might say. The picture is the depiction and painting is the technique for shattering it. 33 Sigmar Polke (German b. 1941) Modern Art 1968(right) Polke Lovers II 1965 oil and enamel on canvas 6 ft 3 in x 55 in 34 Sigmar Polke Bunnies 1966 acrylic on linen 58 x 39 Lichtenstein cover Of Newsweek 1966 Warhol Marilyn 1964 35 Sigmar Polke Alice in Wonderland 1971 mixed media on fabric strips 10ft 6in x 8ft 6 in 36 Polke from Watchtower series 1984 synthetic polymers on various fabrics 37 Polke The Spirits That Lend Strength Are Invisible III (Nickel) 1988 nickel and artificial resin on canvas 157in. x 118 in. Collection SFMOMA 38 Sigmar Polke Mrs. Autumn and Her Two Daughters 1991 artificial resin and acrylic on synthetic fabric 9ft 10in x 16ft 5in 39 Georg Baselitz (Hans-Georg Kern b. Dresden Germany1938) The New Type 1966 woodcut 42 x 34 incompare (center below) Emil Nolde The Prophet 1912 woodcut(right) Erich Heckel (German 18831970) Woman 1914 woodcut 1914 German Expressionism 1966 Neo-Expressionism 1912 40 Baselitz The Gleaner oil and tempera on canvas 130 x 98 in 1978 Van Gogh The Gleaner ink drawing 1885 41 Baselitz Lazarus 1984 42 Baselitz with Neo-Expressionist (Neo-Primitivist) sculpture Man (1980s) and source in Sudanese traditional sculpture(right) Kirchner (German Expressionist) Dancer 1914 43 A.R. Penck (right) Penck Standart 1971 (left) The Work Goes On 1982 woodcut 44 Jörg Immendorff (b. 1941 Silesia East Germany) Can one change anything with these 1972 acrylic on canvas 20 x 31 ½ in Joseph Beuys How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare 1965 Dusseldorf. Immendorffs teacher 45 Jörg Immendorff Café Deutschland I 1978 oil on canvas 280 x 320 cm 46 Compare Expressionism of Max Beckmann (left) Night 1917-18 with Neo-Expressionism of Immendorff Café Deutschland I 1978What (form and content) do they have in common 47 Immendorf Café Deutschland IV 1978 oil on canvas 111 x 130 in.Dystopia Blade Runner film still 1982 48 Immendorff Café Deutschland Cafeprobe 1980synthetic resin on canvas 280 x 350 cm 49 Jörg Immendorff Café Deutschland 1984 oil 285cmH 50 Leipzig group 2006 from left Tilo Baumgärtel Christoph Ruckhärberle Martin Kobe Matthias Weischer and David Schnell If you want to talk of an advantage you can say it the Iron Curtain allowed us to continue in the tradition of Cranach and Beckmann. It protected the art against the influence of Joseph Beuys. What do they mean 51 Max Beckmann (German 1884-1950) Departure 1932 Beckmann at MoMA NYC 1947 in front of Departur e 52 Lucas Cranach the Elder (German 1472-1553) The Golden Age 16th Century 53 Neo Rauch (b. 1960 Leipzig Germany lives and works in Leipzig) shown in studio before one of his paintings 54 Neo Rauch Das Neue 2003It is important to create a definite environment or stage on which things can happen. For me the function of painting as I understand it is to work with myths. I try to create a widespread system where impulses are trapped. With an analytic understanding you cant grasp it. Giorgio di Chirico (Italian 1888-1978) Philos ophers Conquest 1913 (compare) 55 (right) Neo Rauch Diktat 2004(left top) Balthus (French 19082001) The Mountain 1937 oil on canvas 98 x 144 in(left below) René Magritte (Belgian 1898-1967) The Menaced Assassin 1926 56 Tilo Baumgaertel Hydroplane oil on linen 200 x 300 cm 2002 57 Christoph Ruckhäberle (Germany b.1972) Lake at Sunset 2004 oil on canvas 279 x 381cm E.L. Kirchner 1909 Cézanne 1876 Cribbed from all the best bits of art history - Saatchi Gallery publicist 58 David Schnell Bretter (Wooden Planks) oil on canvas 2005 59 Leipzig school Tim Eitel (left) Bomber Jacket 2003(right) Film 2003
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