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Classical Music

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Classical Style. A new understanding of music at the theoretical level (tonality) leading to ... Musical Examples: Classical. Haydn Mozart Beethoven ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classical Music


1
Classical Music
  • The Classical Style

Malaspina Great Books
2
From Baroque to Classical
  • High Baroque
  • 1700-1750
  • Albinoni (1671-1750)
  • Handel (1685-1759)
  • J. S. Bach (1685-1750)
  • Classical
  • 1750-1820
  • Haydn (1732-1809)
  • Mozart (1756-1791)
  • Beethoven (1770-1827)

3
Baroque vs. Classical
  • Baroque
  • Counterpoint
  • Ornamentation
  • Binary Form
  • Constant Feeling
  • Little Modulation
  • Classical
  • Homophonic texture
  • Less Ornament
  • Sonata Form
  • Range of Feelings
  • Modulation Central

4
Musical Examples Baroque
  • Albinoni (3) Oboe Concerto Op.9 no. 5 Allegro
  • Handel (5) Organ Concerto Op. 4 No. 4 Allegro
  • J.S. Bach (6) Brandenburg Concerto No. 2
    Allegro assai

Albinoni
Handel J.S. Bach
5
Baroque vs. Classical
  • Counterpoint
  • Ornamentation
  • Binary Form
  • Constant Feeling
  • Little Modulation
  • Homophonic texture
  • Less Ornament
  • Sonata Form
  • Range of Feelings
  • Modulation Central

6
Classical Style
  • A new understanding of music at the
    theoretical level (tonality) leading to unique
    expressions (i.e. original phrasings) a kind of
    dramatic journey through a sequence of musical
    keys, outward and back from the tonic.
  • A new vehicle for this new style called the
    sonata

7
Musical Scales
  • 1 C D G
  • 2 D E A
  • 3 E F B
  • 4 F G C
  • 5 G A D
  • 6 A B E
  • 7 B C F
  • TONIC
  • SUPERTONIC
  • MEDIANT
  • SUBDOMINANT
  • DOMINANT
  • SUBMEDIANT
  • LEADING TONE

8
Tonic Dominant (G major)
  • Tonic (G)
  • The first note of the major and minor scales,
    and the chords and keys rooted on that note.
  • Dominant (D)
  • The fifth note of the major and minor scales,
    and the chords and keys rooted on that note.

9
Sonata Form (2 Tonal Parts)
  • 1. Exposition a theme or group of themes in the
    tonic (G) followed by a modulation of those
    themes to the dominant (D) and a second theme or
    second group of themes.
  • 2. Development Recapitulation a repetition of
    the exposition followed by fragmentations and
    recombinations of the themes in various keys,
    ending with a return to the tonic (G) and a
    recapitulation of exposition this time with the
    second group of themes in the tonic (G).

10
Musical Examples Classical
Haydn
Mozart Beethoven
Haydn (9) Trumpet Concerto Finale Allegro (43
1) Mozart (10) Piano Concerto K 622 Adagio (10
29) Beethoven (14) Piano Concerto 5 Op.73 Ron
do Allegro (1009)
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