1 GAMBLING ADDICTION THE WORKPLACE 2 Goals for this presentation
Understand issues related to gambling and workplace fraud/embezzlement
Learn the signs of a gambling problem
Explore the causes of problem gambling
Discuss ways to address problem gambling at the workplace
Become familiarize with resources to address problem gambling
3 Gambling Fraud
Why should we care
4 Theft ends up a bad gamble
Woman gets 15 months for stealing 785000 from her employer.
Former assistant manager First American Title Insurance of Portland embezzled 800000 between 2001-05 sentenced to 15 months federal prison.
Portland Tribune - April 20 2007
5 Embezzlers sentenced 8 years
West Linn- During sentencing for stealing 1.4 million the citys former finance chief talks of terrible shame
November 18 2006
6 More Stories of Gambling Related Embezzlement
Aloha woman stole more than 900000 from her employer US Bank sentenced to 27 months.
Washington County woman embezzled 275000 from EasyStreet Online Services sentenced to state prison.
7 Why is Gambling Related Crime a Growing Concern
The issue of problem gambling is a growing concern
8 Gambling Industry is Growing 9 (No Transcript) 10 Gambling in Oregon is Growing
2002 Oregonians spent 1.18 billion on all forms of gambling 447 per adult 25 more than the national average
2003 Legislation made way for a 20 increase in Video Lottery Terminals
2004 A ninth tribal casino opened in Oregon
2005 The Lottery expanded into video slots
2006 Lottery exceeds 1 billion in sales video lottery sales up 24 over previous year
Source Eco Northwest 2005
11 Societal Acceptance More Gamblers
Industry perpetuates a vision of gambling as entertaining glamorous and as a means of achieving financial freedom.
Recent surge in reality TV gambling shows
12 More Gamblers More Problem Gamblers
Prevalence of gambling disorders
is a function of the overall level of gambling participation
13 The More Problem Gamblers the More Gambling Related Crimes
Moore Marotta ( 2006).
43 of women and 38 of men entering gambling treatment reported so have committed an illegal act related to their gambling.
Smith Wynne Hartnagel (2003)
Gambling related crime was responsible for 2.7 of Edmonton police records in 2001.
National Gambling Impact Study Commission (1999).
A third of problem and pathological gamblers had been arrested compared to 10 of low-risk gamblers and 4 of non-gamblers
14 What is Problem Gambling
15 Continuum of gambling behavior No Gambling Experimentation Social At-Risk Problem Pathological Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 16
often high functioning and bright
often not the typical user of social services
enter treatment later
easier to hide no obvious physical signs of addiction nor physical limitations to the process (i.e. dont OD from too much gambling )
Pam Former Credit Union VP (incarcerated for embezzlement) Sandy 4th grade teacher Jane Grandma stole 250K to gamble Warren Cornell University Economics Degree Source National Council on Problem Gambling voices of recovery http//www.ncpgambling.org/ 17 Problem gambling defined
All patterns of gambling behavior that compromise disrupt or damage personal family or vocational pursuits.
18 Indicators of problem gambling
Increase in gambling time and places
Increase in size of bets
Working up special occasions for gambling
Intensity of interest in gambling
Boasting wins evading loses
Exaggerated display of money and other possessions
19 More Indicators
Gambling when there is a crisis
Drop off in other activities/interests
Frequent absences from school work and home
Excessive phone use
Withdrawal from family
Personality changes (irritability/hostility)
Diversion of funds earmarked for other purposes
20 Pathological Gambling
Synonymous with compulsive addicted clinical diagnosable and Level 3
Classified in DSM-IV as an Impulse Control Disorder
Diagnostic criteria is similar to that of Substance Abuse/Dependence
21 What Causes Problem Gambling
Public Health Model
22 What Causes Gambling Problems
Host (Gambler) Agent (Gambling Device)
-genetics -speed of play -biology -bet size
-coping style -control
-psychological -stimulus load
Social culture political culture gaming venue family culture availability environmental stressors
23 Interactions Among the Host Agent and Environment
The causes of problem gambling are complex and may emanate from diverse sources
a mix of individual traits
social and economic circumstances
overall community environment
24 Workplace Interventions 25 (No Transcript) 26 Co-workers are often the first line of defense
The workplace is used as a shield to hide the problem gambling from family members.
The challenge is to identify the problem gambler before they become desperate.
It is important that all
employers and employees
develop a greater
awareness of the signs
a gambling problem.
27 Workplace signs of a gambling problem
Work performance deteriorates
absent or late for meetings
misses assignment deadlines.
Frequent unexplained absences or disappearances from work.
Eager to organize and participate in betting opportunities.
28 Workplace signs of a gambling problem
Frequently borrows money argues with co-workers about money that is owed to them.
Complains about mounting debts.
Excessive use of the telephone for personal calls.
Experiences mood swings often related to winning and losing streaks.
Credit card or loan bills are mailed to work rather than home.
29 Workplace signs of a gambling problem
Increasingly spends more time gambling during lunch hours and coffee breaks.
Pay is requested in lieu of vacation time
False claims are made against expense accounts.
Theft of property.
30 Effects on the workplace
The workplace is primarily affected through
Theft Fraud and Embezzlement
31 What can supervisors do
Express concerns in a caring and supportive manner
Free and confidential staffed by professional counselors
Phone 1 (877) MY LIMIT
Online 1877mylimit.org (chat IM email)
36 Treatment in Oregon
Continuum of Care
Gambling Evaluation and Reduction Program (GEAR)
27 outpatient treatment centers
3 crisis-respite programs
1 residential treatment program
37 (No Transcript) 38 Conclusions
Problem gambling is a real and growing concern for security professionals and others.
Effects about 1 in 37 adults.
We need to implement measures to address problem gambling in the workplace.
Policies increase awareness
Resources are available.
Utilize your local resources
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